Спряжение глагола attraper во французском языке.

Содержание

Как правильно спрягать глагол Partir

Друзья, сегодня мы спрягаем глагол Partir – уходить, уезжать, отправляться в путь. Этот глагол относится к третьей группе, то есть к неправильным французским глаголам. И о нем стоит сказать несколько слов.

Инфинитив этого глагола: Présent – partir; Passé – être parti.

Если говорить о причастии этого глагола, то в настоящем времени – partant; в прошедшем времени – parti.

Сложные формы глагола Partir образуются с помощью вспомогательного глагола Etre.

Некоторые особенности глагола Partir

Глагол Partir используется чаще с предлогами à,de,en и pour:

  • Michel part pour l’étranger. – Мишельуезжаетзаграницу.
  • Moi et Julie, nous partons en vacances. Я и Жюли, мы уезжаем на каникулы.НО:Jean part en convalescence. – Жан выздоравливает.
  • Ces paroles partent d‘un bon cœur. – Эти слова сказаныотчистогосердца.

Реже употребляется с предлогом sur:

  • On est parti sur ce sujet. Сталиразвиватьэтутему.

С видом транспорта используется предлог en либо par:

  • partir par (en) bateau — отплыватьпароходом
  • partir par (en) avion — улетать(вылетать) самолётом

Также глагол Partir входит в ряд устойчивых выражений:

  • partir àl’anglaise — уйти незаметно, не попрощавшись, не прощаясь, уйти по-английски
  • partir en eau de boudin — плохокончить, осрамиться
  • partir en digue-digue — падатьвобморок
  • partir en java — пить, гулять, веселиться, кутить

Глагол Partir в условном наклонении

Глагол Partir в изъявительном наклонении

Спряжение глагола Partir в Indicatif:

je suis parti
tu es parti
il est parti
nous sommes partis
vous êtes partis
ils sont partis

je partais
tu partais
il partait
nous partions
vous partiez
ils partaient

j’étais parti
tu étais parti
il était parti
nous étions partis
vous étiez partis
ils étaient partis

je partis
tu partis
il partit
nous partîmes
vous partîtes
ils partirent

je fus parti
tu fus parti
il fut parti
nous fûmes partis
vous fûtes partis
ils furent partis

je partirai
tu partiras
il partira
nous partirons
vous partirez
ils partiront

je serai parti
tu seras parti
il sera parti
nous serons partis
vous serez partis
ils seront partis

nous allons faire

vous allez faire

Que je partisse
que tu partisses
qu’il partit
que nous partissions
que vous partissiez
qu’ils partissent

Que je sois parti
que tu sois parti
qu’il soit parti
que nous soyons partis
que vous soyez parti(s)
qu’ils soient partis

Que je fusse parti
que tu fusses parti
qu’il fût parti
que nous fussions partis
que vous fussiez parti(s)
qu’ils fussent partis

Présent
je pars
tu pars
il part
nous partons
vous partez
ils partent
Future proche dans le passé
j’allais fairetu allais faireil allait faire

nous allions faire

vous alliez faire

ils allaient faire

je viens de faire

tu viens de faire

il vient de faire

nous venons de faire

vous venez de faire

ils viennent de faire

Passé immédiat dans le passé
je venais de fairetu venais de faireil venait de faire

nous venions de faire

vous veniez de faire

ils venaient de faire

Глагол Partir в сослагательном наклонении

Спряжение глагола Partir в Subjonctif:

Que je parte
que tu partes
qu’il parte
que nous partions
que vous partiez
qu’ils partent

Глагол Partir в условном наклонении

Спряжение глагола Partir в Conditionnel:

Je partirais
tu partirais
il partirait
nous partirions
vous partiriez
ils partiraient

Je serais parti
tu serais parti
il serait parti
nous serions partis
vous seriez parti(s)
ils seraient partis

Je fusse parti
tu fusses parti
il fût parti
nous fussions partis
vous fussiez parti(s)
ils fussent partis

Глагол Partir в повелительном наклонении

Спряжение глагола Partir в Impératif:

Subjonctif – сослагательное наклонение

que nous trayions

que vous trayiez

qu’ils traient

Conditionnel – условное наклонение

ils trairaient

Impératif – повелительное наклонение

trayez

Infinitif — инфинитив

traire

Participe — причастие

trayant

Présent
parspartonspartez

Passé
sois partisoyons partisoyez parti

Définitions de attraper

Familier. Attrape !,

Familier. Si je t’attrape à + infinitif ,

Synonymes et contraires de attraper

Prendre un animal avec un piège.

Rejoindre quelqu’un, un animal en mouvement et se saisir d’eux.

Saisir, prendre quelqu’un, quelque chose par une de ses parties.

Réussir à saisir quelque chose en mouvement.

Arriver juste à temps pour prendre un moyen de transport, pour.

Tromper quelqu’un, le duper par ruse, ou lui causer une surprise.

Gronder quelqu’un, le réprimander.

  • admonester (littéraire) — gourmander (littéraire) — gronder — morigéner (littéraire) — passer un savon à (populaire) — réprimander — secouer (familier)

Saisir une manière de faire et pouvoir la reproduire, l’imiter.

  • chiper (familier) — pénétrer

Parvenir à entendre, à comprendre au passage ce qui est dit.

Difficultés de attraper

Avec deux t et un seul p.

Attraper un rhume, une maladie. Langue familière.
recommandation :
Dans l’expression soignée, surtout à l’écrit, préférer : prendre un rhume, contracter une maladie.

Спряжение глагола traire

ils traient

Passé simple

nous avons trait

vous avez trait

ils ont trait

Passé antérieur

nous eûmes trait

vous eûtes trait

ils eurent trait

Imparfait

ils trayaient

Plus-que-parfait

nous avions trait

vous aviez trait

ils avaient trait

Futur antérieur

nous aurons trait

vous aurez trait

ils auront trait

Futur simple

ils trairont

Passé

que tu aies trait

que nous ayons trait

que vous ayez trait

qu’ils aient trait

Imparfait

qu’ils —

Plus-que-parfait

que j’eusse trait

que tu eusses trait

que nous eussions trait

que vous eussiez trait

qu’ils eussent trait

Passé 1re forme

tu aurais trait

il aurait trait

nous aurions trait

vous auriez trait

ils auraient trait

Passé 2e forme

tu eusses trait

nous eussions trait

vous eussiez trait

ils eussent trait

Passé

ayez trait

Passé

avoir trait

Passé

trait

По типу глагола traire спрягаются глаголы

abstraire
distraire
extraire
soustraire
braire

Глагол être (быть)

Помните о том, что все, что Вы учите, нужно проговаривать вслух, слушая озвучку как самого урока, так и ответов к упражнениям. Не бойтесь, если Вы еще несильны в правилах чтения – просто повторяйте за диктором и возвращайтесь к курсу французской фонетики.
Произношение же подхватится само в процессе работы с французским языком.

  Прослушайте аудио урок с дополнительными объяснениями

Во французском языке, как и во всех других европейских языках, Вы не можете просто сказать:

я красивая, он странный, они дома, вы на работе.

Приучайтесь к тому, что любой иностранец будет говорить:

я есть красивый, она есть странная, они есть дома, вы есть на работе.

Так называемый глагол быть – один из самых важных глаголов в любом иностранном языке.

У англичан – to be. У немцев – sein.
У итальянцев – essere. У французов être – быть .

Спряжение глагола être (быть)

Во французском языке есть следующие местоимения:

être
Je suis Я есть
Tu es Ты есть
Il (elle) est Он, она есть
Nous sommes Мы есть
Vous êtes Вы есть
Ils (elles) sont Они есть (м. и ж. р.)

Отрицательная форма глагола être (быть)

До глагола – ne , после глагола – pas :

Je ne suis pas Я не есть
Tu n ‘es pas Ты не есть
Il (elle) n ‘est pas Он, она не есть
Nous ne sommes pas Мы не есть
Vous n ‘êtes pas Вы не есть
Ils (elles) ne sont pas Они не есть (м. и ж. р.)

Вопросительная форма глагола être (быть)

То, как будет задаваться вопрос, зависит от ситуации и от того, к кому обращаешься.

Самый лучший вопросительный оборот – это оборот с est-ce que .

Suis-je? Je suis? Est-ce que je suis?
Es-tu? Tu es? Est-ce que tu es?
Est-il? Il est? Est-ce qu’il est?
Est-elle? Elle est? Est-ce qu’elle est?
Sommes-nous? Nous sommes? Est-ce que nous sommes?
Êtes-vous? Vous êtes? Est-ce que vous êtes?
Sont-ils? Ils sont? Est-ce qu’ils sont?
Sont-elles? Elles sont? Est-ce qu’elles sont?

Устойчивые выражения с глаголом être (быть)

С глаголом être во французском языке есть очень много устойчивых выражений, которые очень украсят и обогатят Вашу речь на старте изучения французского языка:

être malade быть больным
être en bonne santé быть здоровым
être libre быть свободным
être pris(e) быть занятым
être prêt(e) быть готовым
être content(e) быть довольным
être marié(e) быть женатым (замужем)
être en retard опаздывать
être à l’heure приходить вовремя
être à la maison быть дома
être fatigué(e) быть уставшим
être désolé(e) сожалеть
être sûr(e) быть уверенным
être heureux (heureuse) быть счастливым

По-хорошему, глагол быть Вы всегда будете использовать с:

  • существительными – «кто? что?»: je suis femme au foyer (я домохозяйка) , il est un chômeur (он безработный) , c’est ma soeur (это моя сестра) , c’est mon mari (это мой муж) , c’est notre maison (это наш дом) ;
  • прилагательными – «какой? какая? какое?»: elle est gaie (она веселая) , il est riche (он богатый) , la maison est vieille (дом старый) ;
  • наречием – «как?»: c’est compliqué (это сложно) , c’est intéressant (это интересно) , c’est bien / bon (это хорошо) , c’est mauvais / mal (это плохо) ;
  • или когда отвечаете на вопрос «где?»: il est dans le parc (он в парке) , je suis à la maison (я дома) , mon mari est au travail (мой муж на работе) , ils sont en vacances (они в отпуске) .

Согласование

На что следует обратить внимание. В русском языке мы говорим:

я здоров, я здорова, они здоровы,
я занят, я занята, они заняты.

На языке грамматики это называется согласовать прилагательное в роде и в числе. Если же проще, то нужно поставить правильные окончания.

мужчина всегда будет говорить без окончания
(т.е. так, как написано в устойчивых выражениях),
женщина – с окончанием -e ,
они, мы – c окончанием -s .

Je suis content(-). – Я доволен.
Je suis content e . – Я довольна.
Ils sont content s . – Они довольны (мужчины, м + ж).
Elles sont content es . – Они довольны (женщины).

Как итог того, что вам нужно выучить в этом уроке:

  • спряжение глагола быть и случаи, когда он должен быть в предложении,
  • отрицание: до глагола – ne , после глагола – pas ,
  • вопрос: оборот est-ce que ,
  • согласование:
    – мужчина говорит без окончания,
    – женщина – с окончанием -е ,
    – мужчины – с окончанием -s ,
    – женщины – с окончанием -es .

Дополнительно учите слова из урока и из упражнений, смотрите дополнительные темы грамматики на сайте, слушайте фонетический курс и главное, начинайте говорить и пользоваться знаниями из этого урока уже сейчас в своей жизни.

Спряжение глагола «to attract» (Английский язык)

Глагол to attract – правильный глагол в английском языке, в переводе на русский означает: привлекать, притягивать; пленять, прельщать.

Infinitive to attract
Simple past attracted
Past participle attracted
-s attracts
-ing attracting

Attract in present simple

Утверждение

He attracts
She attracts
It attracts

Отрицание

I do not attract

You do not attract

He does not attract
She does not attract
It does not attract

We do not attract

You do not attract

They do not attract

Вопрос

Does he attract?
Does she attract?
Does it attract?

Do they attract?

Attract in present continuous

Утверждение

I am attracting

You are attracting

He is attracting
She is attracting
It is attracting

We are attracting

You are attracting

They are attracting

Отрицание

I am not attracting

You are not attracting

He is not attracting
She is not attracting
It is not attracting

We are not attracting

You are not attracting

They are not attracting

Вопрос

Am I attracting?

Are you attracting?

Is he attracting?
Is she attracting?
Is it attracting?

Are we attracting?

Are you attracting?

Are they attracting?

Attract in present perfect

Утверждение

I have attracted

You have attracted

He has attracted
She has attracted
It has attracted

We have attracted

You have attracted

They have attracted

Отрицание

I have not attracted

You have not attracted

He has not attracted
She has not attracted
It has not attracted

We have not attracted

You have not attracted

They have not attracted

Вопрос

Have I attracted?

Have you attracted?

Has he attracted?
Has she attracted?
Has it attracted?

Have we attracted?

Have you attracted?

Have they attracted?

Attract in present perfect continuous

Утверждение

I have been attracting

You have been attracting

He has been attracting
She has been attracting
It has been attracting

We have been attracting

You have been attracting

They have been attracting

Отрицание

I have not been attracting

You have not been attracting

He has not been attracting
She has not been attracting
It has not been attracting

We have not been attracting

You have not been attracting

They have not been attracting

Вопрос

Have I been attracting?

Have you been attracting?

Has he been attracting?
Has she been attracting?
Has it been attracting?

Have we been attracting?

Have you been attracting?

Have they been attracting?

Attract in past simple

Утверждение

He attracted
She attracted
It attracted

Отрицание

I did not attract

You did not attract

He did not attract
She did not attract
It did not attract

We did not attract

You did not attract

They did not attract

Вопрос

Did you attract?

Did he attract?
Did she attract?
Did it attract?

Did you attract?

Did they attract?

Attract in past continuous

Утверждение

I was attracting

You were attracting

He was attracting
She was attracting
It was attracting

We were attracting

You were attracting

They were attracting

Отрицание

I was not attracting

You were not attracting

He was not attracting
She was not attracting
It was not attracting

We were not attracting

You were not attracting

They were not attracting

Вопрос

Was I attracting?

Were you attracting?

Was he attracting?
Was she attracting?
Was it attracting?

Were we attracting?

Were you attracting?

Were they attracting?

Attract in past perfect

Утверждение

I had attracted

You had attracted

He had attracted
She had attracted
It had attracted

We had attracted

You had attracted

They had attracted

Отрицание

I had not attracted

You had not attracted

He had not attracted
She had not attracted
It had not attracted

We had not attracted

You had not attracted

They had not attracted

Вопрос

Had I attracted?

Had you attracted?

Had he attracted?
Had she attracted?
Had it attracted?

Had we attracted?

Had you attracted?

Had they attracted?

Attract in past perfect continuous

Утверждение

I had been attracting

You had been attracting

He had been attracting
She had been attracting
It had been attracting

We had been attracting

You had been attracting

They had been attracting

Отрицание

I had not been attracting

You had not been attracting

He had not been attracting
She had not been attracting
It had not been attracting

We had not been attracting

You had not been attracting

They had not been attracting

Вопрос

Had I been attracting?

Had you been attracting?

Had he been attracting?
Had she been attracting?
Had it been attracting?

Had we been attracting?

Had you been attracting?

Had they been attracting?

Attract in future simple

Утверждение

You will attract

He will attract
She will attract
It will attract

We will attract

You will attract

They will attract

Отрицание

I will not attract

You will not attract

He will not attract
She will not attract
It will not attract

We will not attract

You will not attract

They will not attract

Вопрос

Will you attract?

Will he attract?
Will she attract?
Will it attract?

Will we attract?

Will you attract?

Will they attract?

Attract in future continuous

Утверждение

I will be attracting

You will be attracting

He will be attracting
She will be attracting
It will be attracting

We will be attracting

You will be attracting

They will be attracting

Отрицание

I will not be attracting

You will not be attracting

He will not be attracting
She will not be attracting
It will not be attracting

We will not be attracting

You will not be attracting

They will not be attracting

Вопрос

Will I be attracting?

Will you be attracting?

Will he be attracting?
Will she be attracting?
Will it be attracting?

Will we be attracting?

Will you be attracting?

Will they be attracting?

Attract in future perfect

Утверждение

I will have attracted

You will have attracted

He will have attracted
She will have attracted
It will have attracted

We will have attracted

You will have attracted

They will have attracted

Отрицание

I will not have attracted

You will not have attracted

He will not have attracted
She will not have attracted
It will not have attracted

We will not have attracted

You will not have attracted

They will not have attracted

Вопрос

Will I have attracted?

Will you have attracted?

Will he have attracted?
Will she have attracted?
Will it have attracted?

Will we have attracted?

Will you have attracted?

Will they have attracted?

Attract in future perfect continuous

Утверждение

I will have been attracting

You will have been attracting

He will have been attracting
She will have been attracting
It will have been attracting

We will have been attracting

You will have been attracting

They will have been attracting

Отрицание

I will not have been attracting

You will not have been attracting

He will not have been attracting
She will not have been attracting
It will not have been attracting

We will not have been attracting

You will not have been attracting

They will not have been attracting

Вопрос

Will I have been attracting?

Will you have been attracting?

Will he have been attracting?
Will she have been attracting?
Will it have been attracting?

Will we have been attracting?

Will you have been attracting?

Will they have been attracting?

Attract in conditional present

Утверждение

I would attract

You would attract

He would attract
She would attract
It would attract

We would attract

You would attract

They would attract

Отрицание

I would not attract

You would not attract

He would not attract
She would not attract
It would not attract

We would not attract

You would not attract

They would not attract

Вопрос

Would I attract?

Would you attract?

Would he attract?
Would she attract?
Would it attract?

Would we attract?

Would you attract?

Would they attract?

Attract in conditional present progressive

Утверждение

I would be attracting

You would be attracting

He would be attracting
She would be attracting
It would be attracting

We would be attracting

You would be attracting

They would be attracting

Отрицание

I would not be attracting

You would not be attracting

He would not be attracting
She would not be attracting
It would not be attracting

We would not be attracting

You would not be attracting

They would not be attracting

Вопрос

Would I be attracting?

Would you be attracting?

Would he be attracting?
Would she be attracting?
Would it be attracting?

Would we be attracting?

Would you be attracting?

Would they be attracting?

Attract in conditional perfect

Утверждение

I would have attracted

You would have attracted

He would have attracted
She would have attracted
It would have attracted

We would have attracted

You would have attracted

They would have attracted

Отрицание

I would not have attracted

You would not have attracted

He would not have attracted
She would not have attracted
It would not have attracted

We would not have attracted

You would not have attracted

They would not have attracted

Вопрос

Would I have attracted?

Would you have attracted?

Would he have attracted?
Would she have attracted?
Would it have attracted?

Would we have attracted?

Would you have attracted?

Would they have attracted?

Attract in conditional perfect progressive

Утверждение

I would have been attracting

You would have been attracting

He would have been attracting
She would have been attracting
It would have been attracting

We would have been attracting

You would have been attracting

They would have been attracting

Отрицание

I would not have been attracting

You would not have been attracting

He would not have been attracting
She would not have been attracting
It would not have been attracting

We would not have been attracting

You would not have been attracting

They would not have been attracting

Вопрос

Would I have been attracting?

Would you have been attracting?

Would he have been attracting?
Would she have been attracting?
Would it have been attracting?

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