Past Participle of Irregular Verbs, exercise 2

Grammar Rules

What Are Irregular Verbs?

Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t take on the regular –d, -ed, or -ied spelling patterns of the past simple (V2) or past participle (V3). Many of the irregular V2 and V3 forms are the same, such as: cut – cut, had – had, let – let, hurt – hurt, fed- fed, sold-sold

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Irregular Verb Examples

Irregular verbs are also known as strong verbs. Here are nine that are used more often than the rest. These nine irregular verb examples also happen to be among the most commonly used words in the English language. They are:

The following list of examples show how irregular verbs are used in sentences. Some sentences contain more than one example.

    Goget your brother. It’s time to eat dinner.

→ In this example, all three irregular verbs (go, get, and eat) are in base form.
I want to build a sand castle like the one we built last year.

→ In this example, the irregular verb build is in base form. The irregular verb built is the past simple form of “build”. When you look at the complete list of examples, you’ll notice that built is also the past participle of the irregular verb “build”.
He bet me that I couldn’t run five miles without stopping. I proved him wrong; I ran seven miles before I had to catch my breath.

→ In this example, bet is a past simple form. When you look at the complete list, you will see that all three forms of “bet” are the same. Next, in the same sentence, the irregular verb run is in base form. In the next sentence, ran is the past simple form of “run” and had is the past simple form of “have.” Meanwhile, catch is base form.
I awoke to find that a spider had bitten me. Although the wound didn’t bleed, it itched terribly.

→ In this example, the irregular verb awoke is the past simple form of “awake.” Bitten is past participle form of “bite” and bleed is base form.
Let’s drink some of this lemonade. I drank some yesterday and found it delicious.

→ In this example, the irregular verb drink is in base form. Drank is the past simple form of “drink,” and found is the past simple form of “find.”

For more examples, read our complete list of irregular verbs in the English language.

Irregular Verb Exercises

Fill the blank spaces with the appropriate irregular verb.

  1. My dog jumped out of the swimming pool and _____________ himself, causing water to spray everywhere. (shake, shook, shaken)
  2. You should have ______________ Trish’s face when she got her surprise. (saw, had seen, seen)
  3. We _____________ the whole day lounging on the beach. (spend, spent, had spend)
  4. Let’s _____________ a hike on Saturday. (take, took, taken)
  5. My brother Mike ______________ his stinky socks on the coffee table. (leave, left, leaving)
  6. This is the ninth time that pitcher has _____________ a foul ball (throw, threw, thrown)
  7. The water balloon _____________ when it hit its target. (burst, busted, broken)
  8. Jesse intentionally ______________ gum in Jeff’s hair. (stick, stuck, sticky)

Answers: 1 – shook, 2 – seen, 3 – spent, 4 – take, 5 – left, 6 – thrown, 7- burst, 8 – stuck

past participle verbs exercise worksheet

Past participle worksheets:

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Grammar worksheets > Verbs > Verb tenses > Past participle > past participle verbs exercise

past participle verbs exercise

It�s a very easy exercise to work on past participle verbs.

Infinitive, Past simple and Past participle different.

List of irregular verbs.

Список важнейших глаголов неправильного (нестандартного) спряжения.

Weak verbs = Regular verbs: want + ed (слабые глаголы)

Strong verbs = Irregular verbs: begin-began-begun (сильные глаголы)

I форма Infinitive – неопределенная форма глагола II форма Past Indefinite – прошедшее неопределенное время III форма Past Participle — причастие страдательного залога IV форма Present Participle — причастие действительного залога Значение = перевод
am be is are was were been being Быть, находиться
do did done doing Делать

Irregular verbs in groups.

Infinitive, Past dimple & Past participle the same.

Все три формы одинаковые (неизменяемые).

I Infinitive II Past simple III Past participle Meaning
1. cost cost cost Стоить, расценивать
2. cut cut cut Резать, рубить
3. hit hit hit Ударить(ся)
4. hurt hurt hurt Повреждать, причинять боль
5. let let let Позволять, отдавать в наем
6. put put put Класть, (по)ставить
7. shut shut shut Закрывать
8. set set set Помещать, заходить (о солнце)
9. spread spread spread Распространять
10. cast cast cast Кидать, разбрасывать

Past simple and Past participle the same

Вторая и третья форы одинаковые.

1. 1 lend lent lent Давать в займы
2. 2 send sent sent Посылать
3. 3 spend spent spent Поводить (время), тратить
4. build built built Строит
5. lose lost lost Терять, проигрывать
6. shoot shot shot Стрелять
7. win won won Выигрывать
8. get got got Получать, становиться, делаться
9. light lit lit Зажигать
10. sit sat sat Сидеть
11. burn burnt burnt Гореть, жечь
12. smell smelt smelt Нюхать, пахнуть
13. keep kept kept Держать, хранить
14. sleep slept slept Спать
15. feel felt felt Чувствовать
16. leave left left Оставлять, покидать, закан-ть
17. meet met met Встречаться
18. dream dreamt dreamt Мечтать, видеть во сне
19. mean meant meant Значить, иметь в виду
20. bring brought brought Приносить
21. buy bought bought Покупать
22. fight fought fought Бороться, сражаться
23. think thought thought Думать
24. catch caught caught Ловить, схватывать
25. teach taught taught Обучать, преподавать
26. sell sold sold Продавать
27. tell told told Рассказывать
28. find found found Находить
29. have had had Иметь
30. hear heard heard Слышать
31. hold held held Держать, иметь, владеть
32. read read read Читать
33. say said said Сказать
34. pay paid paid Платить
35. make made made Делать, заставлять
36. stand stood stood Стоять
37. understand understood understood Понимать

Infinitive and Past participle the same

Первая и третья формы одинаковые

run ran run Бежать, управлять
come came come Приходить
become became become Делаться, становиться

Infinitive, Past simple and Past participle different.

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Past Participle of Irregular Verbs, exercise 2

shaved or shaven

sheared or shorn

shone or shined

shown or showed

shrunk or shrunken

sneaked or snuck

spilled or spilt

struck or stricken

striven or strived

thrived or thriven

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English Current

ESL Lesson Plans, Tests, & Ideas

English Grammar: Irregular Verb List & Exercises (Beginner & Intermediate ESL)

English Level: Beginner, Intermediate

Language Focus: A review of conjugations of irregular verbs in the past tense and past participle form

Grammar Worksheet: irregular-verb-exercises-esl.docx (scroll down to study the exercises online)

Review: Irregular Verbs in English

An irregular verb is a verb that has a past tense or past participle form that does not end in

  • Here is a regular verb: walk (present), walk ed (past tense), walk ed (past participle)
  • Here is an irregular verb: break (present), broke (past tense), broken (past participle)

Naturally, the past simple form is used to talk about the past , e.g. I broke my arm yesterday . View this lesson to review the past simple.

The past participle (also called the P.P.) form is used for these verb tenses/forms:

  • Present Perfect (have + past participle): I have broken my arm twice in my life. [See this lesson for an explanation of present perfect]
  • Past Perfect ( had + past participle ): I hadn’t broken my arm until I started snowboarding. [See this lesson for an explanation of past perfect]
  • Passive Voice (be + past participle): My arm was broken yesterday. [See this lesson for an explanation of the passive voice]

There are over 400 English verbs that use an irregular form. Here is a list of 45 irregular verbs that beginner ESL students should learn.

Beginner Irregular Verbs List

Verb Simple Past Past Participle
be was/were been
become became become
break broke broken
buy bought bought
choose chose chosen
come came come
do did done
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feel felt felt
find found found
forget forgot forgotten
get got gotten/got
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
know knew known
leave left left
lose lost lost
make made made
meet met met
pay paid paid
read read (pronounced ‘red’) read (pronounced ‘red’)
ride rode ridden
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
show showed shown
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
speak spoke spoken
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
take took taken
think thought thought
understand understood understood
write wrote written

Scroll down or click here to do exercises on the above irregular verb list for beginner students.

Intermediate Irregular Verbs List

Verb Simple Past Past Participle
arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken
beat beat beaten
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
bring brought brought
build built built
burn burned/burnt burned/burnt
catch caught caught
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
draw drew drawn
dream dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt
feed fed fed
fight fought fought
fit fit fit
flee fled fled
fly flew flown
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
hang hung hung
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
lay laid laid
lead led led
learn learned/learnt learned/learnt
let let let
mean meant meant
mistake mistook mistaken
prove proved proven/proved
put put put
quit quit quit
rise rose risen
seek sought sought
set set set
shake shook shaken
shoot shot shot
shrink shrank shrunk
shut shut shut
slide slid slid
smell smelled/smelt smelled/smelt
sneak sneaked/snuck sneaked/snuck
spell spelled/spelt spelled/spelt
spend spent spent
spill spilled/spilt spilled/spilt
spin spun spun
spit spat spat
split split split
spoil spoiled/spoilt spoiled/spoilt
spread spread spread
stick stuck stuck
stink stank stunk
strike struck struck/stricken
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
throw threw thrown
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
win won won

One day irregular verbs may disappear from English, but for now, it’s important for every student to learn them. It’s practice time!

Exercises for Learning English Irregular Verbs Online

The below exercises will test the irregular forms from the verb lists above. Type the correct verb form for the past simple.

Beginner Level: Irregular Verb Exercises with Past Simple

I did many things yesterday.

  1. I (steal) a candy from my sister and I (speak) to my father.
  2. I (write) in my diary and I (think) about my life.
  3. I (stand) in the shower and I (sing) a song.
  4. I (sit) at my desk and I (understand) my homework.
  5. I (know) the answers and then I (send) an email.
  6. I (sell) my old bicycle and I (do) my laundry.
  7. I (become) bored.

Later, in the afternoon, I did more things.

  1. I (go) outs /> (see) a rainbow.
  2. I (hear) a dog barking so I (run) across the street.
  3. I (r /> (hold) my bag in my hand.
  4. I (pay) for my ticket and then I (buy) a chocolate bar.
  5. I (say) “hello” to my friend. Later, I (meet) a friendly girl.
  6. I (give) my phone number and I (make) a promise.
  7. I (be) happy.

In the evening, I did even more things.

  1. I (lose) my phone and I (forget) my wallet.
  2. I (find) my wallet later but I (break) a promise.
  3. I (get) some food and then I (choose) some dessert.
  4. I (eat) a slice of cake and I (drink) some tea.
  5. I (leave) a restaurant and I (drove) my car home.
  6. I (come) into my bedroom and I (sleep).
  7. I (grow) older.

Beginner Level: Irregular Verb Exercises with Past Perfect Simple (Past Participle)

Type the past participle verb form for the present perfect.

John has had an interesting life. He has done many things.

  1. He has (steal) a car and he has (speak) to God.
  2. He has (write) a book and he has (stand) at the top of a mountain.
  3. He has (sing) karaoke and he has (sit) in the forest.
  4. He has (break) some bones and he has (think) about life and death.
  5. He has (understand) his heart and he has (know) answers to difficult questions.
  6. He has (send) flowers to someone he loves and he has (sell) paintings.
  7. He has (do) yoga in India.

Lisa has had a busy day. He has done many things.

  1. She has (took) a shower and she has (make) coffee.
  2. She has (run) in the park and she has (hear) birds singing.
  3. She has (met) her neighbour and she has (r /> (become) sick and she has (go) to the hospital.
  4. She has (see) her doctor and she has (hold) her son’s hand.
  5. She has (pay) for a hotdog and she has (buy) some shampoo.
  6. She has (give) a hug.

I have had an interesting month. I have done many things.

  1. I have (get) a pet and I have (choose) a name for the dog.
  2. I have (lose) my pet dog and I have (find) him in the park.
  3. I have (forget) my friend’s birthday and I have (eat) birthday cake.
  4. I have (drink) beer and I have (drive) to the airport.
  5. I have (leave) my city and I have (be) in an airplane.
  6. I have (grow) tired and I have (sleep) on an airplane.
  7. I have (come) back.

Beginner Level: Irregular Verb Exercises with Past Simple or Present Perfect

Enter the verb in either the past tense (for past simple) or past participle (for present perfect). To review the difference between the past simple and present perfect, please view this lesson.

Exercise #1: Past Tense or Past Participle

  1. A: John, have you ever (be) to Hawaii? / B: Yes. I (go) there five years ago.
  2. Yesterday, someone (steal) my bag. This (make) me angry. I have never (steal) something.
  3. Peter (become) a famous chef in the 1990s. In his life, he has (met) some famous people.
  4. Last year, Susan (write) a book. I (buy) it and (read) it last month.
  5. Have you (see) my lunch? I (put) it in the refrigerator, but I can’t find it! I’m really hungry now. I haven’t (eat) all day.

Exercise #2: Past Tense or Past Participle

  1. I (grow) up in Australia, but in 1994, my parents (choose) to move to London.
  2. Louise (go) snowboarding last month. She (fall) down and (break) her ankle. She often falls. She has (break) her ankle three times. I (drive) her to the hospital.
  3. The teacher asked, “Who has (do) their homework?” But none of the students (say) that they had.
  4. Have you ever (r /> (r /> (know) John for four years. I (met) him at university. He (sit) beside me in class.

Intermediate Level: Irregular Verb Exercises for Past Simple

Type the appropriate irregular verb form for the past simple.

Yesterday, Alan did many things.

  1. He (wake) up at 9 a.m. and he (draw) some plans.
  2. He (split) some wood and he (bend) some metal.
  3. He (dig) some holes and he (build) a fence.
  4. He (cut) his finger and he (swear) loudly.
  5. He (quit) working and he (feed) his dog.
  6. He (spill) the dog food and then he (sweep) his floor.
  7. He (let) the cat out and then he (hang) out with some friends.

Sarah went camping last week. She had an interesting time.

  1. She (swim) in a lake and she (lay) on the beach.
  2. She (shake) the sand off her clothes and (hang) them to dry.
  3. She (fly) a kite and she (shoot) an arrow.
  4. She (catch) a fish and she (cut) the fish and tried to cook it.
  5. She (burn) the fish a little.
  6. She (put) on a sweater and she (smell) a skunk in the forest.
  7. She (fight) the skunk and she (win).
  8. She (blow) out her candles and went to bed.

(The skunk might have stunk.)

Intermediate Level: Irregular Verb Exercises in Questions (Past Simple & Present Perfect)

Type either the past tense form (past simple) or the past participle form (past perfect).

  1. Have you ever (fly) first /> (fall) down?
  2. What was the last piece of clothing that you (shrink)?
  3. Where is the most beautiful place where you have (swim)?
  4. What problems in your life have you (deal) with successfully?
  5. Have you recently (forgive) someone for a mistake they made?
  6. What prices have (rise) recently?
  1. Have you ever (fight) with a close friend?
  2. When was the last time you (beat) a drum? Why?
  3. What is the worst thing that has ever (bite) you?
  4. If you had to get some words or a phrase (draw) on your skin, what would it be?
  5. Who’s the coolest person that you’ve ever (hang) out with?
  6. Who (cut) your hair last?
  7. Have you ever (spill) wine on expensive clothing?

Intermediate Level: Past Simple, Present Perfect, Past Perfect, and Passive Voice

If you need review, see our lessons on present perfect, past perfect, and the passive voice.

  1. The man who stole the money was (caught).
  2. As a little girl, Mona (dream) of being a writer.
  3. I (bite) my cheek yesterday when I was eating. It (hurt).
  4. By the time we arrived at the theatre, the movie had already (begin).
  5. My brother (bet) ten thousand dollars on a horse race. Of course, he lost.
  6. The dog (dig) a whole and then (put) his bone in it.
  7. Being late (cost) John his last job. Now he’s unemployed.
  1. Volunteers are being (seek) for language teaching positions.
  2. The news quickly (spread) that the pres /> (shoot).
  3. During the flood of 2008, water levels (rise) to dangerous levels.
  4. The child (sneak) behind the counter at the bakery and (stick) his finger in a cake.
  5. His mother saw him and (swear) loudly.
  6. When Laura (fall) off her bicycle, she (tear) the dress she was wearing and (cut) her knee. Unfortunately, the dress wasn’t hers. A friend had (lend) it to her. She had (tear) it and also (bleed) onto it a little. Even though it was damaged, her friend (forgive) her when she returned it.

I hope these exercises on irregular verbs have been useful. Of course, there are many more irregular verbs in English. Keep studying and practicing!

Questions? Found a mistake? Leave a comment below.

— Matthew Barton (copyright) / Creator of

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3 comments on “ English Grammar: Irregular Verb List & Exercises (Beginner & Intermediate ESL) ”

Undeniably, your teaching method is excellent.
Happy to find an online teacher like you.

I am helping young people to learn English, in the Netherlands and quite accidentally saw your site and tests. Very helpful, indeed!
One small observation: In the second part of the test about Irregular Verbs, sentence number 6 there is a small error. The verb that is given between brackets should be: (give) instead of “gave”.

В школе этого не расскажут:  Спряжение глагола décontracter во французском языке.
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