Ordering drinks and snacks in Russian. Lesson # 4

British and Russian Cuisine

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I. Skim the text to grasp the general idea.

Reading

Warm up.

Lesson 5. International cuisine

Choose any nationality and describe the rules of dining etiquette in this country.

Writing

Speaking

IV. Read the list of Table Dos.

1. Put your napkin on your lap. Do not wear it around your neck.

2. Gravy should be put on the meat, and the condiment, pickles and jelly at the side of whatever they accompany.

3. All juicy or soft fruit or cake is best eaten with a fork and when necessary a spoon or a knife also.

4. When passing your plate for a second helping always leave a knife and a fork on the plate and be sure the handles are far enough on not to topple off.

5. Fish bones are taken between finger and thumb and re­moved between compressed lips.

6. Bread should always be broken into moderate-sized pieces with the fingers before being eaten.

V. Complete the list of Table Dos and Don’ts and say how one should eat:

Dos Don’ts
soup
meat
bananas
oranges
apples
melons
wedding cake

You are in a foreign restaurant with a local supplier. As you don’t speak their language very well, you are both speaking English.

1. Answer your host’s questions and talk about your impressions of their town so far. Ask them what there is to see and do in the city and remember to respond enthusiastically to some of their suggestions, be diplomatic! Keep the conversation going by talking a little about current affairs, sport, the weather, holidays, your family.

2. Decide what you would like to eat and to drink. If there are things on the menu you don’t understand you could ask your host to explain them to you. If you are not sure what to choose, perhaps your host can recommend something. Remember to sound interested in the food.

3. Your host’s company is one of three which supply yours with electrical components and you are quite happy with this arrangement. You really don’t want to re-negotiate your contract with them and, anyway, you don’t believe in mixing business and pleasure. Without being rude, avoid getting into any discussions about business. If business does come up, try to change the subject.

I. Do you know any typical meals from the following countries?

France England Italy

India Spain Mexico

Turkey America Greece

II. What do you think influences a country’s food? What influences the food in your country?

Visitors to Britain generally agree about one thing–British cooking. “It’s terrible!” they say. You can cook vegetables in so many interesting ways. But the British cook vegetables for too long, so they lose their taste. These visitors eat in the wrong places. The best British cooking is in good restaurants and hotels, or at home.

British tastes have changed a lot over the past twenty years. In 1988 the national average for each person was 352 grams of “red” meat each week, but now it’s less than 259 grams. People prefer chicken and fresh fish. And more people are interested in healthy eating these days. In 1988 the national average was 905 grams of fruit and fruit juices each week, but now it’s nearly 2,000 grams.

The British have a “sweet tooth”. They love cakes, chocolates and sweets.

Today many people want food to be quick and easy. When both parents are working, they cannot cook large meals in the evenings. “Ready-made” meals from supermarkets and Marks and Spencer and “take-away” meals from fast food restaurants are very popular. If you are feeling tired or lazy, you can even phone a local restaurant. They will bring the food to your house.

Twenty years ago, British people usually ate at home. They only went out for a meal at special times, like for somebody’s birthday. But today, many people eat out at least once a week.

In the past, traditional steakhouses were very popular places, but now many people prefer foreign food. Every British town has Indian and Chinese restaurants and large towns have restaurants from many other countries too.

Pubs are also very popular. There are over 60,000 pubs in the UK (53,200 in England and Wales, 5,200 in Scotland and 1,600 in Northern Ireland). British people drink an average of 99.4 litres of beer every year. Mote than 80% of this beer is drunk in pubs and clubs.

Russian cooking is rather simple, leisurely, relaxed affair. The special peculiarity of traditional Russian cuisine is mainly in the freshness of the ingredients, simplicity of cooking methods and restraint with almost the only spices found in a typical Russian kitchen. Living in Russia one cannot butstick to a Russian diet.Keeping this diet for an Englishman is fatal. The Russianshave meals four times a day and theircuisine is quite intricate.

Every person starts his or her day withbreakfast. Poor English­men are sentenced to either acontinentalor anEnglish breakfast.From the Russian point of view, when one has it continental it ac­tually means that one has no breakfast at all, because it means drinking a cup of coffee andeating a bun. A month of continental breakfasts for some Russians would meanstarving. The English breakfast is a bit better, as it consists of one or twofried eggs,grilled sausages, bacon,tomatoes andmushrooms. The Englishhave tea with milk andtoast with butter and marmalade. As a choice one may havecorn flakes with milkand sugar or porridge.

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In Russia people mayhave anythingfor breakfast. Some good-humoured individuals even prefer soup, but, of course,sandwiches andcoffee are very popular. One can easily understand that in Great Britain by one o’clock people are very muchready for lunch. Lunch is the biggest meal of the day. That would be music for a Russian’s ears until he or she learns what lunch really consists of. It may be a meat orfish course withsoft drinks followed by asweet course.

The heart of a Russian person fills with joy when the hands of the clock approach three o’clock. His or her dinnerincludes three courses. A Russian will have a starter (salad, herring, cheese, etc.), soup, steaks, chops,orfish fillets withgarnish, a lot ofbread, of course, andsomething to drink. The more the better. At four or five the Russians mayhave a bite: waffles, cakes withjuice,tea, cocoa,or something of the kind.

In Great Britain theyhave dinner at five or six.Soup may be served then, but one should not be misled by the word «soup». British soup is justthin paste and a portion is three times smaller than in Russia. A lot of British prefer to eat out.«Fish and Chips« shops are very popular with theirtake-away food. The more sophisticated publicgoes to Chinese, Italian, seafood or other restaurants and ex­periments withshrimp, inedible vegetables and hot drinks.

Supper in Russia means one more big meal at seven.The table groans with food again. In England it is just asmall snacka glass of milk with biscuits at ten.

Most Russians have nevercounted calories and they are deeply convinced that their food ishealthy. Some housewives may admit that it takes some time to prepare all the stuff, includingpickles, home-made preserves and traditional Russianpies andpancakes. Theyboil, fry, roast,grill, broil, bake and make.

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Russian word for Cheers: what Russians say before drinking

Hello guys! This time I am going to tell you about the Russian word for Cheers. When do we say ‘Cheers’? When our glasses are full and we are eager to make them empty. ‘Cheers’ sounds like a command and takes its place at the table. You can hear Cheers whatever drinking company you join. But in Russian there is no one specific word for such occasions.

When we pour our glasses full and are ready to say something, we may say lots of different things. As I said, there is no specific Russian word for Cheers, but there are 3 unspecific. Let’s have a look at them.

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1. «Ваше здоровье!» — literally means ‘Your health’. It’s ironic to say that while drinking alcohol, isn’t it? Russian people are full of irony, I tell you. When people say it they don’t actually mean they are wishing you good health, it simply means that it’s not a pretty idea to drink in silence so at least something should be said.

Thailand. Pretty cat protecting the alcohol from Russian tourists.

There are some variations of this most common Russian word for Cheers: «Будем здоровы!» (literally means ‘Shall we be healthy!’), «За ваше здоровье!» (‘Cheers for your health!’) and «Твое здоровье!» (when you can address somebody with «ты» — Check out the article about Three Russian forms of you).

2. «За нас!» . This is another so called Russian word for Cheers. It can be translated as ‘Here we are – nicest people in the neighborhood/company/world, smartest and cutest, and is there anything else worth drinking for but us?’ Well, nothing of the kind is said out loud but you may hear that from the intonation :). If you don’t hear it in the intonation, just look everybody in the face – the expression will tell you everything.

3. «Ну, давайте выпьем!» That’s the most primitive Russian word for Cheers and can be translated as ‘Well, let’s drink finally’. That’s a good option when you are not too cheerful for the traditional ‘Cheers!’ or «За нас!» .

Ok, so if you are ever to drink with Russians (and if you are learning Russian I hope you are), surprise your fellows with one of this Russian word for Cheers. I bet they will give you an extra glass of Vodka or Vodochka for that!

150 Basic Russian Words for Beginners

Language is identity for every nation. Every language has it’s own unique and power through it’s meaning and understanding. Russian has many words and uniquely it also has 6 cases known as Пaдеж (Padjezh), it is grammatical system that form a sentence as well telling you about what a word doing in a sentence. At this time we will not discuss about cases in Russian language, this article will introduce you to basic Russian words for beginners. If you are beginners in Russian, we recommend you to visit How to Learn Russian for Beginners first to learn about basic guide to know about Russian and proceed to this article.

In process of learning foreign language, in this case Russian. It is necessary to know basic words that mostly used by Russian people in daily activities or daily conversation. Here we present you basic Russian words for beginners that you can learn and memorize as your progress of learning.

At the table below, we give you basic and common words that was used in Russian including pronounciation and translation in English.

1. Basic Russian Words for Animals

Names of animal can be basic lessons for language learners, even for childrens. Animals has different names for every country’s language. Here are lists of animal names :

Russian Pronounciation Translation
Лев lyev lion
Собака sabaka dog
Кошка koshka female cat
Кот kot male cat
Волк volk wolf
Рыба riyba fish
Птица ptitsa bird
Тигр tigr tiger
Медведь medvyed’ bear
Акула akula shark
Дельфин del’fin dolphin
Змея zmeya snake
Крокодил krokodil crocodile
Лягушка lyagushka frog
Свинья svin’ya pig
Корова karova cow
Курица kuritsa hen
Бабочка babochka butterfly
Жираф zhiraf giraffe

Those are some animals name in Russian, try to memorize it as your progress of learning.

2. Basic Russian Words for Fruits

Same like animal names, fruit can be alternative words to learn basic parts of foreign language. Here are the lists :

Russian Pronounciation Translation
Яблоко yablako apple
Апельсин apyel’sin orange
Дыня diynya melon
Арбуз arbuz watermelon
Гранат granat pomegranate
Клубника klubnika strawberry
Киви kivi kiwi
Ананас ananas pineapple
Виноград vinograd grape
Персик persik peach
Папайя papaiya papaya
Черника chyernika blueberry
Лимон limon lemon
Кокос kokos coconut
Круша krusha pear
Банан banan
Вишня vishnya cherry
Манго mangga mango
Гуайява guaiyyava guava

Those are some common fruits name in Russian, keep remembering it.

3. Basic Russian Words for Foods and Drinks

There are some food and drink in Russia that can be translated into english, but there are also foods and drinks that can’t be translated, esepecially Russian traditional foods or drinks. It is because Russian has their own utterance and meanings for certain foods and drinks.

Foods and Drinks Pronounciation Translation
Сок sok juice
Жареная курица zharenaya kuritsa fried chicken
Жареный рис zhareniy ris fried rice
Малоко malako milk
Овощи ovasyi vegetables
Чай chaiy tea
Кофе kofye coffee
Мясо myasa meat
Пирожное pirozhnoye cake
Лапша lapsha noodles
Шоколад shakalad chocolate
Сыр siyr cheese
Печенье pechen’ye cookies
Блин blin pancake
Мороженое marozhenoye ice cream
Хлеб khlyeb bread
Вода/Минеральная Вода vada/mineralnaya vada water/mineral water
Рис ris rice
Вино vina wine

Those are some foods and drinks names in Russian, food can be general product or ingredient for cuisine as mentioned above so is the names of drinks.

4. Basic Russian Words for Musical Instruments

Musical instruments also has different pronounciation in every country’s language including Russia. Here are some basic musical instrument words in Russia:

Russian Pronounciation Translation
Гитара gitara guitar
Гианино pianina piano
Барабан baraban drum
Бас-гитара bas-gitara guitar bass
Флейта fleiyta flute
Труба truba trumpet
Скрипка skripka violin
Арфа arfa harp
Бубен bubyen tambourine
Окарина akarina ocarina
Саксофон saksafon saxophone
Аккордеон akkardion accordion
Виолончель vialancyel’ cello
Губная гармоника gubnaya garmanika harmonica
Мелодика meladika melodica
Кларнет klarnyet clarinet
Электрогитара elektrogitara electric guitar
Мандолина mandalina mandolin
Гобой gaboiy oboe

Those are some basic musical instruments names in Russian, if you love music or having a hobby related to music, then you should study well to memorize those musical instruments names.

5. Basic Russian Words for Limbs

Limbs are anatomy of human bodies. It is undeniable that knowing part of limbs are essential for language learners, here are the lists :

Russian Pronounciation Translation
Глава glava head
Волосы valosy hair
Глаз glaz eye
Нос nos nose
Ухо ukha ear
Губа guba lip
Щека syeka cheek
Шея sheya neck
Рука ruka hand
Палец palyets finger
Кость kost’ bone
Кожа kozha skin
Нога noga leg
Желудок zheludak stomach
Плечо plicho shoulder
Ягодица yigoditsa buttock
Пятка pyatka heel
Колено kalyena knee
Подбородок padbarodok chin
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Those are some limbs names in Russian. As human being we often mention parts of our human body intentional or unintentionally in our daily conversation. In that case it should be easily for you to memorize it well ��

From the explanation of basic Russian words for beginners above, we can conclude that there are also common Russian word that can be translated and it can be basic lesson for beginners of language learners. Try to pronounce it and studying over and over again so you can memorize those words. Remember that learning language needs effort and perseverance in order to master the foreign language that you want, try to practice more through conversation from page Common Greetings in Russian as your next step of studying.

Russian Cafes and Restaurants

Editor’s note: The following guest lesson is by Yulia Amlinskaya. She is a Russian language teacher and author of the Russificate, a blog that teaches Russian for students of all levels.

Hi! Today we’ll talk about cafes and restaurants and we’ll learn how to order food. It could be useful for those who are learning Russian or for those who just want to come to Russia as a tourist and go to a restaurant or a cafe.

The most famous cafes and restaurants in Moscow

In just a moment, we are going to take a look at the menus of several restaurants. But first, let’s become familiar with the names and websites of some of the most famous places to dine in Moscow.

Let’s read some menu examples with explanations

Mu-mu Cafe’s menu

Салаты и закуски — Salads and snacks

Amount (grams) Dish name in Russian English translation Price (rubles)
80 гр. Салат из свежих овощей Fresh Vegatable Salad 51,50 р.
120 гр. Салат «Греческий» Greek Salad 57,50 р.
80 гр. Салат из кальмаров Squid Salad 59,50 р.
Amount (grams) Dish name in Russian English translation Price (rubles)
250 гр. Гороховый суп Pea soup 54,50 р.
270 гр. Борщ Beetroot soup 74,50 р.
250 гр. Рассольник Pickled cucumber soup 54,50 р.

Горячие блюда — Hot dishes

Amount (grams) Dish name in Russian English translation Price (rubles)
100 гр. Рыба «Ледяная» Fish «Ledenaya» (Icy) 110 р.
70/75/36 гр. Курица по-мексикански Beetroot soup 76,50 р.
110/36 гр. Бефстроганов из говядины Beef Stroganoff (chopped meat with a sauce) 83,50 р.
Amount (grams) Dish name in Russian English translation Price (rubles)
120 гр. Пюре картофельное Mashed potatoes 42,00 р.
150 гр. Картофель по-домашнему Home-made potatoes (boiled whole potatoes with dill) 42,00 р.
150 гр. Гречневая каша с грибами Grechka (Buckwheat) with mushrooms 42,00 р.
Amount (liter) Dish name in Russian English translation Price (rubles)
0,5 л. «Спрайт», «Фанта», «Швепс» Sprite, Fanta, Schweppes 50 руб.
0,5 л. Чай «Нести» Nestea tea 100 руб.
0,5 л. Вода «Архыз» Still water «Arhyz» 50 руб.
0,5 л. «Пепси» 0,23 л. 100 руб.
0,5 л. «Кока Кола» Coca cola 50 руб.
Amount (grams) Dish name in Russian English translation Price (rubles)
110 г. Пирожное «Черничное» Bilberry pie 139 р.
95 г. Пирожное «Нежный капучино» «Tender Capuchino» pie 139 р.
170 г. Пирожное «Наполеон» «Napoleon» pie (puff pastry with white cream) 139 р.

Vocabulary excercise

Each of the phrases below is pronounced by either a waiter or a customer. Your task is to sort the phrases depending on whether they are said by a waiter or a restaurant customer.

  • Здравствуйте! Курящие или некурящие?
  • Hello! Smokers or non-smokers?
  • Что Вы будете?
  • What would you like to eat?
  • Что-нибудь ещë?
  • Anything else?
  • Девушка! (молодой человек)!
  • Waitress! (Waiter!)
  • Ваш счет, пожалуйста.
  • Here is the bill, please.
  • До свидания.
  • Goodbye.
  • Меню, пожалуйста.
  • Menu, please.
  • Лучше некурящие.
  • Better non-smokers.
  • До свидания. Приходите ещë.
  • Goodbye. Please come again.
  • Принесите, пожалуйста, сахар.
  • Could you bring some more sugar, please?
  • Пожалуйста, апельсиновый сок.
  • An orange juice, please.
  • Мне, пожалуйста, салат «Оливье», борщ и рыбу.
  • For me, an «Olivie» salad, please, a bortsch and fish.
  • А что Вы будете пить?
  • What would you like to drink?
  • Вот Ваша сдача.
  • Your change, please.

Lesson dialogues

Let’s study some dialogues for ordering food in Russian.

Dialogue 1

  • — Здравствуйте!
  • — Здравствуйте, курящие или некурящие?
  • — Некурящие.
  • — Вот здесь столик.
  • — Девушка! Можно меню, пожалуйста.
  • — Да, пожалуйста…
  • — Что Вы будете?
  • — Салат «Греческий», борщ и курицу по-мексикански, пожалуйста.
  • — Что-нибудь еще?
  • — Да, кока-колу, пожалуйста.
  • — Хорошо.
  • — Счëт, пожалуйста.
  • — Вот Ваш счëт.
  • — Спасибо, до свидания!
  • — До свидания! Приходите еще!
  • — Hello!
  • — Hello, smokers or non-smokers?
  • — Non-smokers, please
  • — Here is your table
  • — Waitress! Could I have the menu, please?
  • — Here you are.
  • — What would you like?
  • — Greek salad, bortsch and mexican chicken.
  • — Anything else?
  • — Yes, a cola, please.
  • — Ok.
  • — Could I have the bill, please?
  • — Here you are.
  • — Thanks, bye.
  • — Goodbye. Please come again.

Dialogue 2

  • — Здравствуйте, курящие или некурящие?
  • — Здравствуйте, лучше курящие.
  • — Хорошо. Можете сесть там.
  • — Молодой человек! Меню, пожалуйста.
  • — Пожалуйста.
  • — Что вы будете?
  • — Мне, пожалуйста, салат из кальмаров и бефстроганов.
  • — Что вы будете пить?
  • — Чай и на десерт пирожное «Наполеон»
  • — Хорошо. Что-нибудь ещë?
  • — Нет, спасибо.
  • — Счëт, пожалуйста.
  • — Пожалуйста.
  • — Ваша сдача.
  • — Спасибо. До свидания.
  • — До свидания.
  • Hello, smokers or non-smokers?
  • Hello, better non-smokers
  • Ok, you can sit there.
  • Waiter! Could I have the menu, please?
  • Here you are.
  • What would you like?
  • For me, a squ >Flash required.
  • — Здравствуйте, курящие или некурящие?
  • — Некурящие, пожалуйста.
  • — Вот там ваш столик.
  • — Девушка! Можно меню?
  • — Да, пожалуйста.
  • — Что вы будете?
  • — Рассольник, рыбу, пюре и пепси, пожалуйста.
  • — А на десерт?
  • — Спасибо, ничего.
  • — Счëт, пожалуйста.
  • — Пожалуйста.
  • — Спасибо. До свидания.
  • — Всего хорошего. Приходите еще.
  • — Hello, smokers or non-smokers?
  • — Non-smokers, please.
  • — Your table is there.
  • — Waitress, could I have the menu, please?
  • — Here you are.
  • — What would you like?
  • — A «Rassolnik» soup, a fish, mashed potatoes and a «Pepsi», please.
  • — Any dessert?
  • — Nothing, thanks.
  • — Could I have my bill, please?
  • — Here you are.
  • — Thanks, bye.
  • — All the best. Please come again.

Got questions?

Ask them in the Russian Questions and Answers — a place for students, teachers and native Russian speakers to discuss Russian grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and other aspects of the Russian language.

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