How to use the russian course. Read first

Содержание

Learn Russian

Привет! Меня зовут Майкл! Я дизайнер. А ты?

In this lesson you will learn how to say hello in Russian in different situations. Also you will find a simple guide to professions — masculine, feminine and both.

  • Part 1. Greetings
  • Part 2. Professions

Greetings

Greetings are very important in Russian. Ways of greeting people and introducing oneself vary in different situations. In an official situation, you should only use здравствуйте and вы (the polite, official form of «you»). If the person you are talking to introduces himself or herself using his or her name and patronymic, do your best to pronounce it. That way, you will show your respect to him or her. In an informal situation (provided you are certain that it is informal), you can say ты and use a short form of the name without the patronymic.

  • — Здравствуйте!
  • — Здравствуйте!
  • — Меня зовут Клаус. А как вас зовут?
  • — Меня зовут Пётр Иванович.
  • — Очень приятно.
  • — Мне тоже.
  • — Hello!
  • — Hello!
  • — My name is Claus. What is your name?
  • — My name is Petr Ivanovich.
  • — Pleasure to meet you!
  • — Nice to meet you, too!
  • — Привет!
  • — Привет!
  • — Меня зовут Ирина. А как тебя зовут?
  • — Меня зовут Юра.
  • — Hi!
  • — Hi!
  • — My name is Irina. What’s your name?
  • — My name is Yura.

Formal Situation:

  • Здравствуйте! — Hello!
  • Как вас зовут? — What is your name?
  • Очень приятно! — Pleasure to meet you!
  • До свидания! — Good bye!
  • Вы — You
  • Пётр Иванович — Petr Ivanovich
  • Господин Максим Сергеев — Mr. Maxim Sergeev
  • Госпожа Ирина Смирнова — Mrs. Irina Smirnova
  • Александр

Informal situation:

  • Привет! — Hi!
  • Как тебя зовут? — What is your name?
  • Очень приятно! — Pleasure to meet you!
  • Пока! — Bye!
  • Ты — You
  • Петя — Petya (informal for Petr)
  • Максим
  • Ира — Ira (informal for Irina)
  • Саша — Sasha (informal for Aleksandr)

Задание 1. Слушайте и читайте.

Task 1. Listen to the dialogues and read the texts.

Dialogue 1

  • — Здравствуйте!
  • — Здравствуйте!
  • — Меня зовут Антон.
  • — Меня зовут Наташа.

Dialogue 2

  • — Здравствуйте!
  • — Здравствуйте!
  • — Меня зовут Алексей, а Вас?
  • — Меня зовут Карина.
  • — Очень приятно.

Dialogue 3

  • — Здравствуйте, как Вас зовут?
  • — Здравствуйте! Меня зовут Петя, а Вас?
  • — Очень приятно. Меня зовут Алексей Петрович.
  • — Очень приятно.

Задание 2. Как Вас зовут?

Task 2. Listen, repeat and then introduce yourself in Russian.

Names

Задание 3. Закончите диалоги.

Task 3. Drag the words to complete the texts.

  • — Здравствуйте!
  • — Здравствуйте! . зовут Антон.
  • — . зовут Наташа.
  • — Здравствуйте!
  • — Здравствуйте, . зовут Алексей, а . ?
  • — . зовут Карина.
  • — Очень приятно.
  • — Очень приятно.
  • — Здравствуйте, как . зовут?
  • — Здравствуйте! . зовут Петя. А . ?
  • — Очень приятно. . зовут Алексей Петрович.
  • — Очень приятно.

Professions

Some professions have genders in Russian. For example, a male athlete is спортсмен, while his female counterpart would be спортсменка. The —ка ending is used for specific types of female sports professionals as well. While specfic types of musicians follow this —ка ending rule for women, a major exception is the word musician itself—where either a man or woman of this profession would be known as музыкант. Office, public and social professions are gender—universal today (he/she директор, кассир, профессор). See the grammar table «Professions» to learn the Russian words for basic professions.

Professions

Задание 4. Какая профессия?

Task 4. Match the words to the pictures. Use your mouse to drag the words.

  • Преподаватель
  • Врач
  • Менеджер
  • Актёр
  • Журналист
  • Актриса
  • Журналистка
  • Спортсмен
  • Спортсменка
  • Секретарь

Personal Pronouns

Задание 5. «Он» или «она»?

Task 5. Drag the words to the table according to their gender.

  • Актриса
  • Журналистка
  • Доктор
  • Политик
  • Менеджер
В школе этого не расскажут:  Спряжение глагола pyrograver во французском языке.

Задание 6. Напишите профессии.

Task 6. Look at the pictures and write the professions according to their gender. Use the on-screen keyboard.

Russian course for beginners

Russian course for beginners starts every month. You will learn to read and write in 1 week. This classes will help you to learn how to talk in Russian, feel yourself confident in daily communication and daily life. You will start learning to speak and understand Russian.

from 165€
per week

  • +7 (495) 761-93-78
  • centre@mgu-russian.com
  • mgu-russian

Sign up

How you enrol

  • File an application.
  • Take a test.
  • You will be enrolled in the relevant group.


Register

How you learn

Swift and smooth improvements in a comfortable and supportive environment of group lessons of Russian language. Each group is composed of the students with similar level of language proficiency. You won’t be bored or kept silent due to the different levels of knowledge of other students. On the contrary, a group of peers will give you the grounds for your skills development, efficient communication and feedback.

Group lessons are mainly about communication, knowledge exchange and constant networking.

Learn Russian Reading

Improving Your Language

Reading in Russian

22 November, 2020

Reading in Russian: Where to Start

In today’s classes, the topic of reading in Russian came up. Most teachers would agree that reading is the best way to consolidate the grammar and vocab that you’ve learnt, but this shouldn’t be restricted to reading texts and hand-outs from your teachers. To get a real feel for the language, it is important to read additional material that pushes you and allows you to get used to the way Russian is written; after all, to make your Russian sound the most fluent possible, it is important that you use Russian syntax and constructions rather than simply relaying your mother tongue with Russian words and grammar. However, reading beyond your textbook can seem daunting and it can be hard to pick the right texts for your level. But no fear, Ellie is here, and I’ve put together some top tips to help you find the best way to up your Russian through reading.

1. Read something that interests you!

If you are not interested in what you are reading, then you’d most likely struggle to get to the end of the text in your own language, let alone in a language you are just learning. Make sure that you’ve picked something that you know you would enjoy no matter what, so that the only obstacle ahead is Russian. That means picking genres that you find the most enjoyable and themes that you can relate to, but it is also a question of text type and length. If you know you hate to read anything longer than a novella, then why would it be any different in Russian? Be sensible and pragmatic in your choice of text. After all, the challenge of running a marathon is halved if you enjoy running to begin with, and the same applies here.

2. Pick works and authors to suit your level

As much as we all want to say we’ve read Crime and Punishment in Russian, be realistic. If this book is a challenge in your native language, chances are you need to have a lot of Russian under your belt to get to grips with it in the original. However some classics are a lot easier. Chekhov (Чехов), for example, is generally known for writing relatively simply – though the flip side is that there will probably be a lot of unknown vocab. However, wonderful literature is not limited to the age of Chekhov and Co.; Soviet literature is also amazing and makes for fascinating reads. For me, Soviet literature is a second golden age in the Russian canon, especially when it comes to satirical pieces. Try authors like Sergei Dovlatov (Сергей Довлатов) and Mikhail Zoshchenko (Михайл Зощенко), whose works are interesting and relatively simple as well as being not too long.

3. Don’t limit yourself to novels!

In spite of the above recommendations, that doesn’t mean you have to read only long works of literature. In fact, many Soviet authors wrote rasskazy (рассказы) or short stories first and foremost, including both Dovlatov and Zoshchenko. But if literature isn’t your thing or still seems rather daunting, then good magazines can be an alternative. I, for example, read history or biography magazines, as they are somewhere in-between journalistic and literary styles. They tell stories, but based on facts and so may appeal more to those of a real-life disposition. Furthermore, articles are never more than a few pages long! Just be careful to avoid more gossip-style magazines and the like, as they may use a more informal style and therefore be misguiding for those learning Russian as a foreign language.

4. Translated works maybe help

Sometimes reading a book or novella in Russian that you’ve read in your own language can aid understanding, so you can concentrate on language learning and not story-following. For example, no matter how many invented terms are in Harry Potter, I know the first book inside out, so it is always a super simple book for me to start with in foreign languages. Choosing something you are familiar with may also help you to know whether the language used is simple or not. Another way of preventing massive comprehension issues is to pick a story you know well from a film. For example, I recently read the Russian translation of Neil Gaiman’s Coraline. I know the story from the film and therefore, despite never having read the book in English, I found reading it relatively simple, whilst still learning new words and getting used to how Russian is constructed, helping me to avoid anglicisms in my own Russian.

В школе этого не расскажут:  Лингво казусы

5. K >Despite me reading Coraline and finding it simple, that does not mean that all children’s literature is. Remember the books you read as a child? How many of them were set in fantasy worlds with mythical creatures and terms made up by the author? How many of them use dramatic language and require a lot of imagination to picture the scene? A fair few, I am sure. So unless you know the story well, I would perhaps stick to more contemporary and realistic works. One of the biggest myths is that fairy tales for children are simple: they may seem so in our own language because we had them read to us from a young age, but they often contain archaisms and are not particularly useful for practical language learning.

6. Don’t be afra > Dual language books – such as my one in Russian and French – are great language tools.

My biggest piece of advice is to go forth and read! There is something for everyone on the world’s bookshelves and in Russian language too. You just have to take the time to find it. Ask your Russian teacher what they would recommend, as they know your level and know what is out there. Ask Russian friends with similar interests for their ideas too: perhaps they could recommend magazines with interesting articles in good Russian or an author they think you would enjoy. Try sites such as Ozon.ru and Amazon.com to find a wider range of works, including many dual-language books that mean you don’t have to thumb through the dictionary for new words as they are written right there. And lastly, do not give up! Reading is great for maintaining a healthy mind in your mother tongue and for developing skills in your second language. Even if for the first part of a text you feel like you’re looking up a lot of words, don’t lose hope – a few pages in and you’ll be able to read more freely and will know enough context to work the words out so as to focus on constructions and grammar.

So go and get a nice, hot cuppa and sit down with some Russian reading. It sounds like the perfect way to spend a chilly winter evening if you ask me!

Ellie, currently studying Russian at Liden & Denz Moscow

Posted by Ellie

Hi there! I am a Modern Languages graduate from the UK, spending some time in Moscow to get some work experience, practice my Russian and enjoy the city! I hope you enjoy the blog.

Learn Russian Online

Enjoy hundreds of Russian language lessons online. With Busuu, learning a language is simple, fun and effective.

Busuu offers you the best way to learn Russian

Learn to speak Russian

Learn to speak Russian with a combination of our AI powered pronunciation exercises and dialogues made by our language experts. At Busuu, we know that just 10 minutes a day is enough to make big strides in learning a new language.

Complete Russian language course

We have over 60 units in our online Russian course. Choose the topics you’re most interested in, whether it’s culture, food or travel. No matter what your goals are and why you want to learn Russian, we’ve got some simple and fun lessons for you!

What others think of Busuu

Busuu has helped me to connect with my whole family. Thank you!

Daniel Hunt, New York, USA

I feel like I’m really learning. And you get corrected by other learners really fast too.

Isabel Flores, Madrid, Spain

How can I motivate myself to learn Russian?

Join our Community

Learning Russian on your own can be challenging, hence we’ve created an online community to keep you on track. Write, speak and connect with Russian native speakers from our community.

Try our Vocabulary Trainer

How many words can you learn in one week? Challenge yourself and use our Vocabulary Trainer feature to help you memorise the new words you’ve just learnt.

Track your Fluency Score

Track your progress and see your fluency score improve over time. Don’t worry if you miss a day, we’ll keep you on track and motivated with a series of fun exercises.

What you will achieve with our course

For an English speaker, Russian can seem like a difficult language to learn, but with challenge comes opportunity. Learn how to read and write Russian using the Cyrillic alphabet with Busuu. Once you know the basics of the Russian language, you’ll finally be able to say “Я люблю тебя (I love you)» with a perfect accent. Remember that learning a language is a challenge and a long term goal. We’re here to help you reach that dream faster and easier. It doesn’t happen overnight, but once you know a language, you know it for life!

Whether you’re visiting Moscow, travelling through Russia, building up your career, or learning Russian to better understand its history and culture, we’ve got you covered! Our lessons range from beginner to upper intermediate levels; you can start from any lesson or level. Start by learning how to say “how are you” and “thank you” in Russian, and by the end of our course you’ll be able to tell a local about your interests and hobbies, and share your opinions on a variety of topics.

Example topics in our course

  • Beginner A1: Greeting people, jobs, numbers, colours, objects, food & drinks and basic grammar
  • Elementary A2: Conversations, shopping, eating out, travel and asking for directions
  • Intermediate B1: Job interviews, holidays, dating, culture, news and sharing opinions
  • Upper Intermediate B2: Religion, entertainment, world news and media

Russian for Travel course

If you’re planning to travel to Russia soon and don’t have time to complete the full course, we also offer a Russian for Travel course that will teach you some survival phrases to help you get around. Learn how to ask for directions, buy tickets and get recommendations from locals.

В школе этого не расскажут:  Глаголы иврита, изучаемые на третьем этапе. Биньян паъал, часть 2

Getting started learning the Russian language

The key to learning any language is to immerse yourself in the language. Try to study a little each day if possible. Even if you only review one or two words a day. If you are keen to get started you can go straight to Lesson 1. On this page you will find some tips that will help you to learn Russian.

What We Offer

1 — Free Lessons with Audio. Begin with Lesson 1.

2 — Free videos to help you learn. Visit us on YouTube. Make sure that you subscribe!

3 — Free Russian Grammar Reference.

4 — A Facebook page to help you keep up-to-date with our site.

5 — Forums to help you learn and discuss Russian.

An much more, make sure that you look around! Everything is free!

About The Russian Language

Some people say that the Russian language can be hard to learn. This is not really true, learning Russian is no harder than learning other languages. The main difficulty for a lot of people is learning the new grammar structure. If you have learnt other languages before you will already be familiar with some of these grammar concepts, such as gender and cases.

In fact, there are many things that make Russian easier to learn than other languages. The key is to use these things to your advantage. Here are some things that make Russian easier.

1. Once you learn the alphabet, you can pronounce almost all words quite accurately. With Russian the pronunciation is normally quite clear from the written form of the word.

2. Russian does not use complicated sentence structures like English. You can normally say exactly what you want with just a few words. For example, in English to be polite we would say something like “can you please pass me the salt”, however in Russian they would say something simpler like “give salt please”. Speaking so directly may even feel unusual for an English speaker, however it is perfectly normal, just add the word ‘please’ to be polite. This makes it easy to say what you want in Russian, and it will probably be correct. Less words also makes listening to people easier, as you can just pick out the important words.

3. Russian uses the case system. Instead of having a strict sentence word order like in English, you just need to change the ends of the nouns. This makes Russian a very expressive language, because you can emphasise a point by changing the order of the words in a sentence. It also helps you understand what people are trying to say.

4. Russian does not use articles. (Like “a” and “the”)

5. Russian has fewer tenses than English. Russian does not bother with the difference between “I was running”, “I had been running”, etc.

Tips to help you learn Russian

We recommend that you try and immerse yourself in the language. Bookmark this site, and take a new lesson whenever possible. Here are some more ideas that might help you learn.

1. You should practice writing and speaking Russian. Even if you are only speaking to yourself. It will help it to stay in your memory.

2. After you have done a lesson, review it that night. If you review something on the same day, you are more likely to remember it. Particularly if you do it before you go to sleep.

3. Through-out the day, when you say something in English, try to think how you would say it in Russian.

4. Try printing out lessons and putting them in places where you will see them, for example in the toilet, in the shower (where it won’t get wet), or at your desk at work.

5. Keep your lesson notes with you. Review them whenever you are bored or waiting for something. For example on a train, or in someone’s car. You could even try making small flash-cards with a Russian word on one side, and the English on the other. Keep them in your pocket, and test yourself on a few words whenever you get the chance.

6. It is important to learn a word or phrase from ‘Russian to English’ as well as ‘English to Russian’. That way you will remember how to say it, not just recognise it when you hear it.

7. Most importantly, when you get the chance: Practice! Never be afraid to make mistakes. Everyone does! The people who make the most mistakes learn the most. Always try to explain what you want, even if it takes time. Even seek out Russians who can’t speak English and try to speak to them. You may not have the chance to practice at home, so if you travel to Russia practice as much as you can.

8. Join our forums section and practice writing things in Russian. To learn Russian you must practice. In particular you must practice writing and speaking, so that you learn to express yourself. Otherwise only your reading will improve. You must write and speak!

If you would like to read a little more about the Russian language then you can have a look at one of our advanced lessons where the Russian language is discussed by a native Russian speaker. But don’t worry it’s also translated to English. You could also click the play button to listen to how it sounds. When you are ready to start learning Russian simply return to lesson 1. (Link: Article: The Russian Language)

A Comprehensive Russian Grammar — A great reference on Russian grammar.

The Big Silver Book of Russian Verbs — A great reference book of conjugated Russian verbs.

Russian Learners’ Dictionary: 10,000 Russian Words in Frequency Order — A simple but powerful concept. Expand your vocabulary by learning the most used words first.

Понравилась статья? Поделиться с друзьями:
Изучение языков в домашних условиях