Family relations

—> Я и Английский! —>

Families come in all shapes and sizes nowadays. At present more and more families are divorced and then they remarry. That’s why more children have step-brothers, step-sisters, half-brothers and half-sisters. No wonder that there can be some problems in the family relations. Members of many families suffer from misunderstanding because there is a great difference in their tastes and opinions. Besides, children don’t like it when there is too much control from their parents because they want to solve their problems independently. On the other hand, if the members of the family love each other there can be no or little argument and the family lives happily.

Some families have only one child nowadays and others have two, three or even more children. In my opinion, both kinds of families have some advantages and disadvantages. On the other hand, if you are an only child in a family, you don’t have to share your room with anybody else. What is more, your parents give all their love and care only to you. On the other hand, if you have a brother or a sister, you have some to play with or to talk to, and you’ll never feel bored. Furthermore, if you get into trouble, you have someone to help you or give some advice. As for me, I’m an only child in my family, but I think that having a brother or a sister is an amazing feeling, because you know that you won’t be lonely in any case and you have someone to share your thoughts and feelings.

There are a lot of problems and conflicts that appear between teenagers and their parents because because they don’t understand each other. Generation gap will always exist not only because teenagers and their parents enjoy listening to different kinds of music. A lot of things are different: tastes, manners, behaviour and the stuff like that. Some parents don’t want to understand modern views, ideals and system of values so teens are afraid to tell them about their private life. Another reason for the generation gap, in my opinion, is that parents want their children to be clever and learn harder. They are always nagging when their children do badly at school. They make teens do their homework, though sometimes it is unnecessary. Parents don’t want to understand that there can be more important things than good marks in the school-leaving certificate. I believe it is necessary to bridge the generation gap and the only way to do it is for parents and children to speak frankly to each other and try to come to an agreement.

As for me, although I’m an only child, I don’t feel lonely because my parents always love and take care of me. What is more, we often discuss my problems together. Of course, sometimes I have arguments with my family but despite all our disagreements we always help each other. Everyone in my family is my best friend and I love my family very much.

  1. Why are family relations so important for us?
  2. How many children would you like to have in the future? Why?
  3. Do you have any problems in your family? Why?
  4. Do your relatives help you to solve your problems?
  5. Do you always follow your parents’ advice? Why?

Family relations

Family relations. The word «family» is associated with warm tender relations between members of the family. A consideration (уважение) fortress (крепость) of such relations became possible when people in the family do many things together, overcome troubles and live friendly. Love gives a feeling of happiness. But nowadays young people think that family cannot be based only on love and. Читать ещё >

Family relations (реферат, курсовая, диплом, контрольная)

Family relations

The word «family» is associated with warm tender relations between members of the family. A consideration (уважение) fortress (крепость) of such relations became possible when people in the family do many things together, overcome troubles and live friendly. Love gives a feeling of happiness.

Children should love, respect and obey (слушаться) their parents. Their parents should also remember that role of family in the children’s personality formation is exceptional; no other social institution can substitute it. The erosion of family relations inevitably (неизбежно) leads to the deformation in the normal children’s development. Clever and understanding parents always should be ready to help their children and find the way out.

Housework may take a great deal of people’s time. But if all members of the family help each other, have their special duties, keeping house won’t be so difficult. To create a happy family is a difficult task, but everything depends on ourselves. Family will be happy only when everyone will think about the happiness of the others.

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Family relationships

Family relationships are the bonds between family members. There are special interactions for individual family members beginning with The Sims 2.

The Sims Edit

The family relationships in The Sims are very simple. Two Sims are either members of the same family, or they aren’t, and all Sims who live in the same house are considered part of the same family. Even when two Sims marry, what makes them part of the same family is that one moves in with the other. That the two Sims are married is not recorded.

The parent-child relationship does exist, but is not recorded as such. It only exists while the child remains a child. Using the «Age of Instant» charm [ TS:MM ] or a third-party program to turn a child into an adult will break the parent-child relationship.

Likewise, sibling relationships are not recorded as such. Children living in the same house are considered to be siblings, but if one or more of them is turned into an adult, that relationship will not persist.

Of course, players can define two adults as parent and child, or as siblings, and play them as such, but the game itself will not define any relationship between them.

The Sims 2 Edit

The family relationships in The Sims 2 are more complex than in The Sims. Since family trees were a new addition to The Sims 2, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews, siblings, and cousins now exist.

List of Family Relationships in The Sims 2:

  • Grandparent
  • Grandchild
  • Aunt/Uncle
  • Niece/Nephew
  • Grandaunt/Granduncle
  • Grandniece/Grandnephew
  • Parent
  • Child
  • Sibling
  • Cousin

Life-extending items such as the Elixir of Life and the Cowplant, or resurrection can allow a Sim to live long enough to be a great-grandparent. However, great-grandparents and great-grandchildren who are alive at the same time will not be shown as related in the relationship panel.

Children and younger Sims taken away by the social worker but later adopted by other households will still be known to their old households. However, any traces of their family relationships will be erased except for the memory that a family member was taken away (which makes them ineligible for adoption).

Family Interactions Edit

In The Sims 2, Sims have interactions that can only be performed with family members.

  • Encourage: Using this interaction, a Sim can encourage a younger Sim’s behavior and gradually change their personality. For example, if an older family member encourages niceness often enough, the younger will eventually be kinder to people.
  • Family Kiss: Two blood-related or unrelated (somebody who has moved in to join the family but has no relations to any of the family members blood-wise (although they could be a pre-existing Sim’s love interest)) family members can give each other a family kiss. If a child Sim kisses another family member they will wipe their own lips with their arm afterward. If a Sim has made their spouse furious at them (e.g. from cheating or arguing), the only kiss they can perform is family kiss (if any).
  • Babies: If an infant Sim exists in the family, a related Sim can cuddle and play with them. If an unrelated Sim exists on the lot they cannot perform «cuddle» or «play with». They can only «change diaper», «let [sim name] out» and «get bottle for [sim name]».

The Sims 3 Edit

The overall family relationships in The Sims 3 are very similar to the ones in The Sims 2. A new addition to the family relationships are in-laws, and step-family members.

In The Sims 3, Sims do not have interactions that can only be performed with family members, with the exception of babies as in The Sims 2.

  • In The Sims 3, family relationships always show up in the relationship bar, but a Sim’s relationship with a family member depends solely on their interactions with said family member (no added instant bonus for being related, except when living together there is more time to talk with one another).
  • Also Sims with the Family-Orientedtrait do have an easier time teaching toddlers to walk, talk and potty training them. They also have the option to hug, praise and encourage to build skills more often than other Sims.

List of Family Relationships in The Sims 3:

  • Great-Grandparent
  • Great-Grandchild
  • Grandparent
  • Grandchild
  • Aunt/Uncle (Relationships for Grand Aunt/Uncle don’t show)
  • Niece/Nephew (Relationships for Grand Niece/Nephew don’t show)
  • Parent
  • Child
  • Sibling
  • Cousin (first cousins only)
  • Parent-In-Law
  • Child-In-Law
  • Sibling-In-Law
  • Step-Parent
  • Step-Child
  • Step-Sibling
  • Half-Sibling
  • Descendant (Into The Future expansion pack only) — not shown in the base game’s family tree and list of descendants can change depending on what is happening to a Sim’s ‘present’ life

The Sims 4 Edit

Relationships in The Sims 4 function similarly to those in The Sims 3. The Genealogy tree wasn’t present in the base game, but was re-added in Patch 12.

List of family relations in The Sims 4

  • Ancestor
  • Great-Grandparent
  • Great-Grandchild
  • Grandparent
  • Grandchild
  • Aunt/Uncle (the siblings-in-law of a Sim’s parents are not counted)
  • Niece/Nephew
  • Parent
  • Child
  • Sibling (labels half siblings as just ‘brother’ or ‘sister’)
  • Cousin (first cousins only)
  • Step-Parent
  • Step-Child
  • Step-Sibling
  • Descendant

This section is in need of additional information. You can help The Sims Wiki by expanding this section.

Conflicts in family titles Edit

At times, Sims who do not stay loyal to their spouse or commit somewhat incestuous acts by marrying relatives often create conflicts when it comes to labeling family relationships. Below are some of the examples:

  • If a man has kids with two women who happen to be sisters, his two children will be both half-siblings and first cousins. In real life, aforementioned children in this situation would be labeled «three-quarter siblings», but that kind of serious coding would be too deep and potentially affect other things.
  • Because The Sims 3 only recognizes the first cousins (the children of a Sim’s parent’s sibling) and is only considered an Aunt/Uncle if she/he is the sister/brother of the Sim’s parent, therefore, it is possible for a Sim to marry their parents’ first cousins. The Sim’s parent will originally see their cousin as «Cousin» but will see them as «Daughter/Son-In-Law», regardless of their age.
  • Excessively adulterous Sims can have as many children as they want. Because they are only related through one parent, half-siblings can marry their half-siblings’ other parent. This will consider them as both half-sibling and step-parent. A step-child is only labeled as one if one of his/her parents marries another spouse. Therefore, if his/her biological parent dies, she/he can opt to marry his former-step parent and have children with him/her. If they have children, their child will be the half-sibling/nephew/niece of any child the former-step parent and his/her former spouse have.
  • Uncommited male and female Sims have a child but the female has another child with the male Sim’s son and subsequently marries him. The male’s Sim son is the half-brother/step-father of the first child while the second child is the half-sibling/niece/nephew of the first child.
  • If two female Sims marry each other’s fathers, they will be recognized as each other’s step-mother, and the husbands as father-in-law to each other. Likewise, their children recognize each other as their aunt/uncle, although they recognize each other as niece/nephew in The Sims 4.
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Family and Relationships / Лексика на английском языке с транскрипцией по теме: Семья и родственники

Семья — это люди, объединённые семейными узами или браком, живущие вместе. Так же семья это величайшая ценность в жизни большинства людей.

family [ˈfæmɪlɪ] — семья;
relative [ˈrelətɪv] — родственник.

nuclear family [ˈnjuːklɪə(r)ˈfæmɪlɪ] — основная семья, малая семья ;
parents — родители;
mother [‘mʌðə] — мать;
father [‘fɑːðə] — отец;
children (мн. child) — дети;
daughter [‘dɔːtə] — дочь;
son [sʌn] — сын;
sister [‘sɪstə] — сестра;
brother [‘brʌðə] — брат.
siblings [ˈsɪblɪŋ] — дети одних родителей.
twins — близнецы, двойня;
twin-brother — брат-близнец;
twin-sister — сестра-близнец;

extended family [ɪkˈstendˈfæmɪlɪ] — расширенная семья ;
grandparents — дедушка и бабушка;
grandfather [‘græn(d)ˌfɑːðə] — дедушка;
grandmother [‘græn(d)ˌmʌðə] — бабушка;
grandchild (мн. grandchildren) — внук, внучка (внуки);
grandson [‘græn(d)ˌsʌn] — внук;
granddaughter [‘græn(d)ˌ’dɔːtə] — внучка;
great-grandchildren — правнуки;
great-grandson — правнук;
great-granddaughter — правнучка.

aunt [ɑːnt] — тетя;
uncle [‘ʌŋkl] — дядя;
niece [niːs]- племянница;
nephew [‘nefjuː] — племянник;
cousin [ˈkʌz(ə)n] — двоюродный брат / сестра;
second cousin [ˈsekəndˈkʌz(ə)n] — троюродный брат / сестра.

father-in-law — свекор, тесть;
mother-in-law — свекровь, теща;
son-in-law — муж дочери, зять;
daughter-in-law — жена сына, невестка, сноха.

step-father — отчим;
step-mother — мачеха;
step-son — приемный сын;
step-daughter — падчерица.

wife [waɪf] — жена;
husband [ˈhʌzbənd] — муж;
widow [ˈwɪdəʊ] — вдова;
widower [ˈwɪdəʊə(r)] — вдовец;
spouse [spaʊs] — супруг(а);
engagement [ɪnˈɡeɪdʒmənt] — помолвка;
wedding [ˈwedɪŋ] — свадьба;
marriage [ˈmærɪdʒ] — брак;
fiancé [fɪˈɒnseɪ] — жених (после помолвки);
fiancée [fɪˈɒnseɪ] — невеста (после помолвки);
groom [ɡruːm] — жених (на свадьбе);
bride [braɪd] — невеста (на свадьбе);
married [ˈmærɪd] — женат / замужем;
engaged — помолвлен(а);
single [ˈsɪŋɡ(ə)l] — холост / не замужем;
divorced — разведен(а).

ex-wife – бывшая жена;
ex-husband – бывший муж;
stepmother – мачеха;
stepfather – отчим;
stepson – пасынок;
stepdaughter – падчерица;
stepbrother – сводный брат;
stepsister – сводная сестра.

Family Relationships – Importance and How to Build Healthy Relationships

In this Article

Healthy family relationships can foster a feeling of love and security in all family members. It can be one of the greatest boons parents can give to their children – a nurturing and caring environment which helps them grow into well-balanced, happy and successful adults. As life turns full circle, kids often have the chance to repay the gift by taking care of their ageing parents. Communication, quality time, appreciation, treating one another with respect, and teamwork are some of the essentials in building a strong and supportive family unit.

Importance of Maintaining Healthy Family Relationships

The importance of a good relationship with family is unparalleled. Being part of a warm and caring family is in itself a great feeling. Forging stronger and deeper family ties is necessary for the following reasons:

Characteristics of a Strong Family

Lack of unity or cohesiveness can break any family. A strong family can withstand all adversities. Some of the characteristics of a strong family are:

1. Communication

Good communication is crucial for any healthy relationship as it makes it easier to resolve conflicts and build strong connections. Families should indulge in communicating with honesty and with openness. They should listen to one another with the aim of understanding, which can help promote empathy.

2. Togetherness

Families that share similar beliefs and values cam develop a great bond as it supports in creating a sense of intimacy and belonging. It can generate an environment of security and closeness which can become a source of strength in times of difficulties. It can also help in founding a reliable support system where members of the family are truly devoted to each other.

3. Affection

Stable families don’t shy away from showing care and affection through hugs, kisses, words, and acts of thoughtfulness. An individual’s opinion or idea is respected and valued which can help relationships to flourish and grow. Sharing of positive feelings like appreciation and admiration for each other can assist in setting up a bond of inseparability.

4. Sharing Activities

Close families regularly share life experiences which help bring family members closer. It can facilitate a commitment of spending time together, engaging in activities that the family enjoy doing, like playing games, reading, sports, and camping.

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5. Commitment

Close-knit families follow the norm, ‘family always comes first’. No amount of trials or difficulties can shake the unwavering faith that they have in each other. This constant dedication towards each other helps them sail through both bad and worse times. The hard times motivate them to get together to find solutions and correct problems.

6. Support

Healthy families are there for each other through thick and thin. They refuse to give up on one another when situations become unpleasant. Their associations are not subject to changing circumstances. No matter what, they stay together and support every family member providing the reassurance which may help overcome the adverse conditions.

7. Acceptance

Successful families have mutual respect for each other. They understand each other’s unique qualities and accept each other’s flaws. They avoid passing judgements or negative remarks. Such an attitude can inspire family members to conduct themselves in a positive way infusing each other with confidence and self-worth.

8. Boundaries

Members of good families create healthy boundaries and refrain from intruding in each other’s personal space. They respect boundaries which can help every individual enjoy better security and closeness.

9. Spiritual Devotion

Families are stronger when members are hitched together as one owing to their shared affiliation with God. A shared commitment to God’s word can provide families with a sense of meaning and purpose in life which can propel them to stay together. They can achieve the right perspective of life’s struggles and challenges. It can give them guidelines for living which can contribute to fashioning a positive household.

How to Build Healthy and Strong Family Relationships

Some helpful ways of building healthy and strong family relationships include:

1. Make Relationships Top Priority

Setting aside some quality time for the family without distractions like television or phones can help convey the message that family is important and takes precedence over everything else. Doing simple things together like eating meals, cooking, playing games, singing songs, and reading stories can develop a deep bond among family members. You can let the children lead the way in coming up with fun family activities to make them feel special.

2. Celebrate Little Moments

Most families make it a point to celebrate important milestones, birthdays and anniversaries. But try and make happy events out of day-to-day things like siblings sharing toys and playing together, virtuous behaviour, kids following routines, speaking courteously, a show of good manners. Seize opportunities to have a good time with the family so that you can build a bank of happy memories.

3. Shower Affection

Physical demonstration of love and affection is essential. Be generous in giving hugs and kisses. Even little gestures like a high-five, an encouraging wink, pat on the back, showing a thumbs-up confirms that you care which may help augment closeness and trust in relationships. Say ‘I love you’ as often as you can especially in upsetting instances. It may not only make members feel special but can also assist in moulding a warm and caring home atmosphere.

4. Communicate Effectively

Sound communication implies that every family member has a say in family matters. Effective communication can help members feel supported and understood. Talking openly and listening sympathetically can aid in forming unbreakable emotional ties. Speaking with respect, minding the tone and being considerate while sharing information can become the basis of positive communication.

5. Acknowledge Feelings

It is useful to take note of subtle signs like expressions, body language to identify emotions, as they can promote suitable and compassionate responses. Being thoughtful of every member’s feelings and tuning into their behaviour can enable caring relationships. Allowing them to express their needs and frustration, and listening with feeling can work as therapy and healing. It can also work well in coming up with cooperative solutions for problems.

6. Model Behaviour

Parents need to set examples and display the importance of harmonious family relationships by their actions and behaviour. Kids learn by watching their parents. The way parents communicate, handle crisis, deal with conflicts and clash of interests can set the benchmark for righteous conduct in the family. Therefore, parents should be mindful of their mannerisms and focus on employing caring responses to foster healthy family relationships.

7. Work As a Team

Families should discuss every individual’s concerns and work together to find solutions. Even while planning outings or fun activities, family discussions ought to be the way. Discussing things can help a family emerge with creative solutions. Moreover, family discussions can be used to determine everyone’s role and responsibility and to build trust by respecting every member’s views. Working collectively as a team produces a feeling of belonging and importance, thereby strengthening family bonds.

8. Extending Unconditional Support

Being supportive of all family members can reinforce togetherness. When a family adopts the caring approach and avoids the tendency to blame and find faults with each other, it may stand to gain immensely. Different members can have varying needs which may cause stress and struggle. But in such times, providing them with comfort and love, checking in regularly, sharing their worries, offering whatever support possible can prove beneficial in fortifying relationships.

Family relationships can be rewarding through committed and purposeful investment. A healthy family is a productive relationship which is essential for our very survival and success.

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