Fahrenheit 451° — тема топик по английскому языку

Топик по английскому: Fahrenheit 451 compared to the movie The Power of One

Fahrenheit 451 compared to the movie The Power of One

«So it was the hand that started it all … His hands had been infected, and soon it would be his arms … His hands were ravenous.» Montag had just stolen a book. It was something that he believed had to be done in order to change the world and make it better. His idea had started in his head and then went to his heart. This is what caused his hand to grab the book without him telling it to. Montag, Faber, Granger, and Peekay have affected their society in many ways. They took something that they strongly believed in, or something they felt should be changed, and went after it until they had succeeded greatly and had gotten what they wanted out of it.

«Do you know why books such as this are so important? Because they have quality. And what does the word quality mean? To me it means texture. This book has pores.» Faber says this to Montag towards the beginning of part two in the book Fahrenheit 451. He was trying to explain to Montag that it was not books he was looking for; it was the meaning they hold. The society in the book Fahrenheit 451 is very messed up. They are not allowed to think freely. They never have the chance to. An example of this is when Montag was on the train, trying to read a book. But he couldn’t because the speaker kept on repeating «Denham’s Dentriface» and other advertisements. This made Montag very mad because he couldn’t understand the book as it is, and the speaker was interrupting his thoughts. Another thing is that the people have no feelings, and they don’t care about other people. For example Mrs. Phelps, who is one of Mildred’s friends, doesn’t even care that her third husband had been sent off to war. And that when he left, he said to her go find someone else and marry him if I die. It seemed as if Mrs. Phelps didn’t care if her husband would die in the war. And another one of Mildred’s friends, Mrs. Bowles talks about her divorce, how one husband was killed in an accident, one husband committed suicide, and her two kids that hate her terribly as if she didn’t even care. She then talks about the many abortions she has had. And also, how she sends her kids to school and they only come home two days out of a month. And when they are home, she wishes she never had them. So she turns on the TV for them and they just sit there. This makes Montag very mad. In their society they aren’t allowed to look at things closely, or just sit there and do nothing. There is only a minimum speed limit so everyone goes about one hundred miles per hour. The twenty foot billboards are ripped down and two hundred feet ones are put up so that when people drive by so quickly, they could at least glance at them. And most importantly people are not allowed to read books. Their government feels that books only put down people and their beliefs. Books also make people smarter than others, which would be unfair. People should be born different but then made equal to cause no hate. This is why Montag must be a fireman, so he can go around burning down houses that hold books. Soon, there will be no more books left in the world to cause hurt feelings.

Montag, Faber, and Granger tried to change the world. At first Montag went to Faber for help. Together they made up a plan; Montag would go around planting books in firemen’s houses, while Faber started secretly reprinting books. But they never got to finish this plan. Montag then later met Granger, who already had a brilliant plan with many people involved. Spread out all over the world were people who had read one book. Granger then taught them how to use photographic memory so they could remember the book word by word, forever. This plan was great because no one would know that these people had read books because after they read the books, they would burn them so there would be no evidence. Montag was the back up for the book of Ecclesiastes in case the first person keeping it in their memory, died.

South Africa in the 1940’s had a terribly cruel and out of hand apartheid. Some of the things that were going on then were the soldiers were being incredibly vicious. They would beat up on the blacks whenever they felt necessary. They would choke, slap, or hit a black person for no reason at all. And sometimes they would even shoot them. The soldiers believed that everything was their way. So when they asked a black a question, and the black would answer correctly, but it was not what the soldier wanted to hear, the black would be killed. One time, a soldier made a black man eat manure. Peekay believed that the apartheid was unjustly savage and that something needed to be done to stop it.

«First with the head, then with the heart.» If we could hear what was going on inside Peekay’s mind, that quote would be all that we heard. It was given as advice to Peekay from Hoppie Groenewald, Peekay’s boxing teacher. Peekay uses what he calls «the power of one» that comes from deep inside your spirit, which allows you to survive any situation, to help bring the blacks justice. He does this because the blacks are suffering terribly from the oppressive government. Peekay first helped the blacks by becoming their translator. He could understand them because as he was growing up at home, that was the language that his nanny spoke to her son in. This is what made it easier for Peekay to become friends with the blacks. Second, he brought them tobacco. Peekay was able to do this because he was allowed to leave the camp whenever he pleased because he had done nothing to be locked up for. Peekay also taught the blacks music. Doc would play the piano while Peekay arranged the blacks into groups and taught them a song. This made the black people happier and helped them take their minds off of the terrible life they lived inside the camp. The song had a great beat and sounded really cool when they added in the clapping. Peekay also started a school for the blacks. But it had to be kept secret. This was because by law, blacks were not allowed to read or write. But Peekay taught them. And he explained to them that after he taught them everything he knew, they would go off and teach other blacks to read and write. Peekay was a great helper and a friend to the black people.

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Montag, Faber, Granger, and Peekay have inspired me in many ways. First I have learned that if you believe in something, you should follow through with it no matter what the consequences. Just like Montag, Faber, and Granger did to try and get books allowed again. The quote that Peekay used «First with the head, then with the heart» is very inspiring. It tells you to think of something you want in your head and then to follow through with it into your heart and go achieve your goal or desire. I have learned from them that anything is possible as long as you truly believe in yourself and follow through with everything.

“Fahrenheit 451” by Ray Bradbury

The dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451 written by the famous fiction writer Ray Bradbury in 1953 tells the story of a 30-year-old fireman, Guy Montag. In the beginning, he is a loyal servant of a consumerist society that was encumbered by heavy censorship and a pending war. After a sequence of events, he seeks ways to break free of it. Bradbury shows how horrible a society can become when it denies the necessities of imagination and true communication and sticks, instead, to material goods alone (Longman 365).

Montag being a fireman in Bradbury’s novel, however, does not mean extinguishing burning materials, but rather setting things on fire. Mostly, this relates to books, which are prohibited in Montag’s America. As described by Bradbury, firemen serve as a futuristic analogue of the medieval inquisition, which burns books and sometimes their owners as well. Montag never questions the norms adopted by the society in which he lives—he simply does his job.

One evening, as he returns home from work, he suddenly sees a strange girl following him. When they start talking, the fireman notices that this girl, Clarisse, is different from her peers. She asks him questions that make him anxious, and does not behave the way people in his world usually do. Unlike them, she is a romantic, and lonely. As they are saying goodbye, Clarisse asks Montag if he is happy, but he cannot give an unequivocal answer. Montag goes home, opens the door, and in the darkness of his apartment, attempts to deal with a surge of emotions. Suddenly, he comes to the conclusion that his entire life up to this moment was a kind of a mechanical existence.

When Montag goes into his bedroom, he sees his wife Mildred lying unconscious in bed with her eyes wide open. She had swallowed too many sleeping pills, though the story is not clear whether it was on purpose or an accident. During recent years, Montag and Mildred have not been too close, each of them were simply living their own lives. Mildred is completely immersed in sitcoms, which are broadcasted through special “parlor walls” that are three TV-screens that substitute for normal walls. Montag simply goes to work, returns home, and then falls asleep. Despite their marriage having become fiction a long time ago, Montag is still worried about his wife and calls for an ambulance. Bradbury emphasizes that in this world, incidents like this overdose have become so regular that a special machine for rapid blood transfusions has been invented. Handymen, not doctors, equipped with these machines come quickly do their job, and leave. Mildred is saved, but the next morning, when Montag asks her why she took so many pills, she denies that she could perform an act deemed as suicidal. She suggests that perhaps she had had too much to drink at a party last night.

Further communication with Clarisse gradually changes Montag’s outlook. He starts noticing aspects of life he never noticed before, and begins to do simple but spontaneous actions like tasting the rain and laughing. Clarisse tells him about herself and about her visits to a psychiatrist. Bradbury manages to show in a couple of brief words how acts that are perceived as normal by the reader are misperceived as abnormal in Montag’s world of absolute consumerism and shallow entertainment. “The psychiatrist wants to know why I go out and hike around in the forests and watch the birds and collect butterflies,” Clarisse says to Montag (Bradbury 34). When she disappears, her whereabouts are unknown to him for a period of time.

Events start to change even faster when Montag’s fire brigade goes on a call to burn a house where lots of books are being stored. During the search, Montag unexpectedly finds a book and hides it. He hears a noise and goes to see what it is about. An old lady, living in this house, refuses to abandon it. When the firemen threaten to burn down the place, Montag is the only one who asks her to leave. He even tries to take her from the residence, but she only thanks him, stands in a middle of a kitchen doused with kerosene, and strikes a match.

At home, Montag is shocked to find out from Mildred that Clarisse is dead: she has been run down by a speeding car a couple of days ago. After the accident, Clarisse’s family moved. The next day, Montag feels sick. He cannot even make himself get up and go to work, so his fire chief, captain Beatty, comes to visit him. Beatty tells him the story of how firemen started burning materials instead of extinguishing them. He emphasizes the harm books may inflict. According to Beatty, books make people think, and people who think always differ from those who do not. He believes minorities should be merged into one and personal differences must be smoothed. “We must all be alike. Not everyone born free and equal, as the Constitution says, but everyone made equal. Each man is the image of every other; then all are happy, for there are no mountains to make them cower, to judge themselves against. So! A book is a loaded gun in the house next door. Burn it. Take the shot from the weapon. Breach man’s mind. Who knows who might be the target of the well-read man?” Beatty asks (Bradbury 212).

Through Beatty’s words, the reader comes to understand the significant role firemen in this society assume. “They were given the new job, as custodians of our peace of mind, the focus of our understandable and rightful dread of being inferior; official censors, judges, and executors. That’s you, Montag, and that’s me” (Bradbury 213). During this speech, while fixing Montag’s pillow, Mildred finds a book hidden underneath it. She shows it to Beatty, but he says that it is a common happening among firemen to become interested in the materials they usually burn. He gives Montag 24 hours to burn the book or it will be done by the fire department.

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Montag understands what Beatty tried to tell him, but it is too late for him to quit. He thinks books might have the answers that could save this ignorant, apathetic society he lives in—so he starts to look for people who share his new outlook. He suddenly remembers and contacts Faber: an old, former English professor. The fireman gives the professor the book, the New Testament, perhaps the last correct version of it on the entire continent. It contains the actual and undisturbed word of God, not the one where Jesus advertises goods and products. Faber explains to Montag the importance of literature, its role in shaping one’s outlook, and its meaning for humanity. They establish a constant link with the help of a small transmitter, which Montag plugs into his ear. Now he can hear the professor and uses his guidance, and Faber can receive information about what is going on outside his house.

A bit confused by all this new knowledge, Montag returns home where Mildred is hosting guests. Despite Faber’s warnings, Montag makes an attempt to awaken the consciousness of his wife and her friends by reading them some poetry. They understand nothing. The next day, when Montag comes to the firehouse, captain Beatty informs him about an urgent call. Though Montag does not know it, Mildred has informed the firemen that her husband is keeping books at home. The fire brigade drives through the whole city, then finally stops near Montag’s house. Beatty orders Montag to burn the place down with his own hands.

After Montag disobeys, Beatty taunts him. He then discovers the transmitter that Faber gave to Montag. He plans to deal with the professor as well, but Montag suddenly points his flamethrower towards Beatty and pushes the trigger, burning him alive. Montag then fights the firehouse’s mechanical dog: a robot designed to hunt down and kill runaways. Montag burns it with his flamethrower, but before it malfunctions, the hound manages to bite him. In despair, Montag runs to Faber’s place, where they see on TV that Montag has become the target of a manhunt. Another mechanical hound is after him. Bradbury describes how this dramatic, tragic hounding of a man is transformed into another entertainment for this hedonistic, blasé society. Helicopters, with TV-operators on board, fly over the city, providing the middlebrows sitting in front of their monitors a nerve-tickling spectacle.

Faber instructs Montag to run away from the city and seek out a group of enthusiasts, who had quit living in the consumerist society and memorized books, or parts of books, in order to keep them from vanishing. Montag manages to knock the hound of his scent by crossing a river and escapes. Once more Bradbury manages to convey a lot of emotions with only a few words. In order to satisfy the TV-audience, a random victim is chosen instead of Montag. As hundreds of thousands of people all over the country watch, a robot immerses a poisonous needle into the body of an innocent victim.

When Montag finally gets out of the city, jet bombers fly over it and drop atomic bombs, totally destroying the place where Montag has spent his whole life. He is lucky enough to find the people Faber was talking about—a group of exiles led by a man named Granger. Montag finds out every person in the group, in addition to a real name, has the name of a book they have memorized. After they talk and eat, Granger’s group, together with Montag, sets forth toward the ruins of the city to help rebuild a new society.

References:

Longman, Barbara. Dystopian at Its Best. New York: Penguin, 2008. Print.

Bradbury, Ray. Fahrenheit 451. New York: Saddle Brush Press, 2020. Print.

Fahrenheit 451—Background

Published byCurtis Price Modified about 1 year ago

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1 Fahrenheit 451—Background
Set in a dystopian future, Fahrenheit 451 presents a world wherein individuality is seen as dangerous Our protagonist, Guy Montag, is a fireman whose job is to destroy books by burning The government views books and educated people as criminals These people can stir up the population with new ideas These people think outside of what the government views as right Free-thinking individuals are oppressed as law-breakers Fahrenheit 451—Background Written in 1953, Fahrenheit provides a glimpse into the future of a dystopian society. A dystopian society is one that highlights human misery through oppression, disease or overcrowding. In the novel, we see a world wherein the government oppresses literature and free-thinking individuals. For the author, Ray Bradbury, this was meant to be a warning of the dangers of government control and censorship.

2 Fahrenheit 451—Background
In America in the 1950’s, Senator Joseph McCarthy initiated a search for citizens/officials who he viewed as traitors “Our job as Americans and as Republicans is to dislodge the traitors from every place” Although we are protected by the Constitution, this time period in America was marked by fear of communism and government control In this way, we see how the oppression Bradbury spoke of was not that far off Fahrenheit 451—Background Fiction always has a foundation in reality. Although it may seem far- fetched, Bradbury was writing about a topic present in the U.S. In the 1950’s, Americans were experiencing a similar level of oppression from the government in response to McCarthyism. If the government thought you opposed democracy or favored communism, you could be arrested with little or no evidence.

3 Fahrenheit 451—The Hearth and the Salamander
The first part of the novel is entitled, The Hearth and the Salamander Both images stand out symbolically The hearth in a home is the fireplace, tying to the imagery of flames being produced The salamander, a lizard, is mythically referred to as living within fire He can survive the flames Myth due in part to the venom salamanders can secrete Fahrenheit 451 The temperature at which paper burns Symbolism presents the narrative focus in the title Fahrenheit 451—The Hearth and the Salamander Symbolically, the novel is rich in its presentation to the reader. Relating to its content, the title of the novel is the temperature at which paper holds a flame and burns. Immediately, we are given insight into what the novel will have in store for us. We mark it as significant that the title refers to burning and launch into the reading wondering who is burning books and why.

4 Fahrenheit 451—Figurative Language
“It was a pleasure to burn” The opening scene sees Montag at his job, burning books For Montag, the ideaof burning is on level with the highest joy He values himself insofar as he can wield the power to burn and destroy books Montag takes a “special pleasure” in seeing “things eaten” Figurative language brings the action of the scene to life “this great python spitting its kerosene” The hoses he uses take on a life of their own under his control Montag views himself in a high position as he undertakes the task of burning “his hands were the hands of some amazing conductor playing all the symphonies of blazing and burning” Fahrenheit 451—Figurative Language The novel’s opening is rich in figurative language, presenting strong imagery pertaining t0 the main character, Montag. A fireman, Montag’s main role is to burn books, which are seen as offensive and dangerous to the populace. Montag relishes in his job, seen through the presentation of his book- burning in the opening scene.

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5 Fahrenheit 451—Plot “He turned the corner”
The inciting incident in the novel sets the plot in motion We begin to see here how the character will be affected/changed Hereafter, Montag’s emotions begin to change through his interaction with Clarisse In talking with the girl, Montag begins to question his choices in life “Are you happy?” By thinking about his own happiness, Montag is able to reflect on his life “Something lay hidden behind the grill” We are told that Montag is hiding something This section is left purposefully vague As readers, we must draw the conclusion about what he is hiding—and why This conflict will deepen our understanding about Montag As the novel opens, we are engaged by the actions of Montag and his role in society. Soon, his sentiments about his job begin to change through his interaction with a neighbor. What we learn is that Montag is not clearly the character he is portrayed as. There is more to him—more which he is trying to hide for his own safety.

6 Fahrenheit 451—Character
Clarisse describes herself as ‘crazy’ Despite her own feelings, the narrator tells us that she is ‘fragile milk crystal’ We are told through her expression that her face holds ‘a soft and constant light’ The white imagery associated with her shows her to be pure, innocent Montag, on the other hand, as appears as ‘dark’ with a ‘fierce grin’ The contrast of the two characters shows how they will interact The light will illuminate the dark, so to speak Through the pure ‘white’ imagery associated with Clarisse, we know she will impact Montag in some way Her ‘gentle hunger’ and ‘tireless curiosity’ will begin to rub off on him Fahrenheit 451—Character As the text opens, we are introduced to two central characters, Guy Montag and Clarisse McClellan. Character-wise, the two could not be more different. In terms of development, it is this contrast which allows us to learn more about each of them. Notice how both characters are described, both in looks and emotions. These contrasts will begin to play off one another.

7 Fahrenheit 451—Character
“She was an expert at lip-reading . . .” Mildred doesn’t really interact with the outside world She has been so plugged into technology that she can’t be pulled out Her only outlet is watching the ‘parlor walls’ She interacts with the televisions on the walls “It’ll be even more fun when we can afford to have the fourth wall installed” Her only wish in the world is to make wrap herself in the televisions Her reality is one of immersion in technology, not life Fahrenheit 451—Character We are also introduced to Mildred, Montag’s wife. In her introductory scene, she has overdosed on sleeping pills. An eccentric character, Mildred doesn’t really interact with the world around her. She is constantly plugged into her ‘sea-shell ear thimbles’.

8 Fahrenheit 451—Technology
“She had both ears plugged with electronic bees that were humming the hour away” For Bradbury, technology presented as much a distraction as it was an aide Technology is great, but not if we are dependent on it Through Mildred’s actions, we see how too much technology can be a negative aspect of life “If we had a fourth wall, why it’d be just like this room wasn’t ours at all, but all kinds of exotic people’s rooms” Fahrenheit 451—Technology Bradbury presents us with an eerily accurate portrayal of technology usage in the future and the effects it has on society. His view of technology is biting, presenting it as a negative distractor to a world that hungers for more of it. Affecting society, Bradbury speaks of technology as an annoyance, using imagery and figurative language to compare technological advances to pesky insects.

9 Fahrenheit 451—Social Criticism
“You never stop to think what I’ve asked you.” Clarisse makes note of Montag’s strange laughter in conversation Commenting on society’s actions We have mannerisms in conversation, but we never really focus on how to talk to one another We talk to respond, not to listen “Well, after all, this is the age of the disposable tissue” Shockingly, the uncle is referring to how people can often be seen as disposable We don’t take the time to get to know anyone Everyone is just a passing stranger “No one has time any more for anyone else” Fahrenheit 451—Social Criticism As a dystopian work, Fahrenheit presents a world that is trying to be perfect but just misses the mark. In the opening, we see the role of Montag as a fireman—to start fires on illegal books. We know from here that the world we are in is a little off. Throughout the work, Bradbury drops in hints about how he feels towards society and the negative aspects therein. His novel is very much an attempt to get people to think about the world—and maybe to fix the problems we see in it.

Фаренгейт 451 / Fahrenheit 451 (на английском языке)

Автор: Брэдбери Рэй
Опубликовано: Антология
Серия: Английский язык — книги для чтения
ISBN: 5-94962-078-X, 5-94962-078-Х
Количество просмотров: 0

Роман рисует антиутопическое общество будущего, а по сути — нашу реальность, доведенную до абсурда. Это одно из редких научно-фантастических произведений Брэдбери. Очень волнующее, трогательное и, вместе с тем, очень живое и динамичное. Издание на английском языке.

Fahrenheit 451

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451 градус по Фаренгейту. Книга для чтения на английском языке.

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Мнение читателей

Антиутопия – небезызвестный жанр в литературе и в кинематографическом искусстве

Книга написана в 60-х годах XX века, но пассаж про толерантность создает впечатление, что написан он буквально неделю назад

Только ведь эта книга очень умно фантастикой прикидывается

Finally, 451 Fahrenheit has disappointed me a little

Язык автора не самый простой; узнаваем стиль Брэдбери

Может быть, я зря читал её на английском, кое-что проходило мимо моего понимания и приходилось возвращаться, перечитывать с переводом

Меня не покидало чувство, что я читаю последнюю книгу на Земле – не уцелевшую в тех пожарах, а написанную после – нет, не написанную – она просто впитала все соки выживающего из ума мира

Bradbury has stated how television destroys interest in reading, which resulting in lacking of knowledge perception

Да, но я имел в виду, что хотелось прочитать на английском.

Мир, где никто не хочет по-настоящему думать и чувствовать, мир, где книгам нашли замену — бесконечные телесериалы с эффектом присутствия

Книга уже давно куплена , к сожалению не в Лабиринте, прочитана и «гуляет» по друзьм

Мне очень понравилось созданные Бредбери говорящие стены

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