Environmental Protection — тема топик по английскому языку

Topic 9: Environmental protection

Read and translate the text:

The poisoning of the world’s land, air and water is the fastest spreading disease of civilization. It probably produces fewer headlines than wars, earthquakes and floods, but it is potentially one of history’s greatest dangers to human life on the earth. If present trends continue for the next several decades, our planet will become uninhabitable.

Overpopulation, pollution and energy consumption have created such planet-wide problems as massive deformation, ozone depletion, acid rains and global warming that is believed to be caused by the greenhouse effect.

The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The Mediterranean is already nearly dead, the North Sea is following. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas.

Every ten minutes one kind of animal, plain or insect dies out for ever. If nothing is done about it, million species which are alive today will have become extinct twenty years from now.

Air pollution is a very serious problem. In Cairo just breathing the air is life threatening — equivalent to smoking two packs of cigarettes a day. The same holds true for Mexico City and 600 cities of the former Soviet Union.

Industrial enterprises emit tons of harmful substances. These emissions have disastrous consequences for our planet. They are the main reason for the greenhouse effect and acid rains.

An even greater environmental problem are not somebody else’s. They join and support various international organizations and green parties. If governments wake up what is happening — perhaps we’ll be able to avoid the disaster that threatens the world and all of us with it.

Answer the questions:

1. What is the fastest-spreading disease of civilization?

2. What planet-wide problems have overpopulation, pollution and energy consumption created?

3. What will happen to our planet if present trends continue?

4. What is happening to the seas and rivers?

5. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. Do you think it’s possible to save it?

6. Is air pollution a serious problem? Why?

7. What were the tragic consequences of the Chernobyl disaster?

8. Are nuclear power stations dangerous?

9. What is the main cause of the greenhouse effect and acid rains?

10. What do people of different countries do to save our planet?

environment окружающая среда

uninhabitable непригодный для жилья

ozone depletion истощение озонового слоя

greenhouse effect парниковый эффект

industrial and nuclear waste промышленные и ядерные отходы

to poison отравлять

to spread (spread, spread) распространяться

species вид, род

to die out вымирать

to become extinct угасать, вымирать

to emit выбрасывать

harmful substances вредные вещества

disaster несчастье, беда

nuclear power stations атомные электростанции

to support поддерживать

to threaten угрожать

the Mediterranean Средиземное море

the North Sea Северное море

the Aral Sea Аральское море

acid rains кислотные дожди

global warming глобальное потепление

Mexico City Мехико

on the brink of extinction на грани исчезновения

environmental protection защита окружающей среды

kitchen leftovers кухонные отходы

to pollute загрязнять

to be concerned about smth. беспокоиться о чем-то

to put trash into smth. сбрасывать мусор(во что-то)

the polluted water загрязненная вода

to get contaminated быть отравленным

air pollution загрязнение воздуха

to destroy the ozone layer разрушать озоновый слой

to die from acid rain погибать из-за кислотных дождей

to affect the balance of nature оказывать влияние на гармонию в природе

to protect from pollution защищать от загрязнения

Read the dialogue and act it out:

— And we have a scientist with us today to discuss various predictions about our weather in the future. Professor Stein, what do you think about the latest report about our climate?

— I think the predictions are, in general, very accurate.

— So you think temperature will rise in the future?

— Yes, in the next twenty-five years, they’ll rise by two six degrees.

— And what will the consequences of that be?

— Well, the ice at the North and South poles will melt and the sea level will rise.

— Do you think whole countries will disappear?

— No, I don’t. That won’t happen for another hundred or more years.

— And will there be enough fresh water for everyone?

— Yes, there will. But it won’t come from rainfall, which will decrease in general, but from the sea with the salt taken out.

— Will fresh water cost more?

— Yes, certainly. And this will mean that factory goods will cost more to produce.

— What effect will this have on the economy? Will it get worse?

— No, I don’t think so. But we’ll have to change our lifestyles in the future.

Список рекомендуемой литературы

Основная учебная литература

1. Полякова Т.Ю. , Синявская Е.В., Тынкова О.И., Улановская Э.С. Английский язык для инженеров. М., 1998.

2. Пумпянский А.Л. Упражнения по переводу научной и технической литературы. М., 1998.

3. Дроздова Е.В. Everyday English. “Химера”, 2000.

4. Murphy R. English Grammar in Use, Cambridge, 2000.

5. Англо-русский, русско-английский словарь, Oxford, New York, 1997.

Список рекомендуемой литературы

Основная учебная литература

1. Полякова Т.Ю. , Синявская Е.В., Тынкова О.И., Улановская Э.С. Английский язык для инженеров. М., 1998.

2. Учебное пособие «Английский язык для факультета нефти и газа». М., 1998.

3. Коваленко Е.Г. Новый англо-русский словарь по нефти и газу. В двух томах. М., 1998.

4. Murphy R. English Grammar in Use, Cambridge, 2000.

5. Англо-русский, русско-английский словарь, Oxford, New York, 1997.

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Ecotourism is useful for the environmental protection (Сочинения ЕГЭ английский язык)

Environmental protection is the main topic for discussion nowadays. People start to understand that we need to cooperate and work together to save our planet from littering. But which way should we choose?

I think ecotourism is a good way to take part in environmental protection. Firstly, because ecotourism is zero-waste and you do not pollute nature. Secondly, while being engaged in ecotourism a person understands how strongly he is connected with nature and how much he depends on it, so it leads to the fact that a person will try to do more and more to protect the environment.

However, there is an opposite opinion that ecotourism can`t help to protect the environment. Firstly, because while engaged in ecotourism you are still consuming and it is very difficult to be absolutely zero-waste. Secondly, a few people know what is ecotourism in the right way and what it correctly means. Nowadays it is just a fashion trend and it can`t help to protect the environment.

By disagreeing with the previous passage, I think that people`s attempt to litter less and to be careful with nature while traveling is very good and it is better than nothing.

If more and more people litter less, pollution will stop one day. Moreover, I think there is nothing wrong in ecotourism being a fashion trend nowadays or in that fact that not everybody knows what to do. We should educate people and promote ecotourism as much as we can because it is very important for saving nature.

In conclusion, many men many minds, but I would recommend to everyone to try ecotourism because nature is in danger and we need to protect it.

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Помогите ,напишите пожалуйста рассказ на английском языке ( желательно с переводом ) , на тему защита окружающей среды ))

Ответ

Проверено экспертом

I would like to tell you about the main ecological problems in our life.They are: littering, air pollution, water pollution, endangered species, destruction of natural resources and others.
People cut down forests, pollute air and water. They don’t think about their future and about future of our planet. There are many endangered species in the world. We just destroy our nature. It is very bad and we mustn’t do it. We must care of our beautiful nature. We must begin from our houses, streets and towns and do them clean. People must not cut down forests, pollute air and water. They must stop killing endangered animals. We must save our planet!

Я хотел бы рассказать вам об основных экологических проблемах в нашей жизни. Ими являются: захламление, загрязнение воздуха, загрязнение воды, уничтожение животных, находящихся под угрозой исчезновения, уничтожения природных ресурсов и другие.

Люди вырубают леса, загрязняют воздух и воду. Они не думают о своем будущем и о будущем нашей планеты. В мире много вымирающих видов животных. Мы просто уничтожаем нашу природу. Это очень плохо, и мы не должны этого делать. Мы должны заботиться о нашей прекрасной природе. Мы должны начать с наших домов, улиц и городов и сделать их чистыми. Люди не должны вырубать леса, загрязнять воздух и воду. Они должны прекратить убивать животных. Мы должны спасти нашу планету!

Environmental Protection, устная тема по английскому языку с переводом. Топик.

Ecology problems are of vital importance today. What can common people do to protect the planet?

Man have always wanted to make his life easier. He invented machines and mechanisms which have been working — and polluting the world we live in. Economists have long thought of the environment as of the unlimited source of resources only. In fact, the economy and the environment are closely related. The environment supplies the economy with water, timber, minerals, oil, etc. It has to absorb all the waste products, too. Nevertheless, some economists have always argued that pollution damages the resources.

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There are many consequences of damaging the environment. One of them is acid rain. Pumping waste gases from a power station does not get rid of them. Waste gases cause acid rain, this leads to forest damage and reduces the resources of forestry industry.

Another one is water shortage. It comes from abuse of lands in agriculture. The third one is destroying the ozone layer of the Earth through pollution from factories and plants. The fourth one is damage to water and soils. The fifth one is damage to wildlife: many species of plants and animals can disappear. The sixth one is the greenhouse effect and global warming — that is, an increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and oceans. Global warming can lead to rises in sea levels, and extreme weather events such as floods, droughts, and hurricanes, and global climate change. Lastly, the most serious danger is the result of all these consequences. This is the danger for the life and health of the man.

The territories of the former Soviet Union are suffering many environmental problems. Many of these problems have been caused by economic activities. Apart from the effect of the Chernobyl disaster, the worst problem is that with the Aral Sea. Cotton growing in the region has used large amounts of water, and the sea level has fallen, this destroyed fishing and led to a damage in soils, crops, and wildlife. Many forests in the Far East and in the north of European Russia are under threat. A system of dams on the Volga damaged fish.

If we cannot learn to use the environment carefully, very soon we’ll have no world to live in. In my opinion, pollution can be stopped or at least reduced by using fuels which are low in pollutants, more complete burning of solid fuels, shift to using alternative forms of power such as wind power, electricity or solar energy and banning the use of nuclear power. The first reason why I believe these ways to be most effective ones is that industry and transport are the most important sources of all chemical pollution of air, water and soil. The second one is that banning the use of nuclear power will destroy the danger of radioactive contamination.

The most important thing common people could do is to change their attitude towards the environment. We should realize that natural resources are not unlimited and destroying them may result in destroying life on Earth. The change of public attitude to the environment is important due to several reasons. Firstly, public opinion could make governments introduce stricter anti-pollution measures. It could make governments fund scientific research facilitating development of ecologically safe materials and sources of energy. Secondly, people could behave in the way which is less damaging for the ecology of our planet. For example, they could stop leaving litter in city streets and in the country. Thirdly, they could stop damaging forests by cutting down trees for their personal needs or causing forest fires.

Перевод текста: Environmental Protection

Проблемы экологии имеют огромную важность сегодня. Что простые люди могут сделать, чтобы защитить планету?

Человек всегда хотел сделать свою жизнь легче. Он изобрел машины и механизмы, которые работали — и загрязняли мир, в котором мы живем. Экономисты долго думали об окружающей среде на неограниченный источник ресурсов только. Фактически, экономика и окружающая среда близко связаны. Окружающая среда поставляет экономику водой, древесиной, полезными ископаемыми, нефтью, и т.д. Это должно поглотить все ненужные продукты, также. Однако, некоторые экономисты всегда утверждали, что загрязнение повреждает ресурсы.

Есть много последствий повреждения окружающей среды. Один из них — кислотный дождь. Перекачка ненужных газов от электростанции не избавляется от них. Ненужные газы вызывают кислотный дождь, это приводит к лесному повреждению и уменьшает ресурсы лесной промышленности.

Другой — водная нехватка. Это прибывает из злоупотребления землями в сельском хозяйстве. Третий разрушает озоновый слой Земли через загрязнение от фабрик и заводов. Четвертый — повреждение воды и почв. Пятый — повреждение дикой природы: могут исчезнуть много разновидностей растений и животных. Шестой — парниковый эффект и глобальное потепление — то есть, увеличение средней температуры атмосферы Земли и океанов. Глобальное потепление может привести к повышениям уровней морей, и событиям экстремальной погоды, таким как наводнения, засуха, и ураганы, и глобальное изменение климата. Наконец, самая серьезная опасность — результат всех этих последствий. Это — опасность для жизни и здоровья человека.
Территории прежнего Советского Союза переносят много проблем охраны окружающей среды. Многие из этих проблем были вызваны деловыми активностями. Кроме эффекта бедствия Chernobyl, худшая проблема — это с Аральским морем. Хлопок, растущий в области, использовал большое количество воды, и уровень моря упал, этот разрушенный лов рыбы и привел к повреждению в почвах, зерновых культурах, и дикой природе. Много лесов на Дальнем Востоке и на севере европейской России находятся под угрозой. Система дамб на Волге повредила рыбу.

Если мы не можем учиться использовать окружающую среду тщательно, очень скоро у нас не будет никакого мира, чтобы жить в. По моему мнению загрязнение может быть остановлено или по крайней мере уменьшено при использовании топлив, которые низки в загрязнителях, более полном горении твердых топлив, изменения к использованию альтернативных форм власти, таких как власть ветра, электричество или солнечная энергия и запрет использования ядерной энергии. Первая причина, почему я верю этим способам быть большинством эффективных, состоит в том, что промышленность и транспорт — самые важные источники всего химического загрязнения воздуха, воды и почвы. Второй — то, что запрет использования ядерной энергии разрушит опасность радиоактивного загрязнения.

Самая важная вещь, которую могли сделать простые люди, должна изменить их отношение к окружающей среде. Мы должны понять, что природные ресурсы не неограниченны и разрушившие их, может привести к разрушению жизни на Земле. Изменение общественного отношения к окружающей среде важно из-за нескольких причин. Во-первых, общественное мнение могло заставить правительства ввести более строгие защищающие окружающую среду от загрязнения меры. Это могло сделать правительственное развитие облегчения научного исследования фонда экологически безопасных материалов и источники энергии. Во-вторых, люди могли вести себя в пути, который менее разрушителен для экологии нашей планеты. Например, они могли прекратить оставлять мусор на городских улицах и на стране. В-третьих, они могли остановить разрушительные леса, сокращая деревья для их личных нужд или вызывая лесные пожары.

Использованная литература:
1. 100 тем английского устного (Каверина В., Бойко В., Жидких Н.) 2002
2. Английский язык для школьников и поступающих в ВУЗы. Устный экзамен. Топики. Тексты для чтения. Экзаменационные вопросы. (Цветкова И. В., Клепальченко И.А., Мыльцева Н.А.)
3. English, 120 Topics. Английский язык, 120 разговорных тем. (Сергеев С.П.)

Environmental protection топик по английскому. Топик ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION. Тема по английскому языку: Загрязнение окружающей среды

Key Words:
pollution, environment, the ozone layer, global warming, acid rain, car exhaust fumes, dumping industrial waste in seas and rivers, aerosol can, CFCs, to recycle, natural resources, human resources.

Important definitions of the key words :
People are more worried about the environment (the air, water, and land around us) as a result of the harmful (dangerous/damaging) effects of human activity. Some of these activities cause pollution (dirty air, land and water) and some are destroying the environment (damaging it so badly that soon parts will not exist).
The Greens is a short name of the organization called Green Peace. It»s an international organization whose members work actively to protect the environment from damage caused by industrial processes or military activities. It is known especially for using its own boats to try to prevent governments from testing nuclear weapons, to prevent companies from pouring poisonous chemicals into the sea, and to try to save whales and other sea animals from being killed.

Here are some of the problems:

  • the ozone layer : a layer of gases. It stops harmful radiation from the sun reaching the earth; recent research shows that there is now a hole in parts of the ozone layer;
  • global warming : an increase in world temperature caused by an increase in carbon dioxide;
  • acid rain : rain that contains dangerous chemicals; this is caused by smoke from factories;
  • smoke from factories;
  • car exhaust fumes ;
  • dumping (throwing away) industrial waste (unwanted material) in seas and rivers;
  • aerosol cans (usually called sprays); some of these contain CFCs (a chemical) which can damage the ozone layer;
  • cutting down tropical rainforests (e.g. The Amazon); this increases carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

How can we help?

  • Don»t throw away bottles, newspapers, etc. Take them to a bottle bank or newspaper bank, and then they can be recycled (used again).
  • Plant more trees.
  • Don»t waste (use badly) resources, e.g. water, gas. Try to save them.
  • Note : a resource is a valuable possession. There are natural resources , e.g. water or gold; and human resources , e.g. knowledge and skills. The word is usually plural.

The given text is a sample text and we recommend you to use it while getting ready with your own stories on the topic.

Economists have long thought of the environment as an unlimited source of resources. For thousands of years people lived in harmony with the environment but with the industrial revolution our negative influence on Nature began to increase. Large cities with thousands of steaming, polluting plants and factories can be found nowadays all over the world. The by-products of their activity pollute the air we breathe, the water we drink, the fields where our crops are grown.
There are many consequences of damaging the environment. One of them is «acid rain». Cars with their engines and factories have become the main source of air pollution in industrial areas. When factories send gases and chemicals into the air, they mix and the mixture is carried for hundreds of miles by the wind and finally, it falls back to earth. This «acid rain» kills fish and trees and slowly it kills everything.
Another consequence is destroying the ozone layer of the Earth.
The third problem is damage to wildlife. Vast forests are cut down in Africa, South America and Asia for the needs of industries in Europe and in the USA. As a result, some species of animals, birds, fish and plants have disappeared and keep disappearing.
Another problem is damage to water and soils. Dumping wastes into lakes, rivers, seas and oceans causes water pollution. Harmful wastes may also get into the soil or drain off fields that have been sprayed with pesticides.
There is another aspect of the environmental problem, the importance and urgency of which steadily grow. How country disposes of its waste may have a major effect on its future and the future of the world, too. Recycling waste and rubbish receives ever-greater care in Europe. Cans, paper and empty bottles and other things we call rubbish are accumulated in every home. Recycling process has double effect, the other part of it being — saving energy, which would have been necessary for producing new things.
In Russia and the former Soviet republics there are some areas where the environment is in a poor state. Some of them are the Aral Sea, Lake Baikal, the Kuzbass, Semipalatinsk and Chernobyl. Cotton growing in the region of the Aral Sea has used huge quantities of water, and the level of the sea has fallen by 14 yards. For decades nuclear weapons were tested near Semipalatinsk, and the ground is contaminated with radiation there. More than twenty years ago a pulp-and-paper factory was built on the shore of Lake Baikal. As a result of the pollution, more than 50 per cent of the world»s purest water has been ruined. The whole ecological system of the lake has changed greatly. After the disaster in Chernobyl the inhabitants of the nearby towns and villages had to be evacuated. Some of them died and some became invalids.
Problems of environment are no longer problems of one particular country or one particular region of a country.
One of the most serious environmental problems in large cities in Britain is sick fog, which the British so often have in autumn and in winter. In London the fog is sometimes so thick that cars run into one another. For many centuries, during the cold time of the year, the English people used coal in their fireplaces in private houses, though smoke from factories contributed a great deal to the trouble too. This kind of fog the English people used to call smog. Unusually thick smog in London in 1962 caused the death of some 4000 people. A Clean Air Act was passed in 1956, which prohibited the use of open coal fires at homes and in the city area.
Today, many scientists and ordinary people realize that the Earth is in danger. Either we stop killing the Earth or we kill ourselves. The protection of the environment is a universal concern. Active measures should be taken to create an international system of ecological security. Some progress has been made in this direction. Many people belong to Green organizations in countries all over the world. Groups like «Green Peace» have already helped to stop some animals hunting but there are so many things to be done on our planet and our life on the Earth depends only on ourselves.

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Задачи и тесты по теме «Тема 12. «Pollution and the Environment».»

  • Nature, environment and global issues — Vocabulary 10–11 класс

Уроков: 8 Заданий: 17 Тестов: 2

Ecology — Vocabulary 5–9 класс

В скобках Вы найдете пояснения к некоторым словам и выражениям, они даются на английском языке с той целью, чтобы Вы привыкали пользоваться англо-английским (толковым) словарем. Это поможет Вам увеличить Ваш словарный запас и развить понимание.

Ключевые слова и выражения нужно выписать в тетрадь и выучить. А также полезно учить наизусть целые предложения, в которых встречаются новые для Вас грамматические конструкции или идиоматические обороты.

Текст «Environmental Protection» поможет Вам разобраться в современной экологической обстановке и положении дел в сфере охраны окружающей среды и Вам будет легче выполнять задания.

Задания к теме 12 включают в себя упражнения как на знание ключевых слов и выражений, так и на развитие разговорных навыков, умение высказать свое мнение по данному вопросу.

Тема по английскому языку: Загрязнение окружающей среды

Топик по английскому языку: Загрязнение окружающей среды (Environmental pollution). Данный текст может быть использован в качестве презентации, проекта, рассказа, эссе, сочинения или сообщения на тему.

Проблема сегодняшнего дня

Загрязнение окружающей среды – одна из крупнейших проблем в сегодняшнем мире. Ее можно определить как загрязнение атмосферного воздуха, водоемов и почв отходами человеческой деятельности. На настоящий момент не существует такого города и вряд ли существует сельская местность, которые можно было бы назвать чистыми и незагрязненными.

Разновидности загрязнений

Существует много разновидностей загрязнения, среди которых наиболее распространенными являются загрязнение воздуха, водоемов и почв и радиоактивное загрязнение, мусор, шум, световое загрязнение и нарушение температурного режима. К сожалению, большинство этих проблем являются следствием человеческой деятельности. На самом деле, противоречия между человеком и природой находятся на высоком уровне.

Вырубка лесов

Люди вырубают леса и таким образом уничтожают тысячи акров земли. Во-первых, почва выдувается ветрами и во-вторых, даже если на место срубленных сажают новые деревья, они не могут вернуть утраченные леса, которые были частью сложной экосистемы, которая очищала воздух и обеспечивала приют диким животным.

Отходы

Крупные промышленные города ежедневно производят большое количество отходов. Их либо выбрасывают, либо зарывают в землю, что приводит к тому, что в почву попадают опасные химикаты. Зачастую токсичные и отравляющие жидкие химикаты сбрасывают в водоемы, подвергая опасности здоровье людей. Однако, сами люди несут ответственность за происходящее.

Загрязнение водоемов и атмосферы

Загрязнение водоемов и атмосферы – серьезная угроза для окружающей среды. Основными факторами здесь являются выхлопные газы автомобилей, разливы нефти, мусор и т.д. загрязненный воздух и водоемы влияют на здоровье людей до такой степени, что миллионы человек не имеют доступа к чистой питьевой воде.

Заключение

В заключение следует отметить, что если мы хотим жить в лучшем и более здоровом мире, мы должны защищать и заботиться об окружающей среде.

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Environmental pollution

Largest problems

Environmental pollution is one of the largest problems in our today’s world. It can be defined as a contamination of air, water and land from man-made waste. Nowadays there aren’t any cities and hardly any rural areas that remain clean and unpolluted.

Types of pollution

There are a lot of different types of pollution among which the most recognized are air and water pollution, soil and radioactive contamination, littering, noise, light and thermal pollution. Unfortunately, most of the problems are the result of human activities. Indeed, the contradictions between man and nature are on a high level.

Deforestation

People cut down forests and thus damage thousands of acres of land. First of all, the soil can be easily blown away and secondly, even if new trees are planted, they can’t bring back the old forests that were a part of a complex ecosystem that cleaned the air and made home for wildlife.

Waste

Big industrial cities produce a lot of waste every day. It’s either thrown away or dug up which leads to the releasing of dangerous chemicals into the soil. Very often toxic or poisonous liquid chemicals are poured into the water therefore people’s health is put at risk. However, they are themselves responsible for this.

Water and air pollution

Water and air pollution are also a serious threat to our environment. The main factors contributing to them are car fumes, oil spills, throwing litter and many others. Polluted air and water affect people’s health to such an extent that millions of them have got no access to safe drinking water.

Conclusion

In conclusion, it must be said that if we want to live in a better and healthier world we should take great care of our mother nature and learn to protect it.

The planet Earth is only a tiny part of the universe, but it’s the only place where human beings can live. People always polluted their surroundings. But until now pollution was not such a serious problem. People lived in uncrowded rural areas and did not have pollution – caused by machines. With the development of crowded industrial cities, which created huge amounts of pollutants, the problem has become more important. Today our planet is in serious danger. Acid rains, global warming, air and water pollution, and overpopulation are the problems that threaten human life on Earth. Our forests are disappearing because they are cut down or burnt. If this trend continues, one day we won’t have enough oxygen to breathe.

The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear wastes, chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The Mediterranean is already nearly dead; the North Sea is following its fate. The Aral Sea is about to disappear. If nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas. Every ten minutes one kind of animal, plant or insect dies out forever. If nothing is done about it, one million species that are alive today may soon become extinct. Air pollution is another serious problem. In Cairo just breathing the air is dangerous – equivalent to smoking two packs of cigarettes a day. The same holds true for many Russian cites.

Factories emit tons of harmful chemicals. These emissions have disastrous consequences for our planet. They are the main reason for the greenhouse effect and acid rains.

And even greater threat are nuclear power stations. We all know how tragic the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster are.

Fortunately, it’s not too late to solve these problems. We have the time, the money and even the technology to make our planet a better, cleaner and safer place. We can plant trees and create parks for endangered species. We can recycle litter. Individuals and groups of people can work together to persuade enterprises to stop polluting activities.

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  1. The poisoning of the world’s land, air, and water is the fastest-spreading disease of civilisation. It probably produces fewer headlines than wars, earthquakes and floods, but it is potentially one. .
  2. Environment pollution problem is paid much attention to in the USA. Different environmentalists and environmental societies, like Wilderness Society, try to improve the situation. The level of damage to the. .
  3. Our planet Earth is only a tiny part of the universe, but nowadays it’s the only place where we can live. People always polluted their surroundings. But until now pollution. .
  4. We live on the earth. It is very, very big. There is a lot of water on the earth. It is in rivers, lakes, seas and oceans. There are a. .
  5. На английском языке Перевод на русский язык Environmental Protection Защита окружающей среды We live in a world full of different types of pollution. Wanting to make their lives easier people. .
  6. Protection of environment is a major issue in Great Britain. Global warming, ozone layer problem, air and water pollution, industrial wastes are in the centre of different state and public. .
  7. The protection of nature has become one of the most burning problems of the 21st century. The Earth provides people with mineral resources, rivers, forests, fields – everything that makes. .
  8. Some people say that we should invest money in ecology projects, while others believe that nature is doing well by itself. The earth is the only planet that people can. .
  9. The word environment means simply what is around us. Some people live in a town environment; for others, their environment is the countryside. Nowadays people understand how important it is. .
  10. In recent years the number of environmental problems has increased greatly. One of the most dangerous problems for our planet is global warming which means that most climates all over. .
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На этой странице находится топик по английскому по теме ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

The Earth is the only planet in the soiar system where there is life. If you look down at the Earth from a plane you will see how wonderful our planet is. You will see blue seas and oceans, rivers and lakes, high snow-capped mountains, green forests and fields. For centuries man had lived in harmony with nature until industrialization brought human society into conflict with the natural environment. Today, the contradictions between man and nature have acquired a dramatic character. With the development of civilization man’s interference in nature has increased. Every year the world’s industry pollutes the atmosphere with millions of tons of dust and other harmful substances. The seas and rivers are poisoned with industrial waste, chemical and sewage discharge. People who live in big cities are badly affected by harmful discharge from plants and city transport and by the increasing noise level which is as bad for human health as lack of fresh air and clean water.

Among the most urgent problems are the depletion of the ozone layer, acid rains and global warming that lead to unfavourable changes in the world’s climate.

Another serious ecological problem is the disappearance of forests. Some of them die from acid rains, others are cut down. Rain forests disappear at an alarming rate. If man continues to cut down rain forests, more than one million species of plants and animals will become extinct by the year of 2030.

Water is often looked upon as a dumping place where sewage and industrial waste can be washed away and hopefully disappear. As a result some rivers and lakes are so badly polluted that the water is unfit for bathing.

There are a lot of places on our planet that need immediate help. Our country is no exception. The nuclear accident at Chernobyl has seriously aggravated the ecological situation in Belarus. About 18 per cent of the country’s soil are unfit for farming and some districts in the south-east of the country are dangerous to live in.

Today people are aware that our life depends on the state of the environment. Pollution kills everything that is alive. It ruins nature creating serious dangers to the flora, fauna and man himself. So nature protection should become everybody’s concern.

I believe that environmental disasters can be avoided if people broaden ecological education and every person understands that the beauty of nature is extremely fragile and people must obey the unwritten laws of nature. Governments must be prepared to take action against pollution. Air pollution could be reduced if plants and factories were made to fit effective filters on chimneys and car exhausts. Green zones around big cities must be protected and extended. Natural resources should be used more economically because their stocks are not unlimited.

Today more and more people are aware of the necessity to stop the damage done by man to nature. Different nongovernmental organizations work actively to protect nature. The international organization «Greenpeace» is one of them. It has brought the plight of the natural world to the attention of other people. The «Greenpeace» sent its boats to protect whales, and today commercial whaling is banned. In the North Sea Greenpeace swimmers turned back dump ships carrying chemical waste, and new laws to protect the North Sea have been considered.

It’s time we asked ourselves a question, «What can I do to protect nature?» When I look around I realize that not all people understand the importance of nature protection. On fine summer days a lot of people go out of town. They have picnics on the shores of lakes and the banks of rivers or on beautiful forest glades and they often leave behind a lot of rubbish — plastic bags and bottles, tins and paper. It makes me feel sad when I see people returning to town with huge bunches of forest or meadow flowers. Many of these plants are included into the Red Book which contains the names of rare plants and animals. Some of them have become extinct and others are on the verge of disappearing. If we don’t realize that we are all responsible for what’s happening around us we will never feel secure about the future of the world we live in.

Человечество слишком долго ведет себя на планете как неразумный хозяин. Создавая удобства для комфортной жизни, мы напрочь забыли о том, что ресурсы природы вовсе не безграничны. Что жить в городах с грязным воздухом, придется нашим детям. Настало время вспомнить о том, что природа не прощает ошибок. Мы должны позаботиться о ней, вспомнить, что мы сами — часть этой природы. So, is it ok to bite the hand that feeds?

Essay on Environmental Protection

Our planet Earth is only a tiny part of the universe, and it is so far the only place where human beings can live.

We always polluted our surroundings. But until now pollution was not such a huge problem. People lived in the countryside and couldn’t produce such amount of pollution that would lead to a dangerous situation on a global scale.

With the development of industrial cities, which create huge amounts of pollutants, the problem has become real. Nowadays our planet is in serious danger. Global warming, acid rains, air and water pollution, overpopulation are the problems that threaten human lives on the Earth.

Every year world industry pollutes the air that we breathe with. A great number of cities suffer from smog. Rainforests are cut down. Their disappearance upsets the oxygen balance. As a result, some rare species of animals, birds, fish and plants are extinct. A lot of seas, rivers and lakes are filled with poison like industrial and nuclear wastes, chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The pollution of air and the world»s ocean, destruction of the ozone layer is the result of man»s careless interaction with nature, a sign of the ecological crisis.

People should consider their attitude to the environment. Some progress has already been made in this direction. Numerous conferences have been held by a lot of agencies to discuss problems facing ecologically poor regions including the Aral Sea, the South Urals, Kuzbass, Donbass and Chernobyl. Greenpeace is also doing much to preserve the environment.

What can we do to save our planet? First of all, people should switch to alternative forms of power, such as solar power or wind power. Secondly, the use of atomic power must be banned. Thirdly, we need to recycle. It’s the art of turning waste into new products. It would be a good idea if people started riding bicycles instead of driving cars. We are obliged to protect nature. If everybody cares, it will make a difference.

Сочинение на тему Защита окружающей среды

Наша планета Земля — всего лишь крошечная часть вселенной, и на данный момент это единственное место, где могут жить люди.

Мы всегда загрязняли окружающую среду. Но до сих пор загрязнение не было такой огромной проблемой. Люди жили в сельской местности и не могли производить такое огромное количество загрязнения, которое могло бы привести к опасной ситуации в глобальном масштабе.

С развитием промышленных городов, которые производят огромное количество загрязняющих веществ, проблема стала реальной. В наши дни наша планета находится в серьезной опасности. Глобальное потепление, кислотные дожди, загрязнение воздуха и воды, перенаселенность — это проблемы, которые угрожают жизни людей на Земле.

Каждый год мировая промышленность загрязняет воздух, которым мы дышим. Огромное количество городов страдает от смога. Тропические леса вырубаются. Их исчезновение нарушает баланс кислорода. В результате исчезают редкие виды животных, птиц, рыб и растений. Много морей, рек и озер заполнены ядом: промышленными и ядерными отходами, химическими удобрениями и пестицидами. Загрязнение воздуха и мирового океана, разрушение озонового слоя является следствием небрежного взаимодействия человека с природой, признаком экологического кризиса.

Люди должны обдумать свое отношение к окружающей среде. В этом направлении уже достигнут определенный прогресс. Различные организации проводят многочисленные конференции для обсуждения проблем, с которыми сталкиваются экологически бедные регионы, включая Аральское море, Южный Урал, Кузбасс, Донбасс и Чернобыль. Организация «Гринпис» также делает много для сохранения окружающей среды.

Что мы можем сделать, чтобы спасти нашу планету? Прежде всего, люди должны переключиться на альтернативные формы энергии, такие как солнечная энергия или энергия ветра. Во-вторых, использование атомной энергии должно быть запрещено. В-третьих, нам нужно перерабатывать. Это искусство превращения отходов в новые продукты. Было бы неплохо, если бы люди начали кататься на велосипедах, а не водить автомобили. Мы обязаны защищать природу. Если все будут заботится, это изменит ситуацию.

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