English Fables. Belling the Cat. Упражнение на артикли

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Smiths have a daughter and a son.

My mother knows how to type on PC.

Capitan Webb was the initial person to swim across English Channel.

war is always a cruel thing.

We go for a tour if weather is fine.

I like fresh milk in tea.

I need go down Baker Street.

My brother spent interesting vacation in Spain.

Could you send me data I asked for in my written request?

In end of hard working day, sleep is the best solution to restore energy reserves!

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�Is this your sister?� � �Nope, it is not my sister; it is my coach�.

I have cousin. My cousin is nurse. My cousin�s father is driver.

I have no apartment.

She has got strong migraine.

My neighbors have dog and three cats.

Would you like pear?

My brother says he is going to be engineer one day.

This is spruce. spruce is verdant.

I can see 5 kids. kids are playing on playground.

I have truck. truck is blue. My mate has no truck.

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Do you like sweets.

She is listening to jazz music.

car in front of us is moving too fast.

There is square rug on floor.

I had lunch in coffeehouse.

Please give me cup of coffee with sugar and without milk.

Mike can play guitar.

My girlfriend bought new pair of slippers.

Tell me, is there supermarket near here?

Ann has got canary bird. � What�s canary bird�s name?

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1. ___ arm 9.___old woman 17.___ hour

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4. ___actress 12. ___ jungle 20.___ finger

5. ___ dog 13. ____ billion 21.___ ant

6. ___ Netherlands 14. ____ monkey 22. ___ woman

7. ___ actor 15. _____ earache 23. ___eagle

8. ___ iPhone 16. _____ Pacific Ocean 24. ___e-book

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1. Listen to ___ radio 5. History of ___ media

2. ___ romance of ___ busy broker 6. As___ result of my work

3. ___ Christmas Presents 7.___adventure of her husband

4. ___ great fire of London 8.___busy day

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1. In ___last two years things have got very tight.

2. ___ Normans also brought with them ___ French language.

3. All she knew was that he was ___ very ill and they were completely out of ___money.

4. She was just eleven years of age, and ___ moon was shining brightly in ___ gardens of ___ palace.

5. Please, state your destination clearly and have ___ exact fare ready.

6. Shakespeare made___fuller use of ___ English language than any other writer.

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NATIVE ENGLISH SCHOOL � ������ �������� � ���������� � ������������� ���������!

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5. ___ train leaves tomorrow at three o�clock.

6. I am ___ important woman now.

7. Their stems lay in ___ water, on which there floated ___ large tulip petal.

8. In ___ small town ___ man stole some money from ___ house.

9. ___ man wrote a story and sent it to ___ publishing house.

10.___ driver in ___ American bus is ___ unique figure.

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1. ___bird in___hand is worth two in___bush.

2. In autumn when it is raining hard ___ umbrella is necessary.

3. ___ dogs bark, but ___ caravan goes on.

4. What is ___ Miracle�s Cost?

5. One day he saw something in ___ newspaper about ___ fair in ___park near his house.

6. ___ train leaves tomorrow at three o�clock.

7. ___ goal of this course is to help you become ___ better teacher.

8. So young Peter Munk used to ___sit all through ___ week tending ___ wood-kiln.

9. He was ___ handsome, ___strong and ___very smart.

10. ___enemy will agree, but ___ friend will argue.

11. They told in ___ newspapers that ___ big stage-coach was lifted off ___ road and thrown aside like ___ rag.

12. Late one night ___ shoemaker sat cutting his leather with ___ snip, snip, snap, watched by his wife and watched by his cat.

13. Big Ben is ___bell in ___ clock tower in London.

14. Whidbey Island may be only ___ ferry ride from Seattle, but it�s ___ world apart.

15. On January 26, 1948, ___ man posing as ___ public health official arrives at ___ bank in Tokyo.

16. ___ beggar found ___ leather purse that someone had dropped in ___ marketplace.

17. ___ father came home from ___ long business trip to find his young son riding ___ brand new bike.

18. Pure white snow and ice covered ___ Earth for as far as he could see.

19. John had been taught to carry his Master�s dinner in ___ basket, every day, to ___ place where he worked.

20. Upon arriving home in eager anticipation of ___ leisurely evening, ___ husband was met at the door by his sobbing wife.

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Test 1.

1) an; 2) an;3) the; 4) an; 5) a; 6) the; 7) an; 8) an; 9) an; 10) the; 11) an; 12) the; 13) a; 14) a; 15) an; 16) the; 17) an; 18) an; 19) the; 20) a; 21) an; 22)a; 23) an; 24) an.

Test 2.

1) the; 2) the,a; 3) the; 4) the; 5) the; 6) a; 7) the; 8) a.

1) the; 2) the,the; 3) 0,0; 4) the,the,the; 5) the; 6) 0, the.

1) a; 2) a; 3) a; 4) a; 5) the; 6) an; 7) the, a; 8) a,a,a; 9)a, the; 10) the, an,a.

Test 5.

1)A,the,the ; 2) an; 3) the,the; 4) the; 5)the,a,the; 6) the; 7) the, a;

8) 0, the,the; 9) 0,0,0; 10)an,a; 11)the,the,the,a; 12) a,a;

13) a,the; 14)a,a; 15)a,a,a; 16)a,a,the; 17)a,a,a;

18) the; 19)a,the; 20)a,the.

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Belling The Cat

Long ago, the mice had a general council to consider what measures they could take to outwit their common enemy, the Cat. Some said this, and some said that; but at last a young mouse got up and said he had a proposal to make, which he thought would meet the case. �You will all agree,� said he, �that our chief danger consists in the sly and treacherous manner in which the enemy approaches us. Now, if we could receive some signal of her approach, we could easily escape from her. I venture, therefore, to propose that a small bell be procured, and attached by a ribbon round the neck of the Cat. By this means we should always know when she was about, and could easily retire while she was in the neighbourhood.�
This proposal met with general applause, until an old mouse got up and said: �That is all very well, but who is to bell the Cat?� The mice looked at one another and nobody spoke. Then the old mouse said:
�It is easy to propose impossible remedies.�

Aesop’s Fables for children

Короткие поучительные басни Эзопа для детей и взрослых. Читайте сказки на английском языке онлайн с возможностью перевода любого слова одним нажатием кнопки мыши. Прослушивайте произношение неизвестных вам слов.

A LIST OF THE FABLES

THE WOLF AND THE K >

There was once a little Kid whose growing horns made him think he was a grown-up Billy Goat and able to take care of himself. So one evening when the flock started home from the pasture and his mother called, the Kid paid no heed and kept right on nibbling the tender grass. A little later when he lifted his head, the flock was gone.

He was all alone. The sun was sinking. Long shadows came creeping over the ground. A chilly little wind came creeping with them making scary noises in the grass. The Kid shivered as he thought of the terrible Wolf. Then he started wildly over the field, bleating for his mother. But not half-way, near a clump of trees, there was the Wolf!

В школе этого не расскажут:  Тест №25 (для продвинутых)

The Kid knew there was little hope for him.

«Please, Mr. Wolf,» he said trembling, «I know you are going to eat me. But first please pipe me a tune, for I want to dance and be merry as long as I can.»

The Wolf liked the idea of a little music before eating, so he struck up a merry tune and the Kid leaped and frisked gaily.

Meanwhile, the flock was moving slowly homeward. In the still evening air the Wolf’s piping carried far. The Shepherd Dogs pricked up their ears. They recognized the song the Wolf sings before a feast, and in a moment they were racing back to the pasture. The Wolf’s song ended suddenly, and as he ran, with the Dogs at his heels, he called himself a fool for turning piper to please a Kid, when he should have stuck to his butcher’s trade.

Do not let anything turn you from your purpose .

THE TORTOISE AND THE DUCKS

The Tortoise, you know, carries his house on his back. No matter how hard he tries, he cannot leave home. They say that Jupiter punished him so, because he was such a lazy stay-at-home that he would not go to Jupiter’s wedding, even when especially invited.

After many years, Tortoise began to wish he had gone to that wedding. When he saw how gaily the birds flew about and how the Hare and the Chipmunk and all the other animals ran nimbly by, always eager to see everything there was to be seen, the Tortoise felt very sad and discontented. He wanted to see the world too, and there he was with a house on his back and little short legs that could hardly drag him along.

One day he met a pair of Ducks and told them all his trouble.

«We can help you to see the world,» said the Ducks. «Take hold of this stick with your teeth and we will carry you far up in the air where you can see the whole countryside. But keep quiet or you will be sorry.»

The Tortoise was very glad indeed. He seized the stick firmly with his teeth, the two Ducks took hold of it one at each end, and away they sailed up toward the clouds.

Just then a Crow flew by. He was very much astonished at the strange sight and cried:

«This must surely be the King of Tortoises!»

«Why certainly——» began the Tortoise.

But as he opened his mouth to say these foolish words he lost his hold on the stick, and down he fell to the ground, where he was dashed to pieces on a rock.

Foolish curiosity and vanity often lead to misfortune .

THE YOUNG CRAB AND HIS MOTHER

«Why in the world do you walk sideways like that?» said a Mother Crab to her son. «You should always walk straight forward with your toes turned out.»

«Show me how to walk, mother dear,» answered the little Crab obediently, «I want to learn.»

So the old Crab tried and tried to walk straight forward. But she could walk sideways only, like her son. And when she wanted to turn her toes out she tripped and fell on her nose.

Do not tell others how to act unless you can set a good example.

THE FROGS AND THE OX

An Ox came down to a reedy pool to drink. As he splashed heavily into the water, he crushed a young Frog into the mud. The old Frog soon missed the little one and asked his brothers and sisters what had become of him.

«A great big monster,» said one of them, «stepped on little brother with one of his huge feet!»

«Big, was he!» said the old Frog, puffing herself up. «Was he as big as this?»

«Oh, much bigger!» they cried.

The Frog puffed up still more.

«He could not have been bigger than this,» she said. But the little Frogs all declared that the monster was much, much bigger and the old Frog kept puffing herself out more and more until, all at once, she burst.

Do not attempt the impossible.

THE DOG, THE COCK, AND THE FOX

A Dog and a Cock, who were the best of friends, wished very much to see something of the world. So they decided to leave the farmyard and to set out into the world along the road that led to the woods. The two comrades traveled along in the very best of spirits and without meeting any adventure to speak of.

At nightfall the Cock, looking for a place to roost, as was his custom, spied nearby a hollow tree that he thought would do very nicely for a night’s lodging. The Dog could creep inside and the Cock would fly up on one of the branches. So said, so done, and both slept very comfortably.

With the first glimmer of dawn the Cock awoke. For the moment he forgot just where he was. He thought he was still in the farmyard where it had been his duty to arouse the household at daybreak. So standing on tip-toes he flapped his wings and crowed lustily. But instead of awakening the farmer, he awakened a Fox not far off in the wood. The Fox immediately had rosy visions of a very delicious breakfast. Hurrying to the tree where the Cock was roosting, he said very politely:

«A hearty welcome to our woods, honored sir. I cannot tell you how glad I am to see you here. I am quite sure we shall become the closest of friends.»

«I feel highly flattered, kind sir,» replied the Cock slyly. «If you will please go around to the door of my house at the foot of the tree, my porter will let you in.»

The hungry but unsuspecting Fox, went around the tree as he was told, and in a twinkling the Dog had seized him.

Those who try to deceive may expect to be pa >

BELLING THE CAT

The Mice once called a meeting to decide on a plan to free themselves of their enemy, the Cat. At least they wished to find some way of knowing when she was coming, so they might have time to run away. Indeed, something had to be done, for they lived in such constant fear of her claws that they hardly dared stir from their dens by night or day.

Many plans were discussed, but none of them was thought good enough. At last a very young Mouse got up and said:

«I have a plan that seems very simple, but I know it will be successful. All we have to do is to hang a bell about the Cat’s neck. When we hear the bell ringing we will know immediately that our enemy is coming.»

All the Mice were much surprised that they had not thought of such a plan before. But in the midst of the rejoicing over their good fortune, an old Mouse arose and said:

«I will say that the plan of the young Mouse is very good. But let me ask one question: Who will bell the Cat?»

It is one thing to say that something should be done, but quite a different matter to do it .

THE EAGLE AND THE JACKDAW

An Eagle, swooping down on powerful wings, seized a lamb in her talons and made off with it to her nest. A Jackdaw saw the deed, and his silly head was filled with the idea that he was big and strong enough to do as the Eagle had done. So with much rustling of feathers and a fierce air, he came down swiftly on the back of a large Ram. But when he tried to rise again he found that he could not get away, for his claws were tangled in the wool. And so far was he from carrying away the Ram, that the Ram hardly noticed he was there.

The Shepherd saw the fluttering Jackdaw and at once guessed what had happened. Running up, he caught the bird and clipped its wings. That evening he gave the Jackdaw to his children.

«What a funny bird this is!» they said laughing, «what do you call it, father?»

«That is a Jackdaw, my children. But if you should ask him, he would say he is an Eagle.»

Do not let your vanity make you overestimate your powers.

THE BOY AND THE FILBERTS

A Boy was given permission to put his hand into a pitcher to get some filberts. But he took such a great fistful that he could not draw his hand out again. There he stood, unwilling to give up a single filbert and yet unable to get them all out at once. Vexed and disappointed he began to cry.

«My boy,» said his mother, «be satisfied with half the nuts you have taken and you will easily get your hand out. Then perhaps you may have some more filberts some other time.»

Do not attempt too much at once.

HERCULES AND THE WAGONER

A Farmer was driving his wagon along a miry country road after a heavy rain. The horses could hardly drag the load through the deep mud, and at last came to a standstill when one of the wheels sank to the hub in a rut.

The farmer climbed down from his seat and stood beside the wagon looking at it but without making the least effort to get it out of the rut. All he did was to curse his bad luck and call loudly on Hercules to come to his aid. Then, it is said, Hercules really did appear, saying:

«Put your shoulder to the wheel, man, and urge on your horses. Do you think you can move the wagon by simply looking at it and whining about it? Hercules will not help unless you make some effort to help yourself.»

And when the farmer put his shoulder to the wheel and urged on the horses, the wagon moved very readily, and soon the Farmer was riding along in great content and with a good lesson learned.

Self help is the best help.

Heaven helps those who help themselves.

THE K >

A frisky young Kid had been left by the herdsman on the thatched roof of a sheep shelter to keep him out of harm’s way. The Kid was browsing near the edge of the roof, when he spied a Wolf and began to jeer at him, making faces and abusing him to his heart’s content.

«I hear you,» said the Wolf, «and I haven’t the least grudge against you for what you say or do. When you are up there it is the roof that’s talking, not you.»

Do not say anything at any time that you would not say at all times.

THE TOWN MOUSE AND THE COUNTRY MOUSE

A Town Mouse once visited a relative who lived in the country. For lunch the Country Mouse served wheat stalks, roots, and acorns, with a dash of cold water for drink. The Town Mouse ate very sparingly, nibbling a little of this and a little of that, and by her manner making it very plain that she ate the simple food only to be polite.

В школе этого не расскажут:  Глаголы в еврейском языке идиш

After the meal the friends had a long talk, or rather the Town Mouse talked about her life in the city while the Country Mouse listened. They then went to bed in a cozy nest in the hedgerow and slept in quiet and comfort until morning. In her sleep the Country Mouse dreamed she was a Town Mouse with all the luxuries and delights of city life that her friend had described for her. So the next day when the Town Mouse asked the Country Mouse to go home with her to the city, she gladly said yes.

When they reached the mansion in which the Town Mouse lived, they found on the table in the dining room the leavings of a very fine banquet. There were sweetmeats and jellies, pastries, delicious cheeses, indeed, the most tempting foods that a Mouse can imagine. But just as the Country Mouse was about to nibble a dainty bit of pastry, she heard a Cat mew loudly and scratch at the door. In great fear the Mice scurried to a hiding place, where they lay quite still for a long time, hardly daring to breathe. When at last they ventured back to the feast, the door opened suddenly and in came the servants to clear the table, followed by the House Dog.

The Country Mouse stopped in the Town Mouse’s den only long enough to pick up her carpet bag and umbrella.

«You may have luxuries and dainties that I have not,» she said as she hurried away, «but I prefer my plain food and simple life in the country with the peace and security that go with it.»

Poverty with security is better than plenty in the m >

THE FOX AND THE GRAPES

A Fox one day spied a beautiful bunch of ripe grapes hanging from a vine trained along the branches of a tree. The grapes seemed ready to burst with juice, and the Fox’s mouth watered as he gazed longingly at them.

The bunch hung from a high branch, and the Fox had to jump for it. The first time he jumped he missed it by a long way. So he walked off a short distance and took a running leap at it, only to fall short once more. Again and again he tried, but in vain.

Now he sat down and looked at the grapes in disgust.

«What a fool I am,» he said. «Here I am wearing myself out to get a bunch of sour grapes that are not worth gaping for.»

And off he walked very, very scornfully.

There are many who pretend to despise and belittle that which is beyond their reach.

THE BUNDLE OF STICKS

A certain Father had a family of Sons, who were forever quarreling among themselves. No words he could say did the least good, so he cast about in his mind for some very striking example that should make them see that discord would lead them to misfortune.

One day when the quarreling had been much more violent than usual and each of the Sons was moping in a surly manner, he asked one of them to bring him a bundle of sticks. Then handing the bundle to each of his Sons in turn he told them to try to break it. But although each one tried his best, none was able to do so. [Pg 21]

The Father then untied the bundle and gave the sticks to his Sons to break one by one. This they did very easily.

«My Sons,» said the Father, «do you not see how certain it is that if you agree with each other and help each other, it will be impossible for your enemies to injure you? But if you are divided among yourselves, you will be no stronger than a single stick in that bundle.»

In unity is strength.

THE WOLF AND THE CRANE

A Wolf had been feasting too greedily, and a bone had stuck crosswise in his throat. He could get it neither up nor down, and of course he could not eat a thing. Naturally that was an awful state of affairs for a greedy Wolf.

So away he hurried to the Crane. He was sure that she, with her long neck and bill, would easily be able to reach the bone and pull it out.

«I will reward you very handsomely,» said the Wolf, «if you pull that bone out for me.»

The Crane, as you can imagine, was very uneasy about putting her head in a Wolf’s throat. But she was grasping in nature, so she did what the Wolf asked her to do.

When the Wolf felt that the bone was gone, he started to walk away.

«But what about my reward!» called the Crane anxiously.

«What!» snarled the Wolf, whirling around. «Haven’t you got it? Isn’t it enough that I let you take your head out of my mouth without snapping it off?»

Expect no reward for serving the wicked.

THE ASS AND HIS DRIVER

An Ass was being driven along a road leading down the mountain side, when he suddenly took it into his silly head to choose his own path. He could see his stall at the foot of the mountain, and to him the quickest way down seemed to be over the edge of the nearest cliff. Just as he was about to leap over, his master caught him by the tail and tried to pull him back, but the stubborn Ass would not yield and pulled with all his might.

«Very well,» said his master, «go your way, you willful beast, and see where it leads you.»

With that he let go, and the foolish Ass tumbled head over heels down the mountain side.

They who will not listen to reason but stubbornly go their own way against the friendly advice of those who are wiser than they, are on the road to misfortune.

THE OXEN AND THE WHEELS

A pair of Oxen were drawing a heavily loaded wagon along a miry country road. They had to use all their strength to pull the wagon, but they did not complain.

The Wheels of the wagon were of a different sort. Though the task they had to do was very light compared with that of the Oxen, they creaked and groaned at every turn. The poor Oxen, pulling with all their might to draw the wagon through the deep mud, had their ears filled with the loud complaining of the Wheels. And this, you may well know, made their work so much the harder to endure.

«Silence!» the Oxen cried at last, out of patience. «What have you Wheels to complain about so loudly? We are drawing all the weight, not you, and we are keeping still about it besides.»

They complain most who suffer least. [Pg 23]

THE LION AND THE MOUSE

A Lion lay asleep in the forest, his great head resting on his paws. A timid little Mouse came upon him unexpectedly, and in her fright and haste to get away, ran across the Lion’s nose. Roused from his nap, the Lion laid his huge paw angrily on the tiny creature to kill her.

«Spare me!» begged the poor Mouse. «Please let me go and some day I will surely repay you.»

The Lion was much amused to think that a Mouse could ever help him. But he was generous and finally let the Mouse go.

Some days later, while stalking his prey in the forest, the Lion was caught in the toils of a hunter’s net. Unable to free himself, he filled the forest with his angry roaring. The Mouse knew the voice and quickly found the Lion struggling in the net. Running to one of the great ropes that bound him, she gnawed it until it parted, and soon the Lion was free.

«You laughed when I said I would repay you,» said the Mouse. «Now you see that even a Mouse can help a Lion.»

A kindness is never wasted.

THE SHEPHERD BOY AND THE WOLF

A Shepherd Boy tended his master’s Sheep near a dark forest not far from the village. Soon he found life in the pasture very dull. All he could do to amuse himself was to talk to his dog or play on his shepherd’s pipe.

One day as he sat watching the Sheep and the quiet forest, and thinking what he would do should he see a Wolf, he thought of a plan to amuse himself.

His Master had told him to call for help should a Wolf attack the flock, and the Villagers would drive it away. So now, though he had not seen anything that even looked like a Wolf, he ran toward the village shouting at the top of his voice, «Wolf! Wolf!»

As he expected, the Villagers who heard the cry dropped their work and ran in great excitement to the pasture. But when they got there they found the Boy doubled up with laughter at the trick he had played on them.

A few days later the Shepherd Boy again shouted, «Wolf! Wolf!» Again the Villagers ran to help him, only to be laughed at again.

Then one evening as the sun was setting behind the forest and the shadows were creeping out over the pasture, a Wolf really did spring from the underbrush and fall upon the Sheep.

In terror the Boy ran toward the village shouting «Wolf! Wolf!» But though the Villagers heard the cry, they did not run to help him as they had before. «He cannot fool us again,» they said.

The Wolf killed a great many of the Boy’s sheep and then slipped away into the forest.

Liars are not believed even when they speak the truth.

THE GNAT AND THE BULL

A Gnat flew over the meadow with much buzzing for so small a creature and settled on the tip of one of the horns of a Bull. After he had rested a short time, he made ready to fly away. But before he left he begged the Bull’s pardon for having used his horn for a resting place.

«You must be very glad to have me go now,» he said.

«It’s all the same to me,» replied the Bull. «I did not even know you were there.»

We are often of greater importance in our own eyes than in the eyes of our neighbor.

The smaller the mind the greater the conceit.

���������� �������� a, an, the � ���������� �����

������� � ���������� �����: a, an, the. ������� �������������. �������.

������������ �������� � ���������� �����: ����������� ������� the , ������������� ������� a ( an ), ������� �������.

������������ �������� � ���������� ����� � ������� ������ ��� ���������� ������� ���� ���� �� ����� ��������������� ������ � ����. ������� � ���������� ����� ������ ��� �����, �, �������� �� ��, ��� ���������� ������ �������, ����������� �� �������������, ������� ���������� ������� ����� ������ �������.

���������� ��� ������� � ���������� �����:

������������ ������� the : Did you enjoy the party? — ���� ����������� ���������?

В школе этого не расскажут:  Популярные учебники NIIED и Вон Гван

��� �������������� ������� � ����������:

— ������� a — �����������, ���� ��������� ����� ���������� � ���������: I�m reading a book about England — � ����� ����� �� ������

— ������� an — ���� �����, ������� ����� ����, ���������� � �������: I read an interesting story — � ������ ���������� �������

� zero article � (������� ������� � ���������� �����) � ��� ���������� ��������: Does she like meat or fish? — ��� ����� ���� ��� ����?

������� � ���������� ����� ����� ������ ��������������� ����� ���������������:

She is an artist — ��� ��������

����� ����, ������� � ���������� ����� ���� �������� �� ���������������� � ������� ������� ��� ���������������:

the newly renovated church — ������� ������������������ �������

a beautiful young woman — �������� ������� �������

������� ������������ �������� � ���������� �����

������������ ������������� �������� � ���������� ����� �a� � �an� :

1. ������������� ������� � ���������� ����� � a � ��� � an � ������������� � ���������������� ������ � ������������ ����� � ��������� �������:

1.1. ���� � �������� ��� �������� ��������� �������, � �����, ���� ����� ��������������� ����� �������������� � ������� ����������� ������������� ���������:

Can I make a suggestion? — ���� � ������������?

Suddenly there was a loud bang — �������� �������� ������� ����

1.2. � ���������������� � ����������� � there is � ( there was ):

There was a noise outdoors — �� ����� ��� �����-�� ���

1.3. � ���������������� � ��������� � �������������� � such �:

such a day, such a car etc .

1.4. � ��������������� ������������ � ������������ ������������ � what � ������������� ������������� ������� � ���������� �����:

What a day! �What a nice journey!�

1.5. C ����������������, ������� ������������ ����� � half �:

half an hour, half a day etc .

1.6. �����, ������� ���������� � ����� � u �, ��� �������, ��� ��� ������������ ��� / ju: / (��������, � united�, �useful �), ������ ������������� � �������� � a � (not � an �):

English is an universal language

English is a universal language

1.7. C���� � one and ones � � ��� �����, ������������ � ���� ���� ( such as one-sided, once-over ),������ ������������� � �������� � a �:

a one-parent family, a one-way trip etc .

1.8. ���� ������������ ���������� � ����: F, H, L, M, N, R, S or X , � ������������ ���� ���� ���������� � �������� ����� (��������, F ������������, ��� / ef /), �� � ����� ������� ������ ������������ ������������� ������� � an � (not � a �):

an MBA degree, an FBI agent etc .

1.9. � ������� ��������� ���������� ��������� ������������� ������������� ������� � ���������� �����:

a lot of, twice a day, as a result, it�s a pity .

1.10. � �����������:

a pilot , an engineer .

������������ ������������� ������� � ���������� ����� �the�

2. ������������ ������� the � ���������� ����� ������������� ��� � ������������ ������, ��� � �� �������������; ��� � ������������, ��� � � �������������� ���������������� � ��������� �������:

2.1. ���� ���� ���� � ���������� ���� ��� �������� � ���������� ��������: Can you walk the dog? Can you put the book on the table? ��� ����������� �����, � ����� ������ � � ����� ����� ���� ����. ������� �������, ����������� ������� the � ��� ���������� ��������� ���� ���, ����������. �����������, ��� �� ������������� �� �������� � �������� ������ �����: �� �����(��) the �������. ����� ������� �� ������� ������ ����� � �����������, ���� �� ����� ���� �� �������: �� �����(��) ��� ��� �������, � ��� ���� ������� �� �����, � ����� �������� ��� ����. �������, �������� � �������� ��� �������� �������, ��������� ����� �������: I bought a phone yesterday .

2.2. ���� ������� ��� ������� ����� ��������:

� This is the phone that I was telling you about yesterday �.

2.3. ���� � �������� ��� ���� ����������� � ��������� �����:

This is a house. The house is very old .

2.4. ���� ��������������� � ���������� ����� �������� ������������ � ����� ���� �������, �������� ����������� ������� the:

the sun, the world, the sky, the universe , ��� �� ������������ � ����������� ������������ �������: the door, the window etc .

2.5. � ��������� � ��������������� � ������������ �������:

the best friend, the longest trip etc .

2.6. � ��������� � ����������� ������������� � ���������� �����:

the first day, the second chance etc .

2.7. ��� ������������ � �������������� �same�:

the same day, the same time etc .

2.8. � ����������������, ������������� �������� ����, ���������, ��������, ������ �������, ����� ��������, ������ �����, ���, �����, �������:

the Thames, the Atlantic Ocean, the Alps, the Bermudas, the English Channel, the Gulf Stream, the Suez Canal, the Niagara Falls etc .

2.9. � ���������� �����, ��������� �� ���������� ����, ���������� � ���� ���������: federation, republic, union, state, kingdom. ��������:

the German Federal Republic, the USA, the UK etc .

2.10. � ��������� ������� ����� ������������� ����������� ������� the � ����������:

the Sahara Desert

2.11. � �������� ���������� ����������� ������� the � ���������� ����� ������������� �� ���������� ��������������� ����������: the Netherlands (� �������� �� ������� � ����� �����, ����� ��������, ��� ��� ���-���� ����-�� �����������, ���������� ������������ ������� � ���������� �����):

the Crimea, the Caucasus, the Vatican, the Congo, the Lebanon, the Hague � � ���������� �������

2.12. � ����������������, ������������� �������� ��������, �������, ������, �����:

the Hilton, the Covent Garden, the Titanic, the Bolshoy Theatre etc .

2.13. � ����������������, ������������� �������� ������������ �����:

the Financial Times, the Daily Mail etc .

2.14. � ������� ���������� ��������� ������������� ����������� ������� the:

to play the piano/ the violin / the guitar / the cello etc., to tell the truth, to go to the cinema/ theatre, to listen to the radio, the other way

2.15. � ���������, ���� ������� ����� �� ������������� ����� � ���������� ��� �����:

the Smiths, the Browns etc .

������������ �������� ������� �zero article» (�������� �������� � ���������� �����)

3. ������� � ���������� ����� ���������� � ��������� �������:

3.1. ����� ������� ������������, � ����� ����� ����������������, ������������� ������ � ������:

Professor N., General B., Queen Y .

3.2. ����� ����������������, ������������� ��� ������ �� ����������:

3.3. � ���������������� � ��������� � ���������� � ���������� ����� � from �.to, from �. till �:

from beginning to end, from north to south, from nothing till everything, from head to foot etc .

3.4. � ����������������, ����� ������� ����������� ����� ��� �����:

page 45, room 8, tram 7

3.5. � ���������������� ����� �������� � to appoint �, � to elect �:

to appoint director, to elect deputy .

3.6. ������� � ���������� ����� �� ������������� � ����������������, ������������� ��������� �������������� �������:

3.6.1. �������� �����������, � ����� ����� � �������, ��������� �� ������ ����� ������������:

Europe, Asia, Australia, France, Italy, Spain etc .

3.6.2. �������� ��������� �������� (���� ��� �� ������ ��������), ��� (���� ��� �� ������ ����), � ����� �������� ���� (���� � �� �������� ���� ����� � Lake �):

Malta, Elbrus, Lake Ontario etc .

3.6.3. �������� ���� � ��������:

Red Square, Trafalgar Square, Street, Regent Street etc .

3.7. � ���������� ����� � ���������� ������:

Tasty farewell to winter, Colour of Dream

3.8. � ��������� ���������� ���������� ������� � ���������� ����� �� �������������:

on foot, by heart, by car, at home etc .

3.9. ��� ������������ ����� ��������������� � ����� ������:

Time is money. Life isn’t easy. Love and friendship �

��� ����������� ���� ��������������� � ������������������ �������� ������������ ������������ ������� � ���������� �����:

Don�t you know anything about the life of this people? Where is the money I�ve laid on the shelf?

������� � ���������� �����. ����������

���. 1. �������� �������, ��� ����������.

1.This is . book. It is my . book. 2. Is this your . pencil? � No, it isn’t my . pencil, it is ray sister’s . pencil. 3. I have . sister. My . sister is . engineer. My sister’s . husband is . doctor. 4. I have no . handbag. 5. Is this . watch? � No, it isn’t . watch, it’s . pen. 6. My sister is at . school. She is . pupil. 7. My cousin has . big . black . cat. My cousin’s . cat has two . kittens. 8. I like your . beautiful . flower. Give me . flower, please. 9. My . mother is at . home. She is reading . interesting . book. 10. My . father is not at . home. He is at . work. He is . doctor. He is . good . doctor. He works at . hospital. . hospital is large.

1. This is . good . book. Take . book from . table. Put this . book into . bookcase.

2. . weath�er is fine today. . sky is blue. . sun is shining brightly in . blue . sky.

3. Where is . soup? � . soup is in . big saucepan on . gas-cooker.

4. Where are . cut�lets? � . cutlets are in . refrigerator on . lit�tle plate.

5. There is no . bread on . table. Where is . bread?

6. . weather is fine today. Let’s go and play in . yard. There are many . children in . yard. They are playing with . ball.

7. Where is . table in your brother’s . room? � His . table is near . window.

8. I can see . fine . vase on . shelf. Is it your . vase?

9. We have no . piano in our . living-room.

10 . My . uncle is . married. He has . beautiful wife. They have . son, but they have no . daughter.

11. I can see . nice . coffee-table in . middle of . room to . right of . door. It is . black and . red. I like . coffee-table.

12. Our . TV-set is on . little . table in . corner of . room.

13. There is. beauti �ful picture in my father’s . study, . picture is on . wall to . left of . window.

14. This is . boy. . boy is at. school. He is . pupil. This . boy is my . brother ‘s . friend. He has . cat, but he has no . dog. He likes his . cat. He gives . cat . milk every day.

15. Yesterday I received . letter from my . friend. . letter was interesting.

17. Are you . worker? � No, I am . student.

���. 3. �������� �������, ��� ����������.

1. My brother is . pupil. He goes to . school.He goes to . school in . morning. He has five or six . lessons every day. In . afternoon he goes . home. At . home he does his . homework. In . evening he reads . books. He usually goes to . bed at . half past ten. At . night he sleeps. 2. My father goes to . work in . morning and

comes . home in . evening. 3. I get up at . half past seven in . morning and go to . bed at . quarter to eleven in . evening. 4. When does your mother leave . home for . work? � She leaves . home for . work at . quarter past eight. 5. When do you leave . home for . school? � I leave . home for . school at. half past. eight .

���. 4. �������� �������, ��� ���������� .

It was. hot day. . sun was shining brightly in . blue sky. . wolf and . lamb met at . stream. . water in . stream was cool and clear. . wolf saw that . lamb was fat and wanted to eat it. He began to shout : «You, . fool, you are making . water dirty!» . lamb was afraid. It looked at . wolf and said in . thin voice: «But, . Mr. Wolf, I cannot make . water dirty for you from . place where I am standing, because . stream runs from you to me.» «Stop talking!» shouted . wolf in . angry voice. «I know you! I met you six months ago, and you were very rude to me.» «You are wrong, . Mr. Wolf,» cried . lamb, «you could not meet me six months ago: I am only four . months old.» «Never mind,» said . wolf, �if it wasn’t you, it was your brother.» And with these . words he seized . poor lamb and carried it into . wood.

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