Discussing what you have done in Russian

Discussing what you have done in Russian

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Bill who writes

. I don’t think it will be a problem for me to choose a good job in the future as I’m really interested in foreign languages, cultures and countries and I hope I’ll work as a translator or teacher of foreign languages some day. Have you already dec >I’ve lived in the USA my whole life but I’d really love to travel to other countries.

Write a letter to Bill. In your letter answer his questions, ask 3 questions about his plans for travelling. Write 100−140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Thank you for your letter. I couldn’t write you any earlier, I’m sorry about that. It’s great that you have already chosen your future job!

Talking about me — I’m not that sure as you are. I also like foreign languages, different cultures and I enjoy travelling, but I don’t think that translation or being a professor is something for me. I’d like to choose a job which would give me a possibility of travelling, meeting new people, communicate with them in a foreign language, because that’s what I’m interested in and what, I guess I could do successfully.

Anyway, you’ve mentioned travelling. Have you already dec >I’ve got to go as my friend is asking me for help.

Ten Things Never to Say or Do in Russia

Sometimes, knowing what NOT to do is even more important if you want to fit in or at least produce a good impression. Read on to find out about ten Russian social taboos.

Don’t come to visit empty-handed

If you’re invited over for dinner, or just for a visit, don’t come to a Russian house with nothing. What you bring doesn’t really matter — a box of chocolates, flowers, or a small toy for a child. Russian hosts prepare for company by cooking their best dishes and buying delicacies that they normally wouldn’t for themselves. If, after all this effort, a guest shows up without even a flower, Russians believe he doesn’t care.

Don’t leave your shoes on in someone’s home

Russian apartments are covered in rugs. Often, they’re expensive Persian rugs with intricate designs, which aren’t cleaned as easily as traditional American carpeting. Besides, Russians walk a lot through dusty streets, instead of just stepping from the car directly into the home. For these reasons, and also because this tradition has gone on for centuries, Russians take off their street shoes when they enter private residencies. The host usually offers a pair of tapochki (tah-puhch-kee; slippers); if you go to a party, women usually bring a pair of nice shoes to wear inside. And again, if you fail to take your shoes off, nobody will say anything. But sneak a peek: Are you the only person wearing your snow-covered boots at the dinner table?

Don’t joke about the parents

Russians aren’t politically correct. Go ahead and tell an anyekdot (uh-neek-doht; joke) based on ethnicity, appearance, or gender stereotypes; just steer clear of jokes about somebody’s mother or father. You won’t be understood.

Don’t toast with “Na Zdorov’ye!”

People who don’t speak Russian usually think that they know one Russian phrase: a toast, Na Zdorov’ye! Little do they know that Na Zdorov’ye! (nuh zdah-rohv’-ee; for health) is what Russians say when somebody thanks them for a meal. In Polish, indeed, Na Zdorov’ye! or something close to it, is a traditional toast. Russians, on the other hand, like to make up something long and complex, such as, Za druzhbu myezhdu narodami! (zah droozh-boo myezh-doo nuh-roh-duh-mee; To friendship between nations!) If you want a more generic Russian toast, go with Za Vas! (zuh vahs; To you!)

Don’t take the last shirt

A Russian saying, otdat’ poslyednyuyu rubashku (aht-daht’ pahs-lyed-nyu-yu roo-bahsh-koo; to give away one’s last shirt), makes the point that you have to be giving, no matter what the expense for yourself. In Russia, offering guests whatever they want is considered polite. Those wants don’t just include food or accommodations; old-school Russians offer you whatever possessions you comment on, like a picture on the wall, a vase, or a sweater.

Now, being offered something doesn’t necessarily mean you should take it. Russians aren’t offering something because they want to get rid of it; they’re offering because they want to do something nice for you. So, unless you feel that plundering their home is a good idea, don’t just take things offered to you and leave. Refuse first, and do so a couple of times, because your hosts will insist. And only accept the gift if you really want this special something, but then return the favor and give your hosts something nice, as well.

Don’t underdress

Russians dress up on more occasions than Americans do. Even to go for a casual walk, a Russian woman may wear high heels and a nice dress. A hardcore feminist may say women do this because they’re victimized and oppressed. But Russian women themselves explain it this way, “We only live once; I want to look and feel my best.”

On some occasions, all foreigners, regardless of gender, run the risk of being the most underdressed person in the room. These occasions include dinner parties and trips to the theater. Going to a restaurant is also considered a festive occasion, and you don’t want to show up in your jeans and T-shirt, no matter how informal you think the restaurant may be. In any case, checking on the dress code before going out somewhere is a good idea.

Don’t go dutch

Here’s where Russians differ strikingly from Western Europeans. They don’t go Dutch. So, if you ask a lady out, don’t expect her to pay for herself, not at a restaurant or anywhere else. You can, of course, suggest that she pay, but that usually rules out the possibility of seeing her again. She may not even have money on her. Unless they expect to run into a maniac and have to escape through the back exit, Russian women wouldn’t think of bringing money when going out with a man.

Don’t let a woman carry something heavy

This rule may make politically correct people cringe, but Russians believe that a man is physically stronger than a woman. Therefore, they believe a man who watches a woman carry something heavy without helping her is impolite.

Don’t overlook the elderly on public transportation

When Russians come to America and ride public transportation, they’re very confused to see young people sitting when an elderly person is standing nearby. They don’t understand that in America, an elderly person may be offended when offered a seat. In Russia, if you don’t offer the elderly and pregnant women a seat on a bus, the entire bus looks at you as if you’re a criminal. Women, even (or especially) young ones, are also offered seats on public transportation. But that’s optional. Getting up and offering a seat to an elderly person, on the other hand, is a must.

Don’t burp in public

Bodily functions are considered extremely impolite in public, even if the sound is especially long and expressive, and the author is proud of it.

Moreover, if the incident happens (we’re all human), don’t apologize. By apologizing, you acknowledge your authorship, and attract more attention to the fact. Meanwhile, Russians, terrified by what just happened, pretend they didn’t notice, or silently blame it on the dog. Obviously, these people are in denial. But if you don’t want to be remembered predominantly for this incident, steer clear of natural bodily functions in public.

What do you think about Russia? (Part 2)

Приветствую всех постоянных читателей! Я рада, что вы не отписываетесь и, надеюсь, не только получаете, но и читаете тексты, которые я публикую.

Greetings to all loyal readers! I am glad that you are not unsubscribing to hear and, I hope, not only receive, but also read the texts that I publish.

Сегодня я решила выложить продолжение высказываний иностранцев о России (вторую часть). В Ворде получилось 20 страниц. Буду рада, если вы напишите в комментариях — интересно или нет, а то после первой части я потеряла разом несколько подписчиков.

Today I decided to put the continuation of remarks from foreigners about Russia (second part). It gets 28 pages in the MS Word. I would be glad if you write your comments — interesting or not, because after the first part I lost a few subscribers at once.

Хочу предупредить, что английский не идеальный, так как писали люди из разных стран, и не для всех английский — родной, что-то я поправила, но не все. Надеюсь, перевод достаточно понятный, если найдете ошибки — пишите в комментариях, пожалуйста.

I want to warn you that English is not perfect, because people were writing from different countries, and not for all of them English is a mother tongue, something I corrected, but not everything. I hope the translation is clear enough, if you find mistakes — write your comments below, please.

И еще, я специально ничего не удаляла, не выбирала, не переставляла, таким образом ветвь форума, где люди дискутируют и выражают свое мнение, сохранена. Найти чье-либо высказывание, например Alessio, которое многие продолжают обсуждать, можно в первой части, но у читывая длину текста, удобно пользоваться поиском — для этого нажмите «Ctrl+F», наберите «Alessio» и нажмите «Enter».

What do you think about Russia? («Что вы думаете о России?») – этот вопрос был задан посетителям сайта путешественников www . CouchSerfing . org на форуме России (там есть отдельные форумы каждой страны, города).

Ветвь дискуссии. (Часть вторая)

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 12:42 pm by Eren Dogan from Marmaris, Turkey

I agree with Alessio is right but I want to point out that these are the qualifications for Moscow, I don’t know if he visited other cities, but generalizing Moscow concepts to Russia is a fatal mistake. Russia is a continent and Moscow is bigger than many countries in Europe itself.

Я согласен с Алессио, он прав, но я хочу отметить, что это характерно для Москвы, я не знаю, бывал ли он в других городах, но обобщать представление о Москве на всю Россию — роковая ошибка. Россия это континент, и Москва больше, чем многие страны в самой Европе.

Moscow is a business city and you can feel the stress in the street or while running from one metro station to another. You cannot see such scenes in Novosibirsk or Krasnodar. I think people are friendlier in smaller cities compared to Moscow.

Москва это деловой город, и вы можете чувствовать напряжение на улице или пока добираетесь от одной станции метро до другой. Вы не сможете увидеть подобных сцен в Новосибирске или Краснодаре. Я думаю, что люди дружественнее (дружелюбнее) в небольших городах по сравнению с Москвой.

And yes one thing, even my Japanese business partners are not consuming that much sushi ) But I should admit it fits good with Russian champanskiy )

И да, еще одно замечание, даже мои японские деловые партнеры не потребляет так много суши ) Но я должен признаться, это хорошо сочетается с русским шампанским )

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 1:04 pm by Olga Smelaya from Moscow, Russia

ADAMNEWYORK I want to say about Russian «rampant nationalism». I think you mixed up two different conceptions. I was in the US and yours patriotism has nothing in common with Russian nationalism. Americans are very tolerant people, not aggressive. Russian nationalism is very aggressive and stupid.

ADAMNEWYORK , я хочу сказать о русском «безудержном национализме». Я думаю, вы перепутали две различные концепции. Я была в США, ваш патриотизм не имеет ничего общего с русским национализмом. Американцы очень терпимы к людям, а не агрессивны. Русский национализм – очень агрессивный и глупый.

For example I forbad my German friends to come to Russia during our celebration of the victory.

Например, я запретила моим немецким друзьям приезжать в Россию во время празднования Дня победы.

Afro-Americans don’t feel here safety. We have many young boys who can just hit somebody if this person has the different appearance.

Афро-американцы не чувствуют себя здесь в безопасности. У нас много молодых людей, которые могут просто побить кого-то, если этот человек выглядит иначе.

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 1:37 pm by ADAMNEWYORK from Los Angeles, United States

True, the US consulate warns Americans that «incidents of unprovoked, violent harassment against racial and ethnic minorities regularly occur throughout the Russian Federation».

Правда, консульство США предупреждает американцев, что «случаи неспровоцированного, жестокого обращения по отношению к расовым и этническим меньшинствам регулярно происходят по всей России».

Even so, does this represent most Russians? All it takes is a small group of extreme people to cause a lot of problems. Maybe this group has hijacked the idea of nationalism, and used it to promote violence. But that doesn’t mean strong nationalism is a bad thing for most other people.

Тем не менее, разве это представляет большинство россиян? Все это — небольшая группа экстремистов, вызывающие много проблем. Может быть, эта группа позаимствовала идеи национализма, и использовала их для прикрытия насилия. Но это не значит, что здоровый (сильный) национализм — это плохо для большинства других людей.

The US has had its problems with violence and discrimination against minorities in many places, and it still exists today — there are some places in cities that white people won’t go at night, and some places black or Latino people don’t go, because its considered dangerous for different races.

У США были свои проблемы с насилием и дискриминацией в отношении меньшинств во многих местах, и на сегодня это все еще существует — Есть некоторые места в городах, где белые люди не будут ходить ночью, и некоторые места черные или латиноамериканцы не посещают, потому что считают их опасными для других рас.

It was never a nationalist thing, but a deep cultural divide that could become violent. Today, parts of Europe have its problems with «nationalist» extremists, so few people are openly patriotic, except at football matches, because these extremists have ruined the concept. I think that ’ s unfortunate .

Это никогда не было националистическим вопросом, а из-за глубокого культурного разрыва, который может стать сильным. Сегодня, у (разных) частей Европы есть свои проблемы с «националистическими» экстремистами, лишь несколько людей, которые открыто патриотичные, кроме футбольных матчей, потому что эти экстремисты разрушили концепцию. Я думаю , что это прискорбно .

I am sure I will learn more when I go to Russia.

Я уверен, что узнаю больше, когда приеду в Россию.

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 1:39 pm by Ludmila Ch. from Moscow, Russia

В школе этого не расскажут:  Спряжение глагола gemmer во французском языке.

If you travel to Russia a short time — you’re just wasting your money. You see the Russian culture , architecture , painting , etc .

Если вы путешествуете в Россию на короткое время — вы просто тратите деньги. Вы посмотрите на русскую культуру, архитектуру, живопись и т.д.

If you live in Russia for a long time — that Russia sees otherwise. You’re confronted with the peculiarities of doing business. Well, if you work in an international company — it has all been established. And if you need to start from scratch — the fun (or worst) is starting. )))

Если вы живете в России в течение длительного времени — эта Россия выглядит иначе. Вы столкнетесь с особенностями ведения бизнеса. Ну, если вы работаете в международной компании, — все это было уже основано (кем-то). А если вам нужно начинать с нуля — веселье (или самое худшее) только начинается. )))

Of course there are people who are interested in Russia as usual — read news, listen to radio, and watch TV.

Конечно, есть люди, которые интересуются Россией в обычном порядке – читают новости, слушают радио и смотрят телевизор.

Yes, Moscow metro is very stressful during peak hours especially, even for Muscovites, who used to ride around the city by car.

Да, московское метро – весьма напряженное, особенно в часы пик, даже для москвичей, которые ездили по городу на машине.

About Moscow and Russia: I thing that the capital is usually busier. For example , as Paris and France are .

О Москве и России: Я думаю, что столица обычно более занятая (деловая). Например , как Париж и Франция .

As for the Muscovites — on the streets, yes, we are unfriendly. But if you chat with Muscovites at their home for a cup of tea — you will know the other side.

Что же касается москвичей — на улицах, да, мы недружелюбны. Но если вы поболтаете с москвичами дома за чашкой чая — вы узнаете другую сторону.

I don’t think that the Day of Victory so dangerous. But, just in case, it is better not to speak German.

Я не думаю, что День Победы так опасен. Но, на всякий случай, лучше не говорить по-немецки.

I think the worst holiday in Moscow — a Day of Airborne Forces. For St. Petersburg is probably the Day of the Navy.

Я думаю, худший праздник в Москве — День Воздушно-десантных войск. Для Санкт-Петербурга, может быть, День Военно-Морского Флота.

Posted April 19 th , 2020 — 2:03 pm by Eren Dogan from Marmaris , Turkey

Personally the strangest day of Russia was when I was in Spb in April and I saw that some skinheads were celebrating the birthday of Adolf Hitler, Thanks God I was white enough to survive in the metro station.

Лично для меня, самый странный день в России был, когда я был в СПб в апреле, и я увидел, что некоторые скинхеды отмечали день рождения Адольфа Гитлера, Слава Богу, я был достаточно белым, чтобы выжить в метро.

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 2:13 pm by Olga Smelaya from Moscow, Russia

I agree with Ludmila. There is big difference between Moscow and small Russian cities.

Я согласна с Людмилой. Существует большая разница между Москвой и малыми городами России.

Ludmila, my German friends speak German, that’s why I asked them don’t go to Moscow during celebration the Day of the Victory :)

Людмила, мои немецкие друзья говорят (только) по-немецки, поэтому я попросила их, не приезжать в Москву во время празднования Дня Победы :)

In general I don’t like at Russians only one thing — aggression. All countries have skinheads, all countries have discrimination. But I feel myself more comfortable and save in Europe and USA.

В целом мне не нравится у россиян только одно — агрессия. Во всех странах существуют скинхеды, все страны имеют дискриминации. Но я чувствую себя более комфортно и безопаснее в Европе и США.

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 2:47 pm by Margo Clayson from Inkom, United States

Adam, I would have to agree with Olga on the nationalism/patriotism. Perhaps you will notice it when you are in Russia, with people who have not lived in America. I know that my Russian friends here (in Idaho) develop a different attitude over a period of time, depending on if they are having a good life or not (my friends are Russian women who have married Americans).

Адам, я, пожалуй, соглашусь с Ольгой по поводу национализма / патриотизма. Возможно, вы заметите это, когда будете в России, с теми, кто не жил в Америке. Я знаю, что мои русские друзья здесь (в штате Айдахо) выработали другое отношение со временем, в зависимости от того, хорошо ли им живется или нет (мои друзья — русские женщины, которые вышли замуж за американцев).

Our family hosted two Russian exchange students several years ago. When the first one came, I had absolutely no knowledge of Russia. I grew up in the times of the USSR, and all we knew was that Russia was scary and «bad», America «good». I remember the fear that was instilled in us of nuclear war by the Russians (Russians learned it the other way around), the Cuban Missile crisis, and the fear of communism taking root in America.

Наша семья принимала двух русских студентов по обмену несколько лет назад. Когда приехал первый, у меня не было абсолютно никаких знаний о России. Я выросла во времена СССР, и все мы знали, это то, что Россия была страшной, и «плохая», а Америка «хорошая». Я помню страх, который внушался нам ядерной войной со стороны русских (русских учили обратному), кубинский ракетный кризис, и страх перед коммунизмом пускает корни в Америке.

When the USSR dissolved, Russia left the media’s radar and we no longer heard anything about her. Russia was no longer the primary ‘threat’, but also not quite an ally. Because the media could not put a label on Russia, and other threats developed in other parts of the world, Russia literally disappeared from our national radar.

Когда распался СССР, Россия выпала из поля зрения средств массовой информации, и мы уже ничего не слышали о ней. Россия больше не была основной «угрозой», но не была и союзником. Так как средства массовой информации не могли повесить ярлык на Россию, и другие угрозы, развившиеся в других частях мира, Россия буквально исчезла из нашего национального радара.

Our students do not study much about the rest of the world — just a class or two and that is it for most, and other than that Russia was an ally during WW2 and put up an ‘Iron Curtain’ afterwards, we learned little about Russia. Many Americans today still do not differentiate between the USSR and Russia of today which ignorance is a shame, but that is another story. When my first Russian son (which is how I feel about our exchange students) came, I literally had to search on the map to find Russia.

Наши студенты не изучают много об остальном мире — просто класс или два, то, что нужно больше всего, и кроме того, что Россия была союзником во время второй мировой войны и воздвижении «железного занавеса» после этого, мы изучаем совсем немного о России. Многие американцы сегодня все еще не делают различия между СССР и сегодняшней России, это незнание является позором, но это уже другая история. Когда мой первый русский сын (это то, как я отношусь к нашим студентам по обмену) приехал, я буквально исследовала карту, чтобы найти Россию.

From that young man I developed not only a knowledge and respect for Russia, but a deep curiosity. He was one of the best examples that Russia could have sent to America — extremely intelligent, open minded (up to a point — he has deep nationalistic feelings also), willing to learn and teach, sweet natured (the girls still ask about him, 3 years later!) and respectful. When he left, I decided to prepare myself to visit Russia, to learn more about her.

С этого молодого человека я развила не только знания и уважение к России, но и глубоким любопытством. Он был одним из лучших примеров, которые Россия могла бы отправить в Америку — чрезвычайно умный, открытый / непредвзятый (в известной степени, он имеет также глубокие национальные чувства), готовый учиться и учить, сладко добродушный (девушки до сих пор спрашивают о нем, 3 года спустя!) и почтителен. Когда он ушел, я решила подготовить себя посетить Россию, чтобы узнать больше о ней.

Russia is a vast puzzle to most Americans, if they think about it at all. I began to learn Russian (yup- extremely difficult!) and through that desire met a number of Russian women living in our small town. We became fast friends (Russians are the most loyal of friends!), and they encouraged my desire to go to Russia. They worried about me — they considered me naive, too ‘nice’, too trusting — and I smiled too much. They all insisted that I visit their families and towns as well, and I can say that I had a once-in-a-lifetime experience in Russia, naivety, smiles and all.

Россия является огромной загадкой для большинства американцев, если они вообще о ней думают. Я начала учить русский язык (да — очень сложно!) И через это желание встретила несколько русских женщин, живущих в нашем маленьком городке. Мы быстро подружились (русские самые верные друзья!), и они поощряли мое желание посетить Россию. Они беспокоились обо мне, они считали меня наивной, слишком «хорошей», слишком доверчивой, и я улыбалась слишком много. Все они настаивали, чтобы я посетила их семьи и города разумеется, и я могу сказать, что у меня есть единственный в жизни опыт посещения России, наивность, улыбки и все другое.

I spent 4 weeks in Russia and loved it. Only once did I feel uncomfortable, when a drunk man moved into my compartment for a portion of a train trip. That was a bit ‘interesting’, but ended well. Every other person I met was wonderful, kind and welcoming. I was treated like royalty everywhere I went — I have never in my life experienced hospitality such as I experienced in Russia!

Я провела 4 недели в России и полюбила ее. Только один раз я чувствовала себя неудобно, когда пьяный мужчина вошел в мое купе на часть поездки. Это было немного «интересным», но обошлось благополучно. Любые другие люди, которых я встречала, были замечательными, добрыми и гостеприимными. Со мной обходились как с королевной везде, где я была, я никогда в жизни не чувствовала такого гостеприимства, которое я испытала в России!

One example: in Krasnoyarsk, Stas and I were wandering about and began a conversation on a bus with a lovely lady and her young daughter. When she found out that we were sight-seeing and lost, they changed their plans to take us around. This is the kind of friendly attitude I experienced from St.P to Irkutsk, in small towns and big cities. Of course, there was also the outright rudeness of shop workers, but there is a huge difference between public behavior and private behavior.

Один пример: в Красноярске, Стас и я бродили (по городу) (/заблудились) и заговорили об автобусе с замечательной дамой и ее маленькой дочерью. Когда она узнала, что мы осматривали достопримечательности и заблудились, они изменила свои планы, чтобы проводить нас. Такое доброжелательное отношение я испытала от СПб до Иркутска, в малых и больших городах. Конечно, была и прямая грубость работников магазинов, но есть огромная разница между общественным поведением и частным.

Well, I have only begun to express my feelings about Russia, but this has turned into a missive so I will end with my expression that I love Russia. Yes, there are problems — corruption and politics tear a great people down — but once those are sorted out I believe that Russia may again become a big player on the world stage, and I believe quite possibly for the benefit of the world as a whole. The bottom line is that Russia, like the young Russians I know and love, have a vast potential and a wonderful future ahead.

Ну, я только начала выражать свои чувства в отношении России, но это превратилось в целое послание, поэтому я заканчиваю мое отношение тем, что я люблю Россию. Да, Есть проблемы с разрушительной коррупцией и политикой больших (/крупных) людей ( tear down – разрушать) , но как только с этим разберутся, Я считаю, что Россия может снова стать крупным игроком на мировой арене, и я полагаю, вполне возможно, на благо мира в целом. Суть в том, что Россия, как молодые россияне, которых я знаю и люблю, имеют огромный потенциал и прекрасное будущее.

And Ludmila, you were an awesome hostess and I have enjoyed our continuing friendship VERY much!!

И Людмила, вы были удивительно гостеприимной, и я наслаждаюсь нашей продолжающейся дружбой ОЧЕНЬ сильно!

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 2:58 pm by Ludmila Ch. from Moscow, Russia

WOW!! Margo! Thank you so much for this wonderful review!

WOW! Margo! Большое вам спасибо за это прекрасное мнение!

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 3:06 pm by Olga Smelaya from Moscow, Russia

Margo, I am really happy that you like Russia. I had the same experience in USA. I was really wondered that Americans tried to help me every time. When I tried to look at my map or when waiter drove us home (her house was near house of our home-stay-family).

Марго, я действительно рада, что вам нравится Россия. У меня был такое же ощущение в США. Я была действительно удивлена тем, что американцы пытались помочь мне каждый раз. Когда я попыталась разобраться в карте или когда официант отвез нас домой (ее дом был рядом с домом семьи, у которой мы гостили).

I am in love with USA and the best city in the world San Francisco. Now I think that the best people in the world live in USA :)

Я влюблена в США и в лучший город мира Сан-Франциско. Теперь я думаю, что лучшие люди в мире живут в США :)

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 4:01 pm by Ludmila Ch. from Moscow, Russia

In fact, the skinheads are illegal, the police do not gather in large groups (In Moscow). Therefore, in Moscow the skinheads are harder to gather than in the St. Petersburg. Or am I behind the times ? ))

На самом деле, скинхеды вне закона, полиция не позволяет им собираться в большие группы (в Москве). Таким образом, в Москве скинхедов труднее собирать, чем в Санкт-Петербурге. Или я отстала от жизни ? ))

Once I was vacationing in St. Petersburg during the celebration of Children’s Day. Cartoons were projected onto the main raised bridge, the loudspeaker played cartoons songs. Summer, white nights. All around the place was filled with people; they were everywhere — on the border levee, on the square, even on the roof of stopped trolleybus (although the police removed them from it later).

Однажды я была в отпуске в Санкт-Петербурге во время празднования Дня защиты детей. Мультфильмы проецировались на главный разведенный мост, по громкоговорителю звучали песни из мультфильмов. Лето, белые ночи. Вокруг было все заполнено людьми, они были везде — на набережной, на площади, даже на крыше остановившегося троллейбуса (хотя полицейские согнали их оттуда потом).

What struck me is that the road along the waterfront has been opened! Cars, including the enormously long limousines (without them is impossible!), slowly seeped through the crowd. People quietly give way to them, and they didn’t honk. And there was no framework — metal detectors at the entrance. Of all the security measures were only on duty police officers and an ambulance.

В школе этого не расскажут:  Глагол-связка To Be. Произношение согласных

Что поразило меня это то, что дорога вдоль набережной был открыта! Автомобили, в том числе чрезвычайно длинные лимузины (без них нельзя!), Медленно просачивались сквозь толпу. Люди спокойно уступали им дорогу, и они не сигналили. И не было рамок — металлоискателей на входе. Из всех мер безопасности были только дежурные полицейские и скорая помощь.

For Moscow, it’s unreal — we always block roads which are close to events with large numbers of people.

Для Москвы это нереально — мы всегда блокируем дороги, которые находятся рядом с местом проведения многолюдных мероприятий.

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 5:10 pm by Paulo Munhoz from Piracicaba, Brazil

Very nice thread! I am really enjoying it.

Очень хорошая тема! Я действительно наслаждаюсь этим.

I always wanted to visit Eastern Europe and I was reading all that I can from guides to websites and some things that I learned from them are posted in here some others aren’t.

Я всегда хотел посетить Восточную Европу, и я читал все, что мог — от путеводителей до веб-сайтов и некоторые вещи, о которых я узнал из них, опубликованы здесь, некоторые нет.

As a Brazilian I am really in contact with the extremes of life like honesty and corruption, poverty and wealth all that.

Как бразилец, я действительно знаком с такими крайностями жизни, как честность и коррупция, бедность и богатство, и все такое.

And what I’ve seen from sites and guides from Russia, seems to fit in my country’s profile somehow.

И то, что я видел на сайтах и гидах из России, кажется, соответствует описанию моей страны, так или иначе.

It was interesting to see how Russians seem to be having problems finding their identity after the communist fall. From what I read they kind of plunged themselves into alcoholism (easy to do it when they are selling vodka even on bus stops) and the people that are not so honest (let’s say Machiavellian) seem to be taken advantage of this situation, exploring the needs and weaknesses of the less psychologically/economically structured.

Было интересно посмотреть, как у русских, кажется, возникли проблемы с поиском своей идентичности после падения коммунизма. Из того, что я читал, они вроде спились (досл.: погрузились в алкоголизм) (это легко сделать, когда водку продают даже на автобусных остановках), а люди, которые не так честны (скажем, Макиавелли), похоже, воспользовались этой ситуацией, исследуя потребности и слабые стороны у менее психологически / экономически структурированных.

I’ve seen documentaries about the homeless kids in Russia. Which is also a problem seen in Brazil.

Я видел документальные фильмы о бездомных детях в России. Которые тоже являются проблемой в Бразилии.

Prostitution also happens, but in Russia it seems to be also connected to intravenous applied drugs which then create an aids problem.

Проституция тоже бывает, но в России это, кажется, также сопряжено с применением внутривенных наркотиков (препаратов), которые затем создают проблемы СПИДа.

None of that takes from me the desire to go visit you guys and maybe even help somehow.

Ничего из этого не изменит моего желания посетить вас, ребята, а может быть, даже как-то помочь.

Here in Brazil we have many social movements and NGOs that deal with the difficult situations of regaining the pride and honor of African-brazilians, natives and even immigrants that helped create Brazil like Italians, Spanish, Japanese, Germans etc.

Здесь, в Бразилии у нас есть много социальных движений и неправительственных организаций, которые имеют дело с трудными ситуациями по восстановлению гордости и чести афро-бразильцев, аборигенов и даже иммигрантов, которые помогают строить Бразилию, такие как итальянцы, испанцы, японцы, немцы и т.д.

So I think that small civil organizations can really make a difference when the government is really screwed up and is not able to help the people. I’d love to hear more of those NGOs if there are any of those there, I’d sure like to help if I can.

Так что я думаю, что малые гражданские организации могут реально изменить ситуацию, когда правительство действительно пьянствует и не в состоянии помочь людям. Мне бы очень хотелось услышать больше о тех НПО, если такие есть там, я бы очень хотел помочь, если смогу.

All the best from your warm BRIC brother!

Все самое лучшее от вашего теплого БРИК брата! ( BRIC – Brasil, Russia, India and China)

Hope to see you soon

Надеюсь увидеть вас скоро

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 5:25 pm by Ludmila Ch. from Moscow, Russia

Latest news about the availability of vodka — sale of alcohol strength higher than 15 degrees is possible from 10 am to 10 pm and only at large, stationary stores.

Последние новости о доступности водки — продажа алкоголя крепостю выше 15 градусов, разрешена с 10 утра до 10 вечера и только в крупных стационарных магазинах.

In Moscow it is observed. =))

В Москве это соблюдается . =))

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 5:48 pm by Paulo Munhoz from Piracicaba, Brazil

That is nice. I’m sorry if brought up some not so good aspects of Russia it is just that there are many other good ones that are making me going to your country to photograph and enjoying time with you guys.

Это приятно. Простите, если поднял некоторые не очень хорошие аспекты России, но есть много других хороших вещей, которые заставляют меня посетить вашу страну для фотографирования и хорошего проведения времени с вами, ребята.

I thought about writing what I have seen around, so that it may help you with your research.

Я думал о том, что пишут, что я видел вокруг, так что это может помочь вам с исследованиями.

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 5:54 pm by Robert Trudel from Montreal, Canada

Hello. I was supposed to meet with Irina Sedeja this very evening in St Petersburg. But now I must die because I do not have a mobile and if you do not have a mobile in Russia, you are dead, you have no way to communicate. So I totally missed the RV and had no access to a land phone. There are a few telephone boxes a few miles apart and you must have some sort of card to use them as they do not accept coins. ( Question : where do you purchase these things ).

Здравствуйте. Я должен был встретиться с Ириной Sedeja сегодня вечером в Санкт-Петербурге. Но теперь я должно быть умру, потому что у меня нет мобильного, если у вас нет мобильного в России — вы мертвы, у вас нет возможности общаться. Так как я совсем опоздал на обратный рейс (RV – рейс «туда – обратно») и нет возможности позвонить со стационарного телефона (досл.: нет доступа к стац. телефону). Есть телефонные аппараты в нескольких милях друг от друга, но у вас должна быть какая-то карта, чтобы использовать их, так как они не принимают монеты. ( Вопрос : где вы покупаете эти штуки ).

Other than that I am totally enjoying my visit. I must say that Russian women are not only gorgeous they have quite a flair for fashion. Paris comes somewhere far behind. Montreal follows somewhere. It is very lively around here in Russia. if you are bored, then I must say you have a tremendous problem because whatever you want, in whatever field of interest, you will find (expect for that Nutcracker statuette, which I am still looking for and perhaps will find when I get back to Moscow where I have another 2 days).

Помимо этого я полностью наслаждаюсь своим визитом. Надо сказать, что русские женщины не только яркие (великолепные), у них есть достаточное чутье к моде. Париж остается где-то далеко позади. Монреаль следует где-то ближе. Здесь в России очень оживленно. Если вам скучно, то я должен сказать, у вас громадные проблемы, потому что все, что хотите, в любой области деятельности, вы здесь найдете (рассчитываю, что статуэтку Щелкунчика, которую я до сих пор ищу, возможно, найду, когда вернусь в Москву, где у меня будет еще 2 дня).

Posted April 19th, 2020 — 7:40 pm by Berit Nymo from Tromso, Norway

I spend 6 months in Piter winter 2020/2020, and I’m going back this summer via Arctic Norway and Murmansk oblast to explore.

Я провела 6 месяцев в Питере зимой 2020 – 2020, и я собираюсь вернуться этим летом через Суровую Норвегию и изучить Мурманскую область.

Помогите с английским языком

#1 Коля77

#2 AntiSgaMuh

Коля77 (03 Январь 2020 — 15:13) писал:

. If she ______ at home now, she’ll come to us.
is
. If she is at home now, she __________ to us.
will come
. If she were here now, she ____________ me in such situation.
would support
______ I use your textbook?
May
A lot of cooking ________by my mother for my wedding party.
was done
A lot of cooking is _____ by my mother for my friends.
done
A new skyscraper _________in our City at the moment.
is being built
According to the schedule she _______ arrive at 10 minutes past seven.
is to
Ann asked Bob __________ her in the evening.
not to meet,, to meet
At first they had decided to go to the North, and then they changed ___ minds.
their
Can you ________?
dance,, play the piano
Did he tell you when he_________?
arrived,, would arrive
Everyone in the village is invited ______ the wedding.
to
Have you ever been______?
to Greece,, to the China
He had been watching TV___________ before we came to him
for 4 hours,, for long
He must arrive ______ time.
in
He said he_______ been a teacher.
had
He told me that we__________ to the cinema in the evening.
would go
Her brother ___________ before she came to visit him.
had gone
I ___________ along the street when I saw a mother of my friend.
was going
I ___________ help you.
am able to,, ought to
I ____________read this text if you help me.
will be able to
I am speaking _______ my friend at the moment.
to,, with
I am sure he will ______ translated everything by this time tomorrow.
have
I am sure he will have translated everything _____ next week.
by
I bought these shoes in the central department-store after I _________old pair.
had snaped
I didn’t do my hometask because I__________ my books at school.
’d forgotten,, had forgotten
I have been reading this book ____________.
for several hours,, since yesterday
I hope the letter will have been sent ______ the appointed time.
by
I knew that he ______________ from the University a 10 years before.
had graduated
I knew that he ______________ graduated from the University a 10 years before.
had
I knew we ________________ that text before.
had read
I saw that she ___________ something.
was reading
I was going along the street when I _____ a friend of my brother.
noticed
I was reading French exercises in my notebook _______ .
at 12,, at that time yesterday
I was sleeping ___________.
for 3 hours,, the whole day
I was sure that he __________ his hometask at that time, but not playing games.
was doing
I was walking _______ the street with my friend when I suddenly saw my brother’s new girl-friend.
along,, in
I will be able to do that work if you _______ me.
come and help
I_______ do this work myself.
may,, might
I___________ find my suitcase. I don’t remember where I have put it.
can’t
If I do not have dinner ____ home, I will buy something to eat.
at
If I stay at home, I_________ late
’ll be,, will be
If it had rained, we would have stayed at home___________
last month,, yesterday
If it rained, we would stay at home__________.
tomorrow evening,, tonight
If it snows, we ___________at home
shall stay,, will stay
If she ______ here, she would do it by all means. It goes without saying.
was
If she had been here, she ___________ it by all means yesterday. It goes without saying.
would has done
If she had been to London last month, she ____________the British Museum.
would have visited
If we do not get the first bus, we will wait ____ the next one.
for
If you don’t know an answer to this question, you _____ ask me to help you.
can
If you translate this article into Russian, I shall use it in my speech _____________
in 3 days,, next lesson
If you translate this extract from the article into English, I_________ it in my speech.
shall/will use
It is snowing_______.
at this minute,, just now
Look ______ me : I am skating!
at
Look at this couple: they are dancing ________
at the moment,, at this moment
Mother asked me _____________ late.
not to be
My boss asked me when I _________to work.
arrived,, had arrived
My colleague ________ work hard.
can’t,, couldn’t
My colleague_______ work hard.
was not able to
My groupmate is to arrive _____ half past eight.
at
My mother informed me that she would call me _____the evening.
in
My parents had ________having a rest for 7 days before I came to them.
been
My parents had been having _____rest for 7 days before I came to them.
a
My parents had been having a rest for 7 days before I came ____ them.
to
My son asked me________ with him.
to play
Nick informed us he usually____________ with his lessons.
was tired
Renault cars ___________ in Russia.
are made
She ___________ on the sofa while she heard a shout.
was reading
She ________________ the dishes since morning.
has been washing
She __________does this exercise today.
can’t,, needn’t
She _______translate this difficult text without a dictionary.
can not,, could not
She bought ______ butter.
a stick of,, some
She has been translating this article _______ the time she came home.
since
She has______ translating these articles since morning.
been
She is reading the new very poplar book of one famous writer _______.
at the moment,, now
She must _____ very tired.
be
She was reading a newspaper while she ________ a noise.
heard
She will be able________
to play chess,, to swim
She__________ to the shop.
has been sent,, was sent
The article __________________.
is being writing,, was written
The article_________ by me.
was written,, will be written
The bridge is built ___ this moment.
at
The film had ended________ they came.
before,, when
The girl is playing ________ her friend.
with
The house is being sold at _____ moment.
the
The important articles ___________at the lessons.
are translated
The letter was written _____ one famous writer.
by
The letter was written ______ a pen.
with
The mail _________ every day and every minute.
is brought
The party ___________ before I arrived.
had ended
The play __________today.
has been seen
The teacher informed us that we ______________ a test next day.
would read
These computers are made ______Japan.
in
They __________ help their sick grandparents.
should
They _____________this problem for half an hour before I came.
had been solving
They didn’t know who _______it.
broke,, had broken
They had been discussing this problem for half an hour before I_______ a decision.
made
They will come to us if it _________.
doesn’t snow
They will have write the article _________________.
by 3 ,, by this time tomorrow morning
This exercise___________ tomorrow.
will be done
Warm beds __________ by our pets.
are liked
We __________ three new people at the birthday.
meet,, met
We ________________ the test for 2 hours when she comes to us.
will have been reading
We have _____ translate this text in time.
to
We knew that he _____a doctor.
had been,, was
We knew the test _______ be so difficult.
would
We knew the test would _____ so difficult.
be
We might _____ this translation of the text ourselves.
do
We saw they_______ playing football.
were
We usually _______ chess after supper.
play
We were watching TV when they _________.
arrived
We will be discussing something when the teacher _____ in.
comes
We will have been translating the test for 2 hours when she ________to us.
arrives
We_________________ TV when they arrived.
were watching
What ________ you reading now?
are
What cars are made _____ Russia?
in
What is happened ______ the married couple?
with
What_________?
has been broken,, was broken
Where will they go, if the weather is fine__________?
next mohth,, next week
Where would they go, if the weather were fine________?
this evening,, this morning
Where would they have gone, if the weather had been fine__________?
last month,, the day before
While we were watching TV, someone _______ our safe.
stole
Who are you waiting ______?
for
Who has_____ write this article?
to
Who told you that he____________.
had arrived,, would arrive
Will she _________ come in time to meet her family at the railway-station?
be able to
Соедините части предложений
I met people == in the park. They gave me and my friend == a lift home. We were getting ready for the lesson when our == teacher came in
Соедините части предложений
Can you help == me with my English. We might do this work == ourselves. Will you be able to == do it in time?
Соедините части предложений
My question is == being answered now. My question was == answered 8 minutes ago. My question will == be answered in a month.
Соедините части предложений
At the airport they will == be met by their friends. They are always == met by their friends. They have just == been met.
Соедините части предложений
I am often invited to go to the park == by my fiance. The exam is being == taken by the students of our group just now. Warm beds are == liked by dogs.
Соедините части предложений
It has already == been bought by my mother. It was == bought by my mother. It will == have been bought by her by 7.
Соедините части предложений
The house has already == been sold. The house is == being sold at the moment. The house was == sold last year.
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Everyone was sent == an invitation to the wedding. These cars are == made in Russia. When are the documents given == to the married couple?
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I needn’t use == this tape – recorder. They have to sign this == contract at the meeting. Everything will be fine. You needn’t do == this work today. I will do it myself.
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I was at my summer cottage one afternoon sitting in front of the fire == and watching the TV. Somebody rang the door bell. I wasn’t expecting anyone, == so I was quite surprised. When he called me, I == was traveling at that time.
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I will wait for you == tomorrow. OK. My friends and I usually == travel together. When she came into my office, I was == speaking on the phone.
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He is == sleeping just now. It is snowing == now. When does your brother == work?
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Look at these children: == they are skating very well. Look! My friend is == walking with her dog. Where does Kate usually == go after lessons?
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D > Соедините части предложений
I was walking along the street when I saw == a friend of mine. She was lying in bed == when she heard a noise downstairs. She was reading the notes while she == heard a noise near her flat.
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Hamburgers are eaten == in a lot of countries all over the world,, MacDonald’s hamburgers == are sold in the whole world. Nissan cars are == known all over the world.
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It usually == snows here in autumn. It will be == snowing at this time tomorrow. Look! It is == snowing now!
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My colleague == could translate this difficult article. His English is perfect. Pasta in Italy is to be eaten as a == a starter. She must be == very busy.
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I am to == cook dinner for my family. May I use == your computer. We are to read books == in the evenings.
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I am sure he == is a schoolboy. I was sure he == was a schoolboy. I was sure he would == be a schoolboy.
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He sa > Соедините части предложений
She sa > Соедините части предложений
We d > Соедините части предложений
My brother == asked me not to play chess with him. My brother asked me == to play chess with him. My brother asks me to == play chess with him.
Соедините части предложений
If you call me == I’ll go to musical with you. If you called me == I would go to musical with you. If you had called me yesterday == I would have gone to musical with you.
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If it had rained yesterday == we would have stayed at home. If it rained == we would stay at home. If it rains == we’ll stay at home.
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We would have read the article == if we had had time yesterday. We would read the newspaper == if we had time now. We’ll read the newspaper == if we have time.
Соедините части предложений
I would be at the university == if you came. I would have been at the university 2 days ago == if you had come. I’ll be at the university == if you come.
Соедините части предложений
If I go out this evening, == I will tell you. If I had gone out that evening, == I would have told you. If I went out this evening, == I would tell you.
Соедините части предложений
I would do my homework == if I stayed at home,, I would have done my homework == if I had stayed at home,, If I stay at home, == I will do my homework
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If they knew the answer, == they’d tell you. If we do our homework, we’ll be == able to watch TV. We’ll have an acc > Соедините части предложений
I’d travel abroad == if I had the money. If I were you, == I’d take an umbrella. If someone at a party asked me, == I’d dance with her.
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If I had more time, == I’d read much more. If I want, == I’ll do it without your help . If it snows, == I’ll take an ambrella.
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I’d cut my finger == so I went to the doctor. I’ve cut my finger. == Look. The train had left when the guard == blew his whistle.
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Her brother had become ill == before she got there. I bought these shoes after == I had tried them on. I will have == done everything by 6.
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He had dec > Соедините части предложений
He has been putting his car to the garage == for 15 minutes. He has forgotten to take his == passport. I d > Соедините части предложений
It has already == rained. It has been == raining since morning. They haven’t == decided it yet.
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Our students will have passed == the exams by February. They promised that they would have arrived == by the end of the week. We have == seen Mary today.
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I had met him == by that time. They invited us to the play == which we had already seen. We haven’t == arrived yet.
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They are having == supper now. They have just == had supper. They usually have == supper at 4.
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Although we quite like pasta, == we don’t have to eat it very often. I like salad with meat or fish == but my husband needn’t eat meat. She ought to == return books to the library.
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Do you have == to change your mind. The weather must == change. I hope. We can == swim well.
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We knew that he == worked here,, We knew that he had worked here == 2 years before. We knew that he would work here == in future.

В школе этого не расскажут:  I и II причастие актива в финском языке

Сообщение отредактировал AntiSgaMuh: 20 Июль 2020 — 13:41

These strange Russians: what the Americans are discussing behind our backs

Yes, we know that Americans consider Russian-speaking immigrants unsmiling. But there are more stunning things in our culture that surprise Americans. We do not shake hands over the threshold, we believe that it is necessary to “sit on the path,” more often than others we go out into the street on heels. What habits and why cause bewilderment among immigrants from other countries.

Shake hands only to men

If the woman is in the men’s company, the approached man will greet her with a nod of his head, while he will greet everyone else with his hand. Some foreigners believe that this is discrimination, in Russia it is called otherwise — custom.

Posted by Hanna goes to Russia: “When Russian men make new acquaintances, they appear to every person and shake hands. However, women rarely exchange anything other than a light nod. I was in a restaurant in China Town when it first happened to me: I shook my hand in greeting, after which the women at my table began to look at each other and drill me with their eyes — with such a look you can burn the Kremlin to the ground. I told about this case to one of my friends, and it turned out that he, too, had several awkward cases when he tried to shake hands with a Russian woman.

This is normal, because Russian women are from Mars. But American women would most likely make a fuss because they are not treated as equals. ”

Wash hands constantly

To explain to a foreigner who Moidodyr is from the fairy tale of Korney Chukovsky and why he calls everyone to wash himself is not an easy task. They sincerely do not understand why they need to wash their hands every time after returning from the street. After all, after going to the store hands remain as clean as they were! Why waste water ?!

Joanna Stein: “It may sound horrible, but in America I didn’t care much less about personal hygiene and didn’t often wash my hands. It was also my habit to wash my hands right after returning home. Probably, this happened due to the fact that the city is rather dirty and I just physically felt the dust on my hands. Nevertheless, it became a habit, and when I returned home, I automatically go to the sink. ”

Tommy O`Callaghan: “I do not understand why wash your hands a hundred times a day? In Ireland, they do it only after dinner. You might think if you wash your hands, no diseases are terrible. All the same, all the bacteria do not get rid of! «

Go to visit with gifts

Any Russian knows: to visit empty-handed is a sign of bad taste. You must bring a candy, cake or something else to your tea with you. And nothing that the hostess can be cooked two cakes, pancakes and a cake. She has her own rules, the guest has her own. Economical foreigners do not understand.

User lana_2020 comments on the article: “How do Italians visit?” In the blog “Anna_Chertkova: Muscovite in Milan”: “Once my daughter (student then) was invited by her Italian classmate .

My daughter, according to the Russian habit, picked up tomatoes, cheese and even wine on a visit . So they only helped themselves to what she brought. ”

Leave the dishes dirty

Foreigners who flew to Russia as tourists rarely encounter this office habit of Russians. Another thing, if they get a job. Then they never cease to wonder why the Russians are not lazy to wash their hands so often, but often they are too lazy to wash the cup. And after some time, tea is poured into it again.

Shoko Suzuki: “Okay, they just wouldn’t do the dishes. They do not even remove this cup in the dishwasher or sink, and again pour tea into it! If we recall that they drink tea almost every hour, by the end of the day the white cup turns to dirty yellow. It looks awful! ”

Be treated by folk remedies

Every second Russian is an expert in the field of health. Why go to a doctor when you can drive in the symptoms of the disease on the Internet, read articles written by an unknown person and follow clever advice? And the money is intact, and the disease seems to pass. Doctors are for hypochondriacs!

Jude Machado: «Garlic. Russians believe that he is the only source of health. They put it in huge quantities in the soup and can safely eat like an orange. Lemon. In each cup of tea. Bow. Almost the only vegetable in Russia. They eat it fresh or add to each salad. Everything so as not to get sick. And if they still get sick, they eat garlic and onions twice as much. Why Russians prefer ordinary vegetables to fruits, I don’t understand. ”

Believe in omens

When the suitcase is packed and already waiting for a taxi downstairs, the Russian will sit down on a stool and think. And if, after leaving the apartment, he remembers that he has forgotten something, he will return, but before going out again, he will look in the mirror. Otherwise, the trouble! Signs for Russians are like a set of laws.

Hugh McInany: “Russian people are terribly superstitious, I recognize new bad signs every week — I already have a whole list, which is constantly updated. For example, I should not leave an empty bottle on the table, I cannot shake hands with someone over the threshold, and if I forgot something, then I need to look in the mirror. In Russia, a black cat is a bad omen, but in Ireland it’s a good one, amazing! ”

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