Charles Dickens — тема топик по английскому языку

Перевод текста Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist Spotlight 10 класс

Charles Dickens (1812-1870) was born in Portsmouth, Hampshire, but his family moved to London when he was ten. He later went to work in a factory to pay for his accommodation and support his family as his father was in prison for not paying his debts. His father’s eventual release and an improvement in the family’s fortunes helped matters, but Dickens never forgave his mother for leaving him in the factory. He first made a name for himself as a writer in his twenties with The Pickwick Papers (1836).
Oliver Twist (1837-1834) is about a boy born in a workhouse for the poor. Some of the other boys make him ask for more food. As a result. Oliver is then sold. Suffering terrible cruelty, he runs away and joins a young criminal who teaches him how to steal wallets. The general theme of the novel is that of selfishness and dishonesty as most people take advantage of Oliver. Few people show him love and kindness.

Oliver Twist
The boys at the workhouse ate in a large stone hall. At one end there was a copper, out of which the master ladled gruel at mealtimes. Each boy had only one ladleful and no more, except on public holidays when he had two ounces and a quarter of bread.
The bowls never needed washing as the boys polished them with their spoons until they shone. When they had done this, they would sit staring at the copper with such eager eyes as if they could easily eat the very bricks of which it was made. Meanwhile, they licked their fingers trying to catch any stray splashes of gruel.
Generally, boys have excellent appetites and so Oliver and his companions suffered from slow starvation for three months. They finally got so wild with hunger that one boy. who was somewhat tall for his age and not at all used to that sort of thing because his lather had owned a small bakery, said to his companions that unless he had another spoon of gruel daily, he was afraid that one night he might eat the boy who slept next to him. He seemed to have a wild, hungry look in his eye and the others entirely believed him. A meeting was held and lots were drawn to see who should walk up to the master after supper that evening and ask for more. The task fell to Oliver Twist.
The evening arrived and the boys took their places. The master, in his cook’s apron, stood beside the copper with his assistants behind him. The gruel was served out and a long grace was said. After the gruel disappeared, the boys whispered to each other and winked at Oliver, while his neighbours nudged him. Oliver was desperate with hunger and misery. He rose from the table and, walking towards the master with his howl, said,
‘Please, sir, I want some more.’
The master was a fat, healthy man but he turned very pale. He gazed in astonishment at the boy for some seconds and then held on to the copper for support. His assistants were paralysed with wonder and the boys with fear.
‘What?’ said the master eventually in a faint voice.
‘Please, sir,’ replied Oliver, ‘I want some more.’
The master hit Oliver’s head with the ladle, held him tightly in his arms and shrieked aloud for the policeman.

Перевод текста:
Чарльз Диккенс (1812-1870) родился в Портсмуте, Хэмпшир, но его семья переехала в Лондон, когда ему было десять лет. Позже он пошел работать на фабрику, чтобы заплатить за его проживание и поддержать свою семью, поскольку его отец находился в тюрьме за то, что он не выплатил свои долги. Возможное освобождение его отца и улучшение состояния семьи помогли делу, но Диккенс никогда не простил его мать за то, что она оставила его на фабрике. Впервые он стал известен как писатель в двадцатые годы с «Пиквикскими записками (1836).
В романе Оливер Твист (1837-1834) речь идет о мальчике, который родился в рабочем доме для бедных. Некоторые из других мальчиков заставляют его просить больше еды. В результате Оливера потом продают. Страдая от ужасной жестокости, он убегает и присоединяется к молодому преступнику, который учит его, как красть кошельки. Общая тема романа — это эгоизм и нечестность, поскольку большинство людей использует Оливера. Немногие люди показывают ему любовь и доброту.

Оливер Твист
Мальчики в доме сидели в большом каменном зале. На одном конце был медный котёл, из которой надзиратель черпал кашу во время еды. У каждого мальчика было только одна ложка каши и не больше, кроме как в праздничные дни, когда у него было две унции и четверть хлеба.
Тарелки никогда не нуждались в мытье, поскольку мальчики полировали их ложками, пока они не засияют. Когда они это сделали, они сидели, глядя на котёл с такими нетерпеливыми глазами, как будто они могли легко съесть даже кирпичи, из которых он был сделан. Тем временем они лизали пальцы, пытаясь уловить любые блуждающие брызги каши.
Как правило, у мальчиков хорошие аппетиты, поэтому Оливер и его товарищи страдают от медленного голодания в течение трех месяцев. В конце концов, у них был такой дикий голод, что один мальчик, который был высоким для своего возраста и совсем не привык к подобным вещам, потому что у его отца была небольшая пекарня, он сказал своим товарищам, что, если у него не будет еще одна ложка каши ежедневно , он боялся, что однажды ночью он может съесть мальчика, который спал рядом с ним. У него, казалось, был дикий, голодный взгляд в его глазах, и другие полностью поверили ему. Была проведено собрание, и была проведена жеребьевка, чтобы увидеть, кто должен идти к хозяину после ужина в тот вечер и попросить больше. Задача выпала Оливеру Твисту.
Пришел вечер, и мальчики заняли свои места. Надзиратель, в его поварском фартуке, стоял рядом с котлом со своими помощниками позади него. Каша была подана, и было сказана длинная молитва. После того, как каши исчезли, мальчики шепнули друг другу и подмигнули Оливеру, а его соседи слегка подтолкнули его. Оливер был в отчаянии от голода и страдания. Он встал из-за стола и, выйдя к хозяину, сказал:
«Пожалуйста, сэр, я хочу еще».
Надзиратель был толстым, здоровым человеком, но он побледнел. Он удивленно смотрел на мальчика несколько секунд, а затем держал за котел для помощи. Его помощники были парализованы удивлением и мальчиками со страхом.
‘Что?’ — наконец сказал надзиратель слабым голосом.
«Пожалуйста, сэр, — ответил Оливер, — Я хочу еще».
Надзиратель ударил черпаком голову Оливера, крепко держал его руками и вскрикнул вслух полицейскому.

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Charles Dickens

Questions:
1. When and where was Charles Dickens born?
2. Why did he leave school at the age of 11?
3. What was his first job?
4. What was the name of his first novel?
5. What did he do in the last years of his life?
6. When did he stop writing?

Чарлз Диккенс
Чарлз Диккенс — один из величайших романистов в английской литературе. В своих книгах он показал подлинный мир и людей викторианской Англии.
Чарлз Диккенс родился в 1812 году в Лондоне. Его отец был клерком, у него было восемь детей. Его отец все время тратил денег больше, чем получал. Когда Чарлзу было 11, его семью посадили в тюрьму за долги отца. Чарлзу пришлось бросить школу и начать работать. Он работал по десять часов в день на фабрике, производящей ваксу. Чарлз ненавидел эту работу и никогда не забыл эти впечатления. Он использовал их во многих романах, прежде всего, в «Дэвиде Копперфилде» и «Оливере Твисте».
В возрасте 15 лет ему посчастливилось получить работу в конторе лондонского адвоката, хотя ему и не нравилась эта работа. Когда ему было 16 лет, он начал работать в газете. И в возрасте 25 лет он стал одним из лучших журналистов Лондона.
«Записки Пиквикского клуба» были его первым большим произведением, которое принесло ему известность. Его книги стали очень популярными во многих странах, и он проводил много времени за границей. В последние годы своей жизни он начал встречаться с читателями и проводить публичные чтения из своих книг. Эти встречи имели большой успех.
Он не прекращал писать и путешествовать и умер внезапно в 1870 году.

Источник: 100 тем английского языка. Авторы Каверина В. Бойко В. Жидких Н.

Charles Dickens. Топик по английскому

Charles Dickens is still as popular today as when his first work appeared, over 150 years ago. Charles Dickens was born in 1812 near Portsmouth on the southern coast of England. His father was a clerk at the office of a large naval station, and the family lived on his small salary. They belonged to the lower middle class. The father was often transferred from place to place, and there was always talk between the parents about money, bills and debts.

Charles’s first teacher was a kind young man from Oxford, under whose influence Charles grew fond of books. At ten he read Defoe, Fielding, Goldsmith and translations of some European and other authors. His favourite books were Don Quixote and the Arabian Nights.

Charles had to leave school when he was twelve, but later he got another chance to study. He continued his education by himself in a lawyer’s office, then in the British Museum reading room. In 1832 Dickens became a parliamentary reporter.

Dickens’s first efforts at writing were little stories about the ordinary Londoners he saw. The stories were comical street sketches that appeared in many magazines as Sketches by Boz(1833—36). In the preface to this work he wrote that his aim was to show «everyday life and everyday people». He lived for those people. It was said of Dickens that he «never talked down to the people, he talked up to the people».

The London house in Doughty Street, where Dickens lived for two years, is now a museum. He completed the Pickwick Papers (1837) and wrote Oliver Twist (1838) and Nicholas Nickleby (1839) there.

No one has conveyed the spirit of the 19th-century English life better than Dickens. He is remembered as the writer who has invented the theatre for one actor. With great success he read some of his Christmas stories. These were The Cricket on the Hearth and A Christmas Carol. In his Christmas Books (1843—48) Dickens wished to awaken kind and loving feelings in the hearts of the people.

The Christmas tales brought comfort to the reader. He believed that conscience of evil and selfish men would be touched when they realized the sufferings of the poor. All these stories have a happy ending: Dickens put all his hopes in the good qualities of human nature.

The most famous works written by Charles Dickens (apart from those that have been mentioned above) are: The Old Curiosity Shop (1841), Dombey and Son (1846-48), Bleak House (1853), Hard Times (1854), Little Dorrit (1857), A Tale ofTwo Cities (1859), Great Expectations (1861), etc.

Charles Dickens died on the 9th of June, 1870 and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

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American Hol > (317)

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American Political System. Топик по английскому (286)

Тема: Американская политическая система After the colonies in America had won the War for Independence, they became free and independent states, but they had a problem: they.

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Shopping is the favorite pastime of many Americans. They usually go to big shopping centers called malls that have a variety of boutiques, department stores and restaurants.

American System of Education. Топик по английскому (303)

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Урок английского языка по теме «Famous British Writers. Charles Dickens». 9-й класс

Класс: 9

Презентация к уроку

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Внимание! Предварительный просмотр слайдов используется исключительно в ознакомительных целях и может не давать представления о всех возможностях презентации. Если вас заинтересовала данная работа, пожалуйста, загрузите полную версию.

Цели урока: активизация речемыслительной деятельности учащихся;

закрепление лексического материала по теме «Литература» (Писатели. Жанры литературы; закрепление грамматического материала по темам: Употребление артикля с именами собственными. Использование видо-временных форм для описания действий, событий, происходивших в прошлом; развитие навыков аудирования, диалогической и монологической речи.

Задачи:

  • Учебная: формирование и развитие коммуникативных умений учащихся с использованием лексического, грамматического материала.
  • Познавательная: расширение лингвистического, культурного кругозора учащихся.
  • Развивающая: интеллектуальное развитие учащихся (развитие памяти, внимании, логики, цельности восприятия и высказывания), формирование готовности к коммуникации.
  • Воспитательная: помощь в осознании важности чтения и как результат духовного обогащения учащихся; воспитание уважительного отношения и интереса к культуре других стран и как следствие формирование позитивного отношения к изучению иностранного языка.

Оборудование урока: дидактические материалы: учебник Английский язы 9 класс, авторы: В. П. Кузовлев, Н.М.Лапа, Э. Ш. Перегудова и др.; выставка «Книги» (произведения Ч. Дикенса), портрет писателя, электронная презентация урока.

Этапы урока:

  1. Организационный этап;
  2. Проверка домашнего задания (ответы на вопросы по биографии Ч. Дикенса);
  3. Закрепление лексического и грамматического материала (выполнение упражнений);
  4. Аудирование (слушание текста «Дикенсовский литературный фестиваль;
  5. Проверка понимания пройденного материала (выполнение заданий по услышанному тексту);
  6. Информация о домашнем задании.
  7. Заключительная часть (рефлексия).

1-й этап: Warming Up Activities.

Teacher: Good morning! The subject of our lesson is «Famous British Writers» (continued). Today we will talk about one of the most famous British writers Charles Dickens. Look at the blackboard please! Next year it will be the 200th Anniversary of Charles Dickens birth.

(на доске портрет писателя, написаны даты его жизни)

-Today we will remember this outstanding writer and perhaps you will learn some new things about him!

But first let us remember the English writers and poets you have read already about!

(William Shakespeare was a poet and playwright.
Agatha Christie was a detective story writer.
J.R.Tolkien was a fantasy writer, a linguist.
The Bronte sisters were writers.
Robert Burns was a poet.)

(и т.д., параллельно учащиеся отрабатывают лексику)

2-й этап: Проверка домашнего задания.

Teacher: Your homework for today was to find more information about Dickens’ biography (you could use various sources). So look at the blackboard please. You see the plan we made up last time. Let’s summarize the information according to our plan.

(Учитель выводит слайд с планом рассказа. К каждому пункту предложены ключевые слова и выражения. В соответствии с этими пунктами учащиеся делятся на группы, причем в каждой группе должны быть учащиеся с разным уровнем подготовки, и рассказывают на каждую тему).

  • Childhood. Youth (was born; at the age of; to move to)
  • Journalism. Early novels (a novel, a reporter, to be published; A Dinner of Poplar Walk; Sketches by BOZ; Pickwick Papers).
  • Dickens’ family (To get married, a wife).
  • Middle years (Bleak Hours, Hard Times, Litle Dorrit)
  • Trips to America (to travel, to give lectures, public readings, an impression).
  • Literary style. Characters (vivid descriptions, sense of humour, to describe the hardships of the working class).
  • Last years. Museums and festivals (The Charles Dickens Museum in London; The Charles Dickens Birthplace Museum in Portsmouth; The Dickens House Museum in Broadstairs, Kent; The Charles Dickens Centre in Eastgate House, Rochester; The Riverside Dickens Festival in Riverside, California; The Great Dickens Fair in San-Francisco, California; Dickens Literary Festival in Rochester).

3-й этап:

Teacher: Well done! And now lexical and grammar control! I’ll give you 10 sentences. They contain the information about Ch.Dickens’ life. Agree or disagree with me.

(Учитель открывает в презентации слайд с упражнением – 10 предложений, содержащих информацию из биографии писателя. Нужно определить, какие из них верны, какие не верны; затем исправить ошибки; объяснить употребление определенного артикля с именами собственными, употребление временных форм глагола; выполняется устно)

  • Charles Dickens was born in 1812 in the Portsmouth (It is true).
  • His father was a very rich man. (It is false, his father WAS a clerk. When the family moved to London he couldn’t get any job).
  • The first novel by Dickens was «A Dinner at Poplar Walk». It was published in 1844. (It is false, it was published in 1833).
  • Dickens started as a newspaper reporter, didn’ he? (It is true).
  • «The Pickwick Papers» didn’t make him famous. (It is false. This novel was published in 1837 and was a great success).
  • Dickens’ рen-name was Boz (It is true).
  • Much of his time was taken up with public reading of his best-loved novels. (It is true).
  • Dickens had never been to the America. (It is false. Dickens had been twice to America, in 1842 and in 1867).
  • Dickens wrote Oliver Twist, David Copperfield, Robinson Crusoe, Hard Times e.t.c. (Daniel Defoe wrote Robinson Crusoe).
  • There are a lot of Dickens’ museums and festivals in Great Britain and the USA (It is true).

4-й этап:

Teacher: Good job! And now let’s get some more information about Charles Dickens! I’ll read you an extract from the article, devoted to the Charles Dickens Fesivals in Rochester. Listen, try to understand and answer the question: How many festivals are described in the text? How are they called?

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(На доске записаны слова и выражения из текста для аудирования. Учитель дважды читает текст, учащиеся слушают, затем отвечают на вопросы).

Charles Dickens Festivals in Rochester:

The City of Rochester in the county of Kent is situated about 20 miles south east of London. It comes alive in the first week of June celebrating the works of the great novelist with the Dickens Festival. Many visitors from all over the county come to Rochester to see this extraordinary festival. Many people join in the celebrations by dressing up in Victorian costumes and parading the streets of Rochester. There is nowhere in the world you can see this festival of Dickens characters, which include Ebenizer Scroodge, Oliver Twist, Bill Sykes and many others.

Again Rochester comes alive with the Dickensian Christmas.It is connected with the Christmas novel “A Christmas Carol”. It always snows in Rochester with the addition of an artificial snow machine. The smell of roasting chestnuts fills the streets. The atmosphere is full of Christmas tunes. The final of the festival is the Dickensian candlelight parade through High Street culminating in Christmas carols outside the Cathedral.

(Подчеркнутые слова выписаны на доске).

5-й этап:

Ответы на вопросы по прослушанному тексту

6-й этап:

Teacher:Let us discuss your homework for the next lesson. I ask you to write a short composition. It will be your opinion about Charles Dickens as one of the most favourite British writers and his works.

7-й этап: Заключение

Teacher: We have considered the life and the works by Charles Dickens.

I think we have understood an important thing today. Reading is one of the best ways to learn the culture of other countries. British literature is very rich in outstanding writers, who made it famous all over the world. Do you agree with me? Tell me please your opinion!

(Учащиеся очень коротко высказывают свое мнение)

Упр.1 Unit 1 Урок 2
ГДЗ English Кузовлев 9 класс

1. Vocabulary. Charles Dickens is one of the most famous British writers.
1) What was Dickens famous for? Use the Word Box to learn the meaning of the highlighted words.
Charles Dickens is one of the best known and best loved of all English novelists. He was born in Portsmouth in 1812.
The little boy was very talented. He learned to read at an early age and read many books in his childhood. When he was about six, he saw a play by Shakespeare in the theatre. He was so inspired by this play, that he wrote a play himself and performed it together with his friends.
When Charles was nine years old, the family came to London. Life was hard for poor people in London.
Charles’ father couldn’t get any work there and little Charles, at ten, had to go to work. At twelve,
Charles was sent to school again. At fifteen he left school and became a newspaper reporter. He had worked as a reporter for several years before his first novels were written and published. At the same time he was writing for a variety of magazines. In 1836, Charles Dickens married, published his first book, and began writing his humorous novel The Pickwick Papers, which made him famous. In 1837, it was published and was a huge success.
Then his novels Oliver Twist, Nicholas Nickleby, David Copperfield, Hard Times and many others were published one after another. In these novels he described what he had learned in his hard childhood. Charles Dickens gave the realistic picture of the life of English people. His novels were set in Victorian England. Charles Dickens was a great master of powerful and honest stories about poor people. He had vivid imagination and developed fabulous plots. To many people the characters of his novels seemed more real than the real characters of history.
The great writer died in 1870 at the age of fifty-eight. He was honoured by his contemporaries as a remarkable novelist. His books were translated into many languages, and they are still popular today. His birthplace is visited by many tourists. People all over the world value his novels for their realism, humour, their love and sympathy for ordinary people.

an age — возраст
childhood — детство
to inspire — вдохновлять
to publish — публиковать, издавать
to marry — жениться
to be a success — иметь успех
to describe — описывать, изображать
to be set — помещаться, располагаться (о месте действия художественного произведения)
powerful — яркий, сильный
vivid — живой, пылкий

а plot — сюжет
to die — умирать
to honour — почитать, чтить
а contemporary — современник
remarkable — замечательный
а birthplace — место рождения, родина

Words to guess
а novel n — роман
а novelist n —?
ответ
Dickens was famous for his humorous novel The Pickwick Papers, written in 1836.

2) What have you learned about Charles Dickens?
ответ:
• When and where was Charles Dickens born?
Dickens was born in Portsmouth in 1812.
• What was his childhood like?
He read many books at an early age and he wrote a play himself.
• When did Charles begin working?
Charles had to go to work at ten.
• Where had Charles worked before he became famous?
He had worked as a reporter for several years.
• What was he doing when he worked as a reporter?
He was writing for a variety magazines.
• What novel made Dickens famous?
It was The Pickwick Papers.
• When was this novel published?
It was published in 1837.
• What did Dickens write about?
He described what he had learned in his hard childhood.
• When and where were Dickens’ novels set?
His novels were set in Victorian England.
• What do people value Charles Dickens’ novels for?
To many people the characters of his novels seemed more real than the real characters of history.

3) Find the examples of the Past Tenses in the text. Match them with the rule and translate.
Grammar for revision
Past meaning
Past Simple Active: She wrote detective stories.
Past Simple Passive: Her novels were translated into many languages.
Past Progressive: He was writing a letter when his father came.
Past Perfect: By that time he had written his famous novel.

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